Social-psychiatric services have for a long time been a focus in the controversial discussion about the further development of outpatient mental health care. Presented is the Baden-Württemberg Social Psychiatric Services model, which is oriented towards outpatient social welfare provision of persons with chronic mental illness, complementing the medical-psychiatric treatment provided by office-practice psychiatrists. Evaluation of the Social Psychiatric Service for its first year of full operation, 1984, has shown that this type of service delivery organization is capable, above all, of reaching persons with "recently" chronic mental illness, who are serviced in the framework of community mental health care systems mainly on an outpatient basis. Provision of care, i.e. of social welfare and counselling measures, may in this group constitute an efficient contribution towards their social rehabilitation. Effective functioning of this organizational model presupposes sufficiently well-established cooperation with other facilities and services involved in service provision, which, as the Baden-Württemberg trial has shown, can in actual fact be ensured.