Clusters of spontaneous abortion among video display terminal (VDT) users in North America and Canada in the late 1970s aroused suspicion about the potential risk of an association between VDT. exposure and pregnancy outcome. This case-control study considered the association between VDT use and the risk of miscarriage. Cases were 508 women admitted for spontaneous abortion to the Clinica Luigi Mangiagalli and a network of obstetric departments in the Milan area. Controls were 1,148 women who gave birth at term to healthy infants on randomly selected days at the same hospitals where cases were identified. No association emerged between VDT exposure and spontaneous abortion, the estimated odds ratio being 1.0 (95% CI: 0.8-1.2). This evidence agrees with studies conducted in different countries by various authors.