Download the Free Prime PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.

Available for iPhone or iPad:

Unbound PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPadAlso Available:
Unbound PubMed app for Android

Available for Mac and Windows Desktops and laptops:

Unbound PubMed app for WindowsUnbound PubMed app for MAC OS Yosemite Macbook Air pro
82 results
  • International comparative field study evaluating the assay performance of AFSTYLA in plasma samples at clinical hemostasis laboratories. [Journal Article]
  • JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(3):555-564
  • St Ledger K, Feussner A, … Friedman KD
  • CONCLUSIONS: Introduction AFSTYLA (antihemophilic factor [recombinant] single chain) is a novel B-domain truncated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII). For AFSTYLA, an approximate 50% discrepancy was observed between results of the one-stage (OS) and chromogenic substrate (ChS) FVIII activity assays. An investigation was undertaken to test whether there is a linear relationship between ChS and OS assay results that would allow reliable clinical interpretation of results independent of the assay method used. Aims To provide confidence in future clinical monitoring, this field study investigated the performance of AFSTYLA and a full-length rFVIII (Advate® ) in FVIII activity assays routinely performed in clinical laboratories. Methods The comparison of AFSTYLA and Advate was performed in an international, multicenter and blinded field study of simulated post-infusion samples. The study documented the extent of variability between methods and laboratories and characterized the relationship between the ChS and OS assays. Results Results from 23 laboratories demonstrate that intra and interlaboratory variability in OS assays were similar for both products. When comparing within the OS assay format, there was a similar and reagent-correlated variability in response to different activators for both AFSTYLA and Advate. The OS underestimation was highly predictable and consistent across the complete range of FVIII plasma concentrations. Conclusion Post-infusion plasma AFSTYLA levels can be monitored in patients by the OS and ChS assays. The consistent and predictable difference between the two assay formats provides clinicians with adequate guidance on how to interpret the results of the OS assay using a single conversion factor.
  • Identification of aggregates in therapeutic formulations of recombinant full-length factor VIII products by sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation. [Journal Article]
  • JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(2):303-315
  • Healey JF, Parker ET, Lollar P
  • CONCLUSIONS: Background The development of inhibitory anti-factor VIII antibodies is the most serious complication in the management of patients with hemophilia A. Studies have suggested that recombinant full-length FVIII is more immunogenic than plasma-derived FVIII, and that, among recombinant FVIII products, Kogenate is more immunogenic than Advate. Aggregates in biopharmaceutical products are considered a risk factor for the development of anti-drug antibodies. Objective To evaluate recombinant full-length FVIII products for the presence of aggregates. Methods Advate, Helixate and Kogenate were reconstituted to their therapeutic formulations, and subjected to sedimentation velocity (SV) analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC). Additionally, Advate and Kogenate were concentrated and subjected to buffer exchange by ultrafiltration to remove viscous cosolvents for the purpose of measuring s20,w values and molecular weights. Results The major component of all three products was a population of ~7.5 S heterodimers with a weight-average molecular weight of ~230 kDa. Helixate and Kogenate contained aggregates ranging from 12 S to at least 100 S, representing ≈ 20% of the protein mass. Aggregates greater than 12 S represented < 3% of the protein mass in Advate. An approximately 10.5 S aggregate, possibly representing a dimer of heterodimers, was identified in buffer-exchanged Advate and Kogenate. SV AUC analysis of a plasma-derived FVIII product was confounded by the presence of von Willebrand factor in molar excess over FVIII. Conclusions Aggregate formation has been identified in recombinant full-length FVIII products, and is more extensive in Helixate and Kogenate than in Advate. SV AUC is an important method for characterizing FVIII products.
New Search Next