To compare optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) findings in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) according to polyp type, polyp size and pigment epithelial detachment (PED) size.
Seventeen patients with PCV were included this study. The participants were divided into two groups according to ICGA images. Participants who had type I PCV formed group 1, and group 2 was comprised of patients with type II PCV. OCTA was performed for all participants. Polyp detection rates with OCTA and factors affecting this detection were assessed.
The mean age of all patients was 68.85±4.77 years (group 1 70.4±2.54 years, group 2 67.45±5.93 years). The rate of polyps seen in OCTA images was statistically significantly correlated with polyp type, polyp size, and PED size (r=0.633, p=0.002; r=0.64, P=0.001 and r=0.59, p<0.001, respectively). In group 1, the mean polyp size was 230.8±82.94μm, and the mean PED size was 161.3±73.87μm. In group 1, 10 patients with PCV were detected with ICGA, while only 1 (10%) PCV was detected with OCTA. In group 2, the mean polyp size was 387.90±245.90μm, and the mean PED size was 345.18±276.26μm. In group 2, 11 patients with PCV were detected with ICGA, while 8 (72.7%) of these patients were detected using OCTA.
OCTA showed a greater percentage of detection of type II PCV than type I PCV. Polyp and PED size are important for the detection of PCV using OCTA.