A spinach loading experiment was performed on 9 normal subjects, 25 outpatients who were single calcium oxalate stone formers and 25 recurrent calcium oxalate stone formers. The experimental diet contained 445 mg of total oxalate, 163 mg of soluble oxalate and 115 mg of calcium. Urinary oxalate excretion was observed 2 hrs before and 6 hrs after the experimental diet was consumed. There was no significant difference in urinary oxalate excretion in preloading urine of normal subjects and stone formers. However, urinary oxalate excretion in postloading urine was significantly elevated in stone formers. This loading test is recommended as a simple and valuable screening method of hyperabsorption of oxalate on outpatients with calcium oxalate stones.