A rapid method for analyzing of Jinhua ham samples in different aging time was created based on gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). The GC-IMS chromatograph provided information regarding the identities and intensities of 37 volatile flavor compounds, including both monomers and dimers. Principal component analysis (PCA) effectively distinguished the variation in the aroma of the Jinhua hams specific to aging time. Alcohol (octanol, 2-methylbutanol), ketones (2-butanone, 2-hexanone, 2-heptanone, acetoin, gamma-butyrolactone), aldehydes (butanal, 3-methylbutanal), ester (propyl acetate) and carboxylic acids (3-methylbutanoic acid) were considered as the main volatile compounds in the Jinhua ham samples. This GC-IMS method, then, proved to be feasible for the rapid and comprehensive detection of volatile compounds in Jinhua hams, and multivariance analysis (i.e.: PCA) was able to provide information related to aging time.