In adult horses, three myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms can be identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunohistochemistry using specific anti-MyHC monoclonal antibodies. This report studies the suitability of a consistent SDS-PAGE technique for quantifying MyHC profiles in homogenized cryostate sections of equine gluteus medius muscle biopsies (n = 18). The method used (previously described by R. J. Talmadge and R. R. Roy; J. Appl. Physiol. 1993, 75, 2337-2340) resolved MyHCs in three bands: I, IIB or IIX, and IIA from the fastest to the slowest migration band. The success rate of the protocol for yielding three well-differentiated MyHC bands was 100% and a subsequent quantification by densitometry for each MyHC isoform was obtained in all 18 muscle biopsies. The results obtained with this electrophoretic method were compared with routine myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase histochemistry and immunohistochemistry using specific anti-MyHC monoclonal antibodies. The percent composition of the three electrophoretically separated MyHC isoforms (I, IIA and IIB or IIX) showed strong positive correlation with percentages of the area occupied in the biopsies by the three major fiber types (I, IIA, and IIB) identified histochemically (r = 0.96, P < 0.001) and immunohistochemically (r = 0.94, P < 0.01). It can be concluded that the electrophoretic method used here for measuring MyHC content is a valid alternative for muscle fiber typing in horses. As it is less costly and time-consuming than both qualitative histochemistry and immunohistochemistry, the method offers new prospects for application in equine experimental studies and veterinary medicine.