A hamster-associated epizootic of lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus infection in medical center personnel at the University of Rochester in 1973 necessitated prompt termination of the Syrain hamster colony. Necropsies were performed on 130 hamsters, blood speciments were obtained from 60 for serotest, and viral isolation procedures were done on 47. Active virus infection, as shown by virus isolation, was associated with the presence of lymphoreticular infiltrate in liver and kidney. Intraabdominal lymphoma was seen only in groups of hamsters from which LCM virus was isolated, but LCM virus was not isolated from many of the hamsters with lymphoma. Although frequency of intraabdominal lymphoma could be markedly increased in LCM-positive hamsters treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, lymphoma was not induced in LCM-negative hamsters with this carcinogen.