Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is characterized by raised intracranial pressure of unknown origin that primarily afflicts obese women of childbearing age. There are several treatment options, but currently there are none that are effective for the entire affected population. The lack of a universally effective treatment is related to an incomplete understanding of the etiology of the condition and the lack of a well-defined pathophysiological mechanism for the disease process. Classically, IIH has been thought of as a diagnosis of exclusion once radiographical imaging has ruled out all other causes of elevated intracranial pressure. Today, we know that imaging does capture subtle changes, and might provide keys to finally understand the pathogenesis of IIH so that a definitive treatment can be discovered or developed. Recently, advancements in radiography, optical coherence tomography, and electroretinography have shown promise for the future of IIH evaluation. A topic within IIH imaging that has recently sparked interest is the possibility that the severity of papilledema may have an association with the size of the optic canal. In this article, we also discuss the recent studies on the relationship between asymmetric papilledema and optic canal size.