Pulmonary involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome, as measured by the ESSDAI.
Systemic features influence disease prognosis and choice of treatment in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of pulmonary involvement in pSS patients and to classify patients according to the pulmonary domain of the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI).
This retrospective cohort study included consecutive pSS patients, fulfilling American-European Consensus Group/American College of Rheumatology classification criteria, who visited the Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University Medical Center Groningen, in 2015. Data on pulmonary complaints and pulmonary tests were obtained from electronic patient records. Pulmonary involvement was recorded if therapy was needed or follow-up was recommended, and when it was possibly or assumed to be related to pSS instead of coincidental factors.
Of the 262 included pSS patients, 88 (34%) had pulmonary complaints, mostly cough or dyspnoea on exertion. Pulmonary diagnostics were performed in 225 patients (86%). Pulmonary involvement was present and assumed to be related to pSS in 25 patients (10%) and possibly related to pSS in 14 (5%). Interstitial lung disease (ILD, n = 15), especially non-specific interstitial pneumonia (n = 7), was present most commonly. In total, 16 patients (6%) were scored as low (n = 4), moderate (n = 11), or high activity (n = 1) on the ESSDAI pulmonary domain.
In this cross-sectional study in daily clinical practice, pulmonary involvement was present in 10-15% of pSS patients, of which ILD was most common. Of all pSS patients, 6% were scored as active on the pulmonary domain of the ESSDAI.
BiopsyCross-Sectional StudiesElectronic Health RecordsFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansLungLung Diseases, InterstitialMaleMiddle AgedNetherlandsPrevalencePrognosisRetrospective StudiesSeverity of Illness IndexSjogren's SyndromeTomography, X-Ray Computed