Cutaneous electrogastrography (EGG) enables non-invasive recording of gastric electrical activity (GEA). Controversial EGG and ultrasonographic (US) results have been described in infants suffering from gastroesophageal reflux (GER). It was the aim of this study to investigate GEA using transcutaneous EGG in a group of infants free of symptoms indicative of GER and a group with GER (mean age 10 months, (range 3-36 months)) and to investigate gastric emptying in both groups using US. We also investigated possible correlations between EGG and US parameters of the gastric emptying curve. The EGG was recorded over a period of at least 120 min (60 min preprandial to 60 min postprandial). US measurements were made just after completion of the meal and then every 30 min up to 180 min. In infants with GER significantly more tachygastria occurred in the postprandial period when compared to healthy infants, in whom normogastria was predominantly observed (P < 0.05). The sonographically-measured gastric emptying curve could be defined in all infants using an exponential function. No significant differences between the groups were noted; there was no significant correlation between EGG parameters and the De Meester score or parameters of the sonographically-measured gastric emptying curve. From the results of this study, transcutaneous EGG recorded within the postprandial period can be of potential clinical value for non-invasive GER screening in infants. However, the EGG cannot be utilized to investigate gastric emptying in infants.