Motor conduction velocity (MCV) in the median, ulnar and peroneal nerves and H-reflex studies have been conducted in 50 diabetics aged 20-65 years and 25 controls. MCV in the upper limb was below the normal range in 16% of diabetics. 28% diabetics showed abnormal MCV in the peroneal nerve. H-reflex abnormality consisting of either prolonged latency or its complete absence could be observed in 54% of diabetics. The results indicate the greater sensitivity of H-reflex in the detection of sub-clinical diabetic neuropathy. Greater prevalence of neuropathy in the early onset diabetes than in the late onset type is also suggested.