For the treatment of primary canaliculitis, 1,2,3-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage are commonly used; however, a recurrence rate of 6.6% to 22% has been reported. Herein, we describe a case of recurrent primary canaliculitis that was completely cured by 4-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage.
A 53-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with chief complaints of epiphora, discharge, eyelid flare up, and swelling near the inferior lacrimal punctum in the left eye, which initially presented 6 months earlier.
Based on the aforementioned symptoms, the patient was initially diagnosed with bacterial conjunctivitis at a local ophthalmologic clinic and used antibiotic eye drops for 6 months. However, her symptoms did not improve and they worsened at 2 weeks prior to admission. She was subsequently diagnosed with chronic dacryocystitis and referred to our hospital for surgical treatment. Slit lamp examination results showed conjunctival congestion in the inner corner of the left eye, along with eyelid flare up, swelling near the inferior lacrimal punctum, and yellowish discharge and concretion from the lacrimal punctal orifice. Furthermore, punctal regurgitation was not observed in the lacrimal sac compression test. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with primary canaliculitis on the basis of her clinical symptoms and laboratory findings.
Based on the diagnosis of primary canaliculitis, 1-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage were performed, and the patient was prescribed oral antibiotics for 2 weeks together with topical antibiotics for 4 weeks. Overall, the patient's symptoms improved after surgery, but epiphora and yellowish discharge from the lacrimal punctal orifice developed again 2 months after surgery during outpatient follow-up. Based on the diagnosis of recurrent primary canaliculitis, 4-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage were performed, and the patient was prescribed oral antibiotics for 2 weeks together with topical antibiotics for 4 weeks.
Over a 6-month follow-up period, the symptoms disappeared completely and no other findings were observed.
Four-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage are simple clinical procedures that can minimize the recurrence rate of primary canaliculitis. Hence, 4-snip punctoplasty and canalicular curettage should be considered as the 1st-line treatment for primary canaliculitis and recurrent cases.