Approximately half of cases of cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide occur in Asia, with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) a leading cause of mortality. Long-term ACS-related outcomes data in Asia are limited. This analysis examined 2-year ACS-related outcomes in patients enrolled in the EPICOR Asia study, and the association between patient characteristics and management on outcomes.
EPICOR Asia is a multinational, prospective, primary data collection study of real-world management of Asian patients with ACS. Overall, 12,922 eligible adults (hospitalized for ACS within 48 h of symptom onset and who survived to discharge) were enrolled from 219 centers in eight Asian countries. Patients were followed up post-discharge for 2 years and clinical outcomes recorded.
Patients were of mean age 60 years and 76% were male. Diagnoses were STEMI (51.2%), NSTEMI (19.9%), and UA (28.9%). During follow-up, 5.2% of patients died; NSTEMI patients had the highest risk profile. Mortality rate (adjusted HR [95% CI]) was similar in NSTEMI (0.97 [0.81-1.17]) and lower in UA (0.52 [0.33-0.82]) vs STEMI. Similar trends (adjusted) were seen for the composite endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke, and bleeding rates did not differ significantly. For all three diagnoses, patients who were medically managed had a markedly elevated risk of both death and the composite endpoint.
During 2-year follow-up, adjusted risks of mortality, the composite endpoint, and bleeding rates were similar in NSTEMI and STEMI patients. Outcomes risk was better for invasive management. Long-term management strategies in Asia need to be optimized.