Nocturnal enuresis (NE), or 'bedwetting', is a form of night-time urinary incontinence occurring in younger children. A diagnosis of NE can be socially disruptive and psychologically stressful for a child. The most common strategies used by parents to manage NE are waking the child during the night to use the bathroom and limiting the child's water intake before going to bed. Behavioural or educational therapies for NE such as urotherapy or bladder retraining are widely accepted and considered as a mainstream treatment option for non-neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction in children. Pharmacotherapy also plays an ancillary role. However, there is no gold standard therapy or intervention to effectively manage NE.
This study aims to determine the efficacy of a herbal combination in the treatment of NE in children. The target population for this study is 80 children aged between 6 and 14 years old (males and females) who have primary nocturnal enuresis ≥3 per week (wet nights). The active group will receive one or two capsules per day containing 420 mg of a proprietary blend of Urox® (Seipel Group, Brisbane, Australia) containing Cratevox™ (Crataeva nurvala L; Capparidaceae; Varuna) stem bark extract standardised for 1.5% lupeol: non-standardised Equisetum arvense L. (Equisetaceae; Horsetail) stem extract; and, non-standardised Lindera aggregata Sims. The primary outcome for this study is the frequency of nocturia. Secondary outcomes include safety, quality of life, and daytime incontinence. Each participation will be involved in the trial for 32 weeks including contact with the research team every 2 weeks for the first 8 weeks and then every 8 weeks until trial completion.
This study examines a novel treatment for an under-researched health condition affecting many children. Despite the availability of several therapies for NE, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of any one intervention and as such this randomised placebo-controlled phase II trial will be an important contribution to understanding potential new treatments for this condition.
Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registration Number: 12618000288224.
23 February 2018, version 1.1.