[Robotic-assisted supraomohyoid neck dissection via retroauricular hairline incision].
To explore the feasibility of using da Vinci Surgical System to perform supraomohyoid neck dissection (SOND) to avoid visible scar and reduce trauma.
Between September 2017 and December 2018, twenty patients (two females and 18 males, mean age, 54.8 years) with oral cancer treated in the Department of Stomatology, Hainan Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese PLA were enrolled in this study. Eight patients were assigned into robotic surgery group, and received robot-assisted SOND with retroauricular hairline incision. After the da Vinci Surgical System robotic platform was positioned, the neck dissection was performed in level Ⅱb, Ⅱa, Ⅲ, Ⅰb and Ⅰa orderly from the near region to far region. The other 12 patients were assigned into traditional surgery group, and received SOND with a traditional incision. The operation time, bleeding and amount of lymph node dissected were compared between two groups.
All the 8 cases of robot-assisted SOND were completed smoothly. Operation time [(4.5±1.0) h] was significantly longer in robotic surgery group than that [(2.5±1.0) h] in traditional surgery group (P<0.05). The amount of bleeding in robotic surgery group [30.0 (27.5) ml] was significantly lower than that in traditional surgery group [(100.0 (87.5) ml, P<0.05]. There's no difference in the number of lymph nodes dissected between robotic surgery group (23.6±5.2) and traditional surgery group (22.8±6.0)(P>0.05). No postoperative hemorrhage, symptoms of nerve injury, flap necrosis and secondary healing were observed in robotic surgery group.
SOND through retroauricular hairline incision is feasible with the assistance of da Vinci Surgical System. The main advantage of this method is superior esthetic effects due to a hidden incision with minimal bleeding. There was no obvious differences in the amount of lymph nodes dissected and postoperative complications between two methods. However, robotic surgery costs a significantly longer operation time than traditional neck dissection.
Esthetics, DentalFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedMouth NeoplasmsNeck DissectionRobotic Surgical ProceduresRobotics