To determine if the thread release technique can be applied to common peroneal nerve entrapment at the fibular neck.
The thread common peroneal nerve release was performed on 15 fresh frozen cadaveric lower extremity specimens. All procedures were performed under ultrasound guidance and immediately underwent post-procedural gross anatomic inspection for completeness of decompression and presence or absence of iatrogenic neurovascular injury.
All 15 specimens demonstrated complete transection of the deep fascia of the peroneus longus overlying the common peroneal nerve. The transections extended to the bifurcation of the superficial peroneal and deep peroneal nerves. There was no evidence of any iatrogenic damage to the neurovascular bundle or adjacent tendons. The average operating time was less than 30 min.
This cadaveric validation study demonstrates the accuracy of the thread common peroneal nerve release. Future pilot studies are warranted to ensure the safety of this procedure in the clinical setting.