European guidelines recommend advanced endoscopic imaging (AEI) to guide therapeutic decisions; however, data are limited concerning its clinical effects on the management of colorectal polyps. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of standard chromoendoscopic imaging (SCI) and AEI on decision-making regarding therapeutic techniques.
We retrospectively analyzed prospectively collected endoscopic and pathological data on colorectal neoplasms ≥ 10 mm removed at a Japanese tertiary cancer center between January 2010 and December 2016. We assumed a virtual approach to manage the decisions for endoscopic resection or surgery for each lesion using the following test modalities: (1) endoscopic size measurement (ESM), (2) SCI, and (3) AEI. Virtual surgical management was indicated using the following criteria: (1) ESM: lesion ≥ 40 mm, (2) SCI: depression, excavation, or ulceration, (3) AEI: Japan NBI Expert Team type 3 (magnifying NBI), VI high-grade, or VN (magnifying chromoendoscopy). We compared the incidence of hypothetical redundant surgery, defined as virtual surgical management for cases of dysplasia or superficial submucosal invasive cancers (SM-S).
A total of 3509 lesions from 2693 patients were analyzed, including 142 SM-S and 457 deep submucosal invasive cancer (SM-D). The incidence of hypothetical redundant surgery was 9.2% with ESM, 5.1% with SCI, and 2.9% with AEI. When compared with ESM, hypothetical redundant surgery was significantly reduced with SCI (relative risk 0.55; 95% confidence interval 0.44-0.69) and AEI (0.31; 0.23-0.41).
Therapeutic decision-making according to SCI or AEI can reduce surgery for endoscopically resectable colorectal neoplasms.