The prospective, open-label, randomized study aims to compare the efficacy of lansoprazole, a fast orally disintegrating proton pump inhibitor (PPI), and dexlansoprazole, a dual delayed release PPI, in patients with atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Patients with atypical GERD symptoms with a total reflux symptom index score > 10 were eligible for enrollment. From February 2018 to December 2019, 232 subjects were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to receive oral lansoprazole, Takepron OD 30 mg, once daily before breakfast or oral dexlansoprazole, Dexilant 60 mg, once daily before breakfast for 8 weeks. The primary end-point is to compare the symptoms response rate after an 8-week PPI therapy between the two groups.
There were 232 study subjects enrolling in this study. After the 8-week PPI therapy, dexlansoprazole-treated group had a significantly higher response rate than lansoprazole-treated group in cough (76.5% vs 38.0%) and globus (69.7% vs 30.8%) (P all < 0.05 by intention-to-treat). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of dexlansoprazole, presence of dyslipidemia, and typical GERD symptoms (acid reflux and heartburn) were predictors for symptom response for cough; the use of dexlansoprazole and presence of erosive esophagitis were predictors for symptom response for globus (P all < 0.05). No predictor for therapy response to hoarseness was noted.
There is a higher response rate for cough and globus symptoms in patients with atypical GERD after the 8-week PPI therapy with dexlansoprazole rather than lansoprazole.