- Evaluating the thrombin generation profiles of four different rFVIII products in FVIII-deficient plasma using FIXa and FXIa activation. [Journal Article]
- HHaemophilia 2018; 24(5):815-822
- CONCLUSIONS: Both FIXa- and FXIa activation results in similar TGA profiles across a FVIII range of 0.1%-33%; however, FIXa activation was more robust at the lowest levels of FVIII compared with FXIa activation.
- Value of prophylaxis vs on-demand treatment: Application of a value framework in hemophilia. [Journal Article]
- HHaemophilia 2018; 24(5):755-765
- CONCLUSIONS: The hemophilia value framework affirmed value of primary and secondary prophylaxis vs on-demand therapy, with clinical benefit demonstrated in all three tiers. This analysis also demonstrates clinical utility of the value framework process in the determination of optimal and cost-effective hemophilia care for all stakeholders.
- Inhibitor development, safety, and efficacy of Advate® in previously untreated patients with hemophilia A in a postmarketing surveillance in Japan. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hematol 2018 Jul 24
- Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant Factor VIII: AdvateⓇ) is available for the control of bleeding in patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of prophylact...
Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant Factor VIII: AdvateⓇ) is available for the control of bleeding in patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the immunogenicity, safety, and efficacy of prophylactic and on-demand use of rurioctocog alfa, postmarketing surveillance was conducted on 114 previously untreated Japanese patients aged 0-82 years with ≤ 3 exposure days under the conditions of routine clinical practice. A post-hoc comparison of mean annualized bleeding rates between patients in the regular prophylaxis group (7.4 bleeds/year) and in the on-demand treatment group (15.7 bleeds/year) using a negative binomial model found a statistically significant difference (P = 0.0164) in the subset of patients with severe hemophilia A. Favorable prophylactic and on-demand hemostatic efficacy ("excellent" or "good") was shown in 71.4-88.5% across all treatment regimens. A total of 31 events of adverse drug reactions were reported. Of 114 patients, 21 (18.4%) developed de novo FVIII inhibitor; of these, 17 occurred within 50 exposures. One death was reported. A family history of positive inhibitors was significantly associated with inhibitor development (Fisher exact P value = 0.0004); no other risk factors were identified. Rurioctocog alfa was found to be well-tolerated and effective in previously untreated Japanese patients with hemophilia A in this postmarketing surveillance of routine clinical practice.
- Improvement in clinical outcomes and replacement factor VIII use in patients with haemophilia A after factor VIII pharmacokinetic-guided prophylaxis based on Bayesian models with myPKFiT®. [Journal Article]
- HHaemophilia 2018; 24(5):e338-e343
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that PK-guided prophylaxis using myPKFiT® improved clinical outcomes and optimized FVIII consumption in the study population. This personalized approach may reduce bleeding rates without significantly increasing the overall cost of FVIII therapy.
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [BOOK]
- BOOKNational Library of Medicine (US): Bethesda (MD)
- No information is available on the clinical use of antihemophilic factor (coagulation factor VIII) during breastfeeding. Because it is a large protein molecule, the amount in milk is likely to be ver...
No information is available on the clinical use of antihemophilic factor (coagulation factor VIII) during breastfeeding. Because it is a large protein molecule, the amount in milk is likely to be very low and absorption is unlikely because it is probably destroyed in the infant's gastrointestinal tract. Until more data become available, antihemophilic factor should be used with caution during breastfeeding, especially while nursing a newborn or preterm infant.
- Biochemical characterization and immunogenicity of Neureight, a recombinant full-length factor VIII produced by fed-batch process in disposable bioreactors. [Journal Article]
- CICell Immunol 2018; 331:22-29
- Hemophilia A is a X-linked recessive bleeding disorder consecutive to the lack of circulating pro-coagulant factor VIII (FVIII). The most efficient strategy to treat or prevent bleeding in patients w...
Hemophilia A is a X-linked recessive bleeding disorder consecutive to the lack of circulating pro-coagulant factor VIII (FVIII). The most efficient strategy to treat or prevent bleeding in patients with hemophilia A relies on replacement therapy using exogenous FVIII. Commercially available recombinant FVIII are produced using an expensive perfusion technology in stainless steel fermenters. A fed-batch fermentation technology was recently developed to produce 'Neureight', a full-length recombinant human FVIII, in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Here, we investigated the structural and functional integrity and lack of increased immunogenicity of Neureight, as compared to two commercially available full-length FVIII products, Helixate and Advate, produced in baby hamster kidney or CHO cells, respectively. Our results demonstrate the purity, stability and functional integrity of Neureight with a standard specific activity of 4235 ± 556 IU/mg. The glycosylation and sulfation profiles of Neureight were similar to that of Advate, with the absence of the antigenic carbohydrate epitopes α-Gal and Neu5Gc, and with sulfation of Y1680, that is critical for FVIII binding to von Willebrand factor (VWF). The endocytosis of Neureight by human immature dendritic cells was inhibited by VWF, and its half-life in FVIII-deficient mice was similar to that of Advate, confirming unaltered binding to VWF. In vitro and in vivo assays indicated a similar immunogenicity for Neureight, Advate and Helixate. In conclusion, the production of full-length FVIII in a fed-batch fermentation mode generates a product that presents similar biochemical, functional and immunogenic properties as products developed using the classical perfusion technology.
- Factor VIII products and inhibitor development in previously treated patients with severe or moderately severe hemophilia A: a systematic review. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(6):1055-1068
- CONCLUSIONS: Background Patients with severe hemophilia A who have been treated extensively with factor VIII products have a low but potentially serious risk of inhibitor development. It is unknown why these patients develop inhibitors, and data on product-related immunogenicity are scarce. Aims To summarize the currently available evidence on the relationship between inhibitor development and recombinant FVIII product type in previously treated patients (PTPs) with severe hemophilia A. Methods Longitudinal studies were included that reported on de novo inhibitor formation in patients with baseline FVIII activity levels of < 0.02 IU mL-1 who had been treated with FVIII for at least 50 days. Pooled incidence rates of inhibitor development according to product types were calculated with a random intercept Poisson regression model. Results Forty-one independent cohorts were included; 39 patients developed de novo inhibitors during 19 157 person-years of observation. The overall incidence rate was 2.06 per 1000 person-years, with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.06-4.01. According to product type, the pooled incidence rates were 0.99 (95% CI 0.37-2.70) per 1000 person-years for patients treated with Advate, 5.86 (95% CI 0.25-134.92) per 1000 person-years for those treated with Kogenate/Helixate, 1.35 (95% CI 0.66-2.77) per 1000 person-years for those treated with Kogenate FS/Helixate NexGen, 12.05 (95% CI 1.53-94.78) per 1000 person-years for those treated with Refacto, and 4.64 (95% CI 0.82-26.43) per 1000 person-years for those treated with Refacto AF. Conclusion These results suggest that some products may be associated with increased immunogenicity. However, the low incidence of inhibitors in PTPs and the differences in study design may cause significant variation in estimates of risk.
- Perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of Advate® in patients with hemophilia A in a postmarketing surveillance in Japan. [Clinical Trial]
- IJInt J Hematol 2018; 108(1):22-29
- Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant factor VIII: Advate®) is available for the control of bleeding among patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of...
Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant factor VIII: Advate®) is available for the control of bleeding among patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of Advate®, a postmarketing surveillance was conducted in Japanese patients undergoing surgery in a real-world setting. A total of 74 surgical procedures performed in 58 subjects aged 0-75 years, including three females, were studied. A hemostatic efficacy rating of "excellent" or "good" was reported in 73/74 surgical procedures (98.6%). Perioperative bleeding was successfully controlled by Advate® in five subjects with positive FVIII inhibitors (2.4-9.1 BU/mL). Advate® was administered at higher initial bolus doses (114-385 IU/kg) and at higher rates by subsequent initial continuous infusion (8.3-15 IU/kg/hour) in the five subjects with inhibitor than in the subjects without inhibitor (n = 47; mean initial bolus dose: 53.4 IU/kg; subsequent mean initial continuous infusion: 3.8 IU/kg/h). Adverse drug reactions were reported in 7/74 (9.5%) procedures, two of which were the development of de novo FVIII inhibitors. Overall, the perioperative use of Advate® in a real-world setting was found to be safe and effective among Japanese patients with hemophilia A.
- Cross-evaluation of Pharmacokinetic-Guided Dosing Tools for Factor VIII. [Journal Article]
- THThromb Haemost 2018; 118(3):514-525
- CONCLUSIONS: The three evaluated PK tools produced different PK parameters and doses for recombinant FVIII. Haematologists should be aware that recommended doses may be influenced by the choice of PK tool.
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- International comparative field study evaluating the assay performance of AFSTYLA in plasma samples at clinical hemostasis laboratories. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(3):555-564
- CONCLUSIONS: Introduction AFSTYLA (antihemophilic factor [recombinant] single chain) is a novel B-domain truncated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII). For AFSTYLA, an approximate 50% discrepancy was observed between results of the one-stage (OS) and chromogenic substrate (ChS) FVIII activity assays. An investigation was undertaken to test whether there is a linear relationship between ChS and OS assay results that would allow reliable clinical interpretation of results independent of the assay method used. Aims To provide confidence in future clinical monitoring, this field study investigated the performance of AFSTYLA and a full-length rFVIII (Advate® ) in FVIII activity assays routinely performed in clinical laboratories. Methods The comparison of AFSTYLA and Advate was performed in an international, multicenter and blinded field study of simulated post-infusion samples. The study documented the extent of variability between methods and laboratories and characterized the relationship between the ChS and OS assays. Results Results from 23 laboratories demonstrate that intra and interlaboratory variability in OS assays were similar for both products. When comparing within the OS assay format, there was a similar and reagent-correlated variability in response to different activators for both AFSTYLA and Advate. The OS underestimation was highly predictable and consistent across the complete range of FVIII plasma concentrations. Conclusion Post-infusion plasma AFSTYLA levels can be monitored in patients by the OS and ChS assays. The consistent and predictable difference between the two assay formats provides clinicians with adequate guidance on how to interpret the results of the OS assay using a single conversion factor.