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10,765 results
  • Foraging habitat determines predator-prey size relationships in marine fishes. [Journal Article]
    J Fish Biol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Griffiths D
  • Predator-prey size (PPS) relationships are determined by predator behaviour, with the likelihood of prey being eaten dependent on their size relative to that of the consumer. Published PPS relationships for 30 pelagic or benthic marine fish species were analysed using quantile regression to determine how median, lower, and upper prey sizes varied with predator size and habitat. Habitat effects on…
  • Effect of food hardness on chewing behavior in children. [Journal Article]
    Clin Oral Investig. 2020 Jun 29 [Online ahead of print]Almotairy N, Kumar A, Grigoriadis A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Overall, it seems that children as young as 3-year-old are quite competent in performing basic chewing function similar to adults. Yet, there are differences in the anticipation or adaption of jaw muscle activity and jaw kinematics to food hardness.The study may have clinical implication in the diagnosis and management of children with chewing impairment associated with dental malocclusions and other orofacial dysfunctions.
  • Radical-Induced 1,2-Migrations of Boron Ate Complexes. [Review]
    Adv Synth Catal. 2020 May 26; 362(11):2077-2087.Kischkewitz M, Friese FW, Studer A
  • 1,2-Boron ate rearrangements represent a fundamental class of transformations to establish new C-C bonds while retaining the valuable boron moiety in the product. In established ionic processes, the boron ate complex is activated by an external electrophile to induce a 1,2-migration from boron to an adjacent sp3 or sp2 carbon atom. Recently, two complementary radical polar crossover approaches ha…
  • Daily lettuce supplements promote foraging behavior and modify the gut microbiota in captive frugivores. [Journal Article]
    Zoo Biol. 2020 Jul 01 [Online ahead of print]Greene LK, Clarke TA, … Ehmke EE
  • For captive primates, greater provisioning of leafy greens or foliage can promote natural foraging behavior while boosting fiber intake. Recalcitrant fiber, although minimally available to endogenous metabolism, is readily fermented into nutrients by gut microbes. Whereas most primates in captivity consume fiber-limited diets and harbor imbalanced gut microbiota compared to their wild conspecific…
  • Associations between feeding practices in infancy and fruit and vegetable consumption in childhood. [Journal Article]
    Br J Nutr. 2020 Jun 30 [Online ahead of print]Moss KM, Dobson AJ, … Mishra GD
  • A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of chronic diseases. However, in many countries the majority of children do not eat the recommended quantities of fruits and vegetables. This study aimed to understand associations between feeding practices in infancy (breastfeeding and first complementary food) and fruit and vegetable consumption in childhood (frequency and variety). Data w…
  • Functionalized MoS2-nanoparticles for transdermal drug delivery of atenolol. [Journal Article]
    Drug Deliv. 2020 Dec; 27(1):909-916.Zhang K, Zhuang Y, … Liu X
  • Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has excellent photothermal conversion abilities, an ultra-high specific surface area, and has been extensively explored for use in biomedicine. However, the high toxicity associated with MoS2 has limited its biological applications for in vivo photothermal therapy and drug delivery systems. Herein, we have developed cationic hydroxyethyl cellulose (JR400) surface-modif…
  • Low socioeconomic status and eating in the absence of hunger in children aged 3-14. [Journal Article]
    Appetite. 2020 Jun 21 [Online ahead of print]Proffitt Leyva RP, Mengelkoch S, … Hill SE
  • A growing body of research indicates that one's early life experiences may play an important role in regulating patterns of energy intake in adulthood. In particular, adults who grew up under conditions characterized by low socioeconomic status (SES) tend to eat in the absence of hunger (EAH), a pattern that is not generally observed among higher-SES individuals. In the current study, we sought t…
  • Synthesis of 1,3-Bis-(boryl)alkanes via Boronic Ester-Induced Consecutive Double 1,2-Migration. [Journal Article]
    Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2020 Jun 24 [Online ahead of print]You C, Studer A
  • A general and efficient approach for the preparation of 1,3-bis-(boryl)alkanes is introduced. It is shown that readily generated vinylboron ate complexes react with commercially available ICH 2 Bpin to valuable 1,3-bis-(boryl)alkanes. The introduced transformation which is experimentally easy to conduct shows broad substrate scope and high functional group tolerance. Mechanistic studies reveal th…
  • Lifestyle risk factors and comorbidities of cancer patients in a country with limited resources. [Journal Article]
    Med Glas (Zenica). 2020 Aug 01; 17(2)Mlačo N, Šljivo A, … Cerić T
  • Aim To investigate quality of life and exposure to lifestyle risk factors of cancer patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina and a correlation of cancer type with lifestyle risk factors. Methods This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 200 cancer patients from the Clinical Centre of the University of Sarajevo. The respondents completed an anonymous questionnaire consisting of seven sections: basic…
  • Breakfast consumption-related attitudes among girl adolescents: applying an indirect measurement. [Journal Article]
    Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2020 Jun 06 [Online ahead of print]Sakineh R, Mohtasham G, … Nasrin S
  • Objectives Desirable nutrition and breakfast intake have a major contribution to nutritional needs of students. Empirical evidence has shown that breakfast removal has an unpleasant effect on cognitive and perceptual performance of individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the Iranian students' attitudes about breakfast consumption and its related factors. Methods In this descriptive & …
  • Synthetic biology open language visual (SBOL visual) version 2.2. [Journal Article]
    J Integr Bioinform. 2020 Jun 10 [Online ahead of print]Baig H, Fontanarossa P, … Myers C
  • People who are engineering biological organisms often find it useful to communicate in diagrams, both about the structure of the nucleic acid sequences that they are engineering and about the functional relationships between sequence features and other molecular species. Some typical practices and conventions have begun to emerge for such diagrams. The Synthetic Biology Open Language Visual (SBOL…
  • The core genome multi-locus sequence typing of Mycoplasma anserisalpingitidis. [Journal Article]
    BMC Genomics. 2020 Jun 15; 21(1):403.Kovács ÁB, Kreizinger Z, … Gyuranecz M
  • CONCLUSIONS: The Neighbor joining tree from the cgMLST schema closely resembled the real-life spatial and temporal relationships of the strains. The incongruences between background data and the cgMLST profile in the strains from the same integration can be because of the higher probability of contacts between the flocks. This schema can help with the epidemiological investigation and can be used as a basis for further studies.
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