In this study the experience in treating 213 patients suffering from chronic ischemia with improvement of the microcirculation has been discussed. Medicamental treatment of chronic ischemia in patients with various pathologiic alterations of the circulation is indicated in cases which do not indicate reconstructive surgery. In the abundance of measures adopted in the treatment of these pathologic conditions the authors summarize their experience with the use of Pentoxyphyllin (Trental). During 1976 theyy treated 213 patients with this drug: 142 patients with pathologically altereed arterial circulation 51 patients with pathologically altered venous circulation 20 patienst on whom transplantations using various tissue transplants were used. The plan of administration of the drug, its undesireable side effects and the manifesting vasoactive effects of trental at the microcirculatory level especially on the microcirculation in tissue with pathologicaly altered perfusions has been discussed. Based on the shortlasting and limeted experiences the authors conclude that this drug can be recommended in therapy for various conditions of pathologicaly altered tissues circulation.