The Roussy-Lévy syndrome (MIM #180800) was described in 1926 as a disorder presenting with pes cavus and tendon areflexia, distal limb weakness, tremor in the upper limbs, gait ataxia and distal sensory loss. We report a family with affected members in four generations, showing these clinical signs of Roussy-Lévy syndrome and a partial duplication at chromosome 17p11.2. This genetic defect is commonly found in patients with the hypertrophic form of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome. Our finding provides evidence against the Roussy-Lévy syndrome as a distinct entity but suggests a close relation with the Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome. What causes the additional features of gait ataxia and essential tremor needs further clarification.