Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have gain increasing attention in lung adenocarcinoma. In this study, we aimed at constructing and analyzing the lncRNAs and the related proteins based competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network.
RNA expression data of lung adenocarcinoma were extracted from the TCGA database. Differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs, messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) were identified and then a DElncRNA-DEmiRNA-DEmRNA ceRNA network was constructed for lung adenocarcinoma. We also analyzed the Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of the DEgenes. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were also been further utilized for exploring the prognostic factors.
After compared and calculated lncRNA, mRNA and miRNA expression profiles between lung adenocarcinoma and normal samples, 1709 differential expressed lncRNAs, 2554 differential expressed mRNAs and 116 differential expressed miRNAs were finally identified. Afterwards, a lncRNA mediated ceRNA network was constructed, according to the interactions among 544 pairs of DElncRNA-DEmiRNA relationships and 47 pairs of DEmiRNA-DEmRNA relationships. As for the survival analyses, we found 10 DElncRNAs, 25 DEmRNAs and 7 miRNAs have statistically prognostic significance for overall survival, respectively.
This study provides meaningful information for deeper understanding the underlying molecular mechanism of lung adenocarcinoma and for evaluating prognosis, which could monitor recurrence, guide clinical treatment drugs and subsequent related researches.