Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF) is a distinct inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology. The aim of this study is to evaluate the serum levels of cytokines in 3 patients with EPF before and after treatment with indomethacin.
Serum levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) were elevated in patients with EPF. The remission of EPF was associated with increased serum concentrations of interferon gamma with no essential change of serum levels of IL-4.
These results suggest that subtle changes in serum levels of cytokines are involved in the remission of EPF and that indomethacin may provide the remission of EPF by altering cytokine production in patients with EPF.