To evaluate if age and comorbidities are associated with progression from trial phase to implantation of an implantable pulse generator in women with overactive bladder.
This multisite retrospective cohort included women with overactive bladder with or without urinary incontinence who had a trial phase for sacral neuromodulation. The primary outcome was progression to implantation. A sub-analysis of implanted patients was performed for the outcome of additional therapies or "implant only" for the duration of follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression models including potential predictors of implantation and post-implantation addition of therapies were performed.
At six academic institutions, 91% (785/864) of patients progressed to implantation. Post-implantation success was achieved by 69% (536/782) of patients at median follow-up of 2 (range 0.3 to 15) years. Odds of implantation [OR 0.73 (CI 0.61, 0.88)] and post-implantation success [OR 0.78 (CI 0.98, 0.97)] were lower with increasing decades of age. Medical comorbidities evaluated did not affect implantation rates or post-implant success.
Most women have successful sacral neuromodulation trials despite older age and comorbidities. Higher decade of age has a negative effect on odds of implantation and is associated with addition of therapies post-implantation. Comorbidities assessed in this study did not affect implantation or addition of therapies post-implantation. Most women add therapies to improve efficacy post-implantation, and explantation rates are low.