- Both Oleanolic Acid and a Mixture of Oleanolic and Ursolic Acids Mimic the Effects of Fructus ligustri lucidi on Bone Properties and Circulating 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol in Ovariectomized Rats. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Nutr 2018 Nov 06
- CONCLUSIONS: Similar to FLL, OA and OA + UA increase bone properties, serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentration, and calcium use in ovariectomized rats, suggesting their potential role in management of osteoporosis.
- Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field from mobile phone on serum hepcidin and iron status in male albino rats. [Journal Article]
- EBElectromagn Biol Med 2018 Nov 02; :1-8
- CONCLUSIONS: Chronic exposure to EMF from mobile phones increases hepcidin level with subsequent impairment of iron parameters, in addition to negatively affecting both UIBC and TIBC.
- Vitamin D improves vascular function and decreases monoamine oxidase A expression in experimental diabetes. [Journal Article]
- MCMol Cell Biochem 2018 Aug 30
- The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D3), was reported to improve vascular function in patients with diabetes, yet the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucid...
The active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D3), was reported to improve vascular function in patients with diabetes, yet the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Monoamine oxidase (MAO), a mitochondrial enzyme, with two isoforms (A and B) that generates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as by-product, has been recently reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. The present study assessed the interaction between vitamin D and MAO in the vascular wall in the setting of type 1 experimental diabetes. To this aim, diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats via a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg, IP) and 1 month later thoracic aortas were harvested and used for organ bath studies and H2O2 measurements. MAO expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Endothelial function was evaluated in isolated aortic rings in the absence vs. presence of 1,25(OH)2D3 (100 nM, 24 h incubation). In diabetic animals, we found a significant reduction in the endothelial-dependent relaxation to acetylcholine and an increased expression of the MAO-A isoform, respectively. Vitamin D significantly improved vascular function, mitigated oxidative stress and decreased MAO-A expression in diabetic vascular preparations. In conclusion, MAO-A is induced in diabetic aortas and vitamin D can improve diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction by modulating the MAO-A expression.
- Clinical characteristics associated with bone mineral density improvement after 1-year alendronate/vitamin d3 or calcitriol treatment: Exploratory results from a phase 3, randomized, controlled trial on postmenopausal osteoporotic women in China. [Randomized Controlled Trial]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(31):e11694
- Baseline and on-treatment characteristics, including age, obesity, calcium intake, and bone turnover markers, may predict the bone mineral density (BMD) response in women with postmenopausal osteopor...
Baseline and on-treatment characteristics, including age, obesity, calcium intake, and bone turnover markers, may predict the bone mineral density (BMD) response in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) to 1 to 2 years of antiresorptive therapy and/or vitamin D supplementation. This study aimed to explore clinical characteristics associated with 12-month BMD improvement in Chinese women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO).In this post hoc analysis of a previous phase 3 multicenter, randomized controlled trial, Chinese PMO women who were treated with once weekly alendronate 70 mg/vitamin D3 5600 IU (ALN/D5600) or once daily calcitriol 0.25 mcg, and had measurements of 1-year lumbar spine BMD (LS-BMD) and on-treatment bone turnover markers (BTMs) were included in the analysis.In Chinese PMO patients on ALN/D5600, 1-year LS-BMD change was negatively correlated with age (β = -0.00084, P < .01), dietary calcium (β = -0.0017, P = .07), and procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) change at month 6 (β = -0.000469, P = .0016), but positively with body mass index (BMI) (β = 0.00128, P = .08); baseline P1NP above the median was associated with a significantly greater BMD percentage change at the lumbar spine (P = .02) and the total hip (P = .0001). In the calcitriol group, a significant 1-year LS-BMD increase was associated with BMI (β = 0.0023, P = .02), baseline P1NP (β = 0.00035, P = .0067), history of prior vertebral fracture(s) (β = 0.034, P < .0001) and baseline serum 25(OH)D level (β = -0.00083, P = .02).The presented findings from Chinese postmenopausal osteoporotic women suggested clinically meaningful baseline and on-treatment characteristics predicting BMD improvement after 1 year of ALN/D5600 treatment, which differed from calcitriol treatment with baseline identifiable associations. The study remained exploratory and further accumulation of evidence is needed.
- Enhanced Response of Acute Monocytic Leukemia Cells to Low-dose Cytarabine by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. [Journal Article]
- CMCurr Med Sci 2018; 38(1):35-42
- Low-dose cytarabine combined with differentiating or DNA hypomethylating agents, such as vitamin D compounds, is a potential regimen to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who are unfit for h...
Low-dose cytarabine combined with differentiating or DNA hypomethylating agents, such as vitamin D compounds, is a potential regimen to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who are unfit for high-intensity chemotherapy. The present study aimed to determine which subset of AML would be most responsive to low-dose cytarabine with the differentiating agent 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3). Here, firstly, cBioPortal database was used and we found out that vitamin D receptor (VDR) was highly expressed in acute monocytic leukemia (M5) and high VDR expression was associated with a poor survival of AML patients. Then, we confirmed that 1,25-D3 at clinical available concentration could induce more significant differentiation in acute monocytic leukemia cell lines (U937, MOLM-13, THP-1) and blasts from M5 patients than in non-monocytic cell lines (KGla and K562) and blasts from M2 patient. Finally, it was shown that the combination of 1,25-D3 and low-dose cytarabine further increased the differentiating rate, growth inhibition and G0/G1 arrest, while mild changes were found in the apoptosis in acute monocytic leukemia cell lines. Our study demonstrates that the enhanced response of acute monocytic leukemia cells to low-dose cytarabine by 1,25-D3 might indicate a novel therapeutic direction for patients with acute monocytic leukemia, especially for elderly and frail ones.
- Calcitriol and Calcidiol Can Sensitize Melanoma Cells to Low⁻LET Proton Beam Irradiation. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Mol Sci 2018 Jul 31; 19(8)
- Proton beam irradiation promises therapeutic utility in the management of uveal melanoma. Calcitriol (1,25(OH)₂D₃)-the biologically active metabolite of vitamin D₃-and its precursor, calcidiol (25(OH...
Proton beam irradiation promises therapeutic utility in the management of uveal melanoma. Calcitriol (1,25(OH)₂D₃)-the biologically active metabolite of vitamin D₃-and its precursor, calcidiol (25(OH)D₃), exert pleiotropic effects on melanoma cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of both calcitriol and calcidiol on melanoma cell proliferation and their response to proton beam irradiation. Three melanoma cell lines (human SKMEL-188 and hamster BHM Ma and BHM Ab), pre-treated with 1,25(OH)₂D₃ or 25(OH)D₃ at graded concentrations (0, 10, 100 nM), were irradiated with 0⁻5 Gy and then cultured in vitro. Growth curves were determined by counting the cell number every 24 h up to 120 h, which was used to calculate surviving fractions. The obtained survival curves were analysed using two standard models: linear-quadratic and multi-target single hit. Calcitriol inhibited human melanoma proliferation at 10 nM, while only calcidiol inhibited proliferation of hamster lines at 10 and 100 nM doses. Treatment with either 1,25(OH)₂D₃ or 25(OH)D₃ radio sensitized melanoma cells to low doses of proton beam radiation. The strength of the effect increased with the concentration of vitamin D₃. Our data suggest that vitamin D₃ may be an adjuvant that modifies proton beam efficiency during melanoma therapy.
- The D-vitamin metabolite 1,25(OH)2 D in serum is associated with disease activity and Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies in active and treatment naïve, early Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients. [Clinical Trial]
- SJScand J Immunol 2018; 88(3):e12704
- CONCLUSIONS: The vitamin D metabolite 1,25(OH)2 D was inversely associated with disease activity and positively associated with ACPA in treatment naïve and inflammatory active early RA. The results indicate that in RA, both the degree of inflammatory activity, and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity might affect-or might be affected by the level of vitamin 1,25(OH)2 D.
- Serum markers for asymptomatic atherosclerosis in Egyptian psoriatic patients: study controlled by Doppler estimation of carotid intima-media thickness. [Journal Article]
- VHVasc Health Risk Manag 2018; 14:145-152
- CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum levels of endocan and MPO and low 1,25(OH)2D3 levels may underlie the development of psoriasis-related cardiac manifestations. Elevated serum endocan and low 1,25(OH)2D3 levels could be used as early predictors of increased CIMT, which is a pathognomonic feature of AAS.
- Impact of 1,25(OH) 2 D 3 on TG content in liver of rats with type 2 diabetes. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Cir Bras 2018; 33(6):542-550
- CONCLUSIONS: 1,25(OH)2D3 can decrease the content of TG in the liver, and its mechanism may be achieved by upregulating the expressions of AdipoR2, p38MAPK, and LPL in the liver.
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- The impact of the vitamin D-modulated epigenome on VDR target gene regulation. [Journal Article]
- BBBiochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech 2018; 1861(8):697-705
- The micronutrient vitamin D significantly modulates the human epigenome via enhancing genome-wide the rate of accessible chromatin and vitamin D receptor (VDR) binding. This study focuses on histone ...
The micronutrient vitamin D significantly modulates the human epigenome via enhancing genome-wide the rate of accessible chromatin and vitamin D receptor (VDR) binding. This study focuses on histone marks of active chromatin at promoter and enhancer regions and investigates, whether these genomic loci are sensitive to vitamin D. The epigenome of THP-1 human monocytes contains nearly 23,000 sites with H3K4me3 histone modifications, 550 of which sites are significantly (p < 0.05) modulated by stimulation with the VDR ligand 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3). H3K27ac histone modifications mark active chromatin and 2473 of 45,500 sites are vitamin D sensitive. The two types of ligand-dependent histone marks allow to distinguish promoter and enhancer regulation by vitamin D, respectively. Transcription start site overlap is the prime attribute of ligand-dependent H3K4me3 marks, while VDR co-location is the top ranking parameter describing 1,25(OH)2D3-sensitive H3K27ac marks at enhancers. A categorization of 1,25(OH)2D3-sensitive histone marks by machine learning algorithms - using the attributes overall peak strength and ligand inducibility - highlights 260 and 287 regions with H3K4me3 and H3K27ac modifications, respectively. These loci are found at the promoter regions of 59 vitamin D target genes and their associated enhancers. In this way, ligand-dependent histone marks provide a link of the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the epigenome with previously reported mRNA expression changes of vitamin D target genes. In conclusion, the human epigenome responds also on the level of histone modifications to 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation. This allows a more detailed understanding of vitamin D target gene regulation.