- Biochemical characterization and immunogenicity of Neureight, a recombinant full-length factor VIII produced by fed-batch process in disposable bioreactors. [Journal Article]
- CICell Immunol 2018 May 05
- Hemophilia A is a X-linked recessive bleeding disorder consecutive to the lack of circulating pro-coagulant factor VIII (FVIII). The most efficient strategy to treat or prevent bleeding in patients w...
Hemophilia A is a X-linked recessive bleeding disorder consecutive to the lack of circulating pro-coagulant factor VIII (FVIII). The most efficient strategy to treat or prevent bleeding in patients with hemophilia A relies on replacement therapy using exogenous FVIII. Commercially available recombinant FVIII are produced using an expensive perfusion technology in stainless steel fermenters. A fed-batch fermentation technology was recently developed to produce 'Neureight', a full-length recombinant human FVIII, in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Here, we investigated the structural and functional integrity and lack of increased immunogenicity of Neureight, as compared to two commercially available full-length FVIII products, Helixate and Advate, produced in baby hamster kidney or CHO cells, respectively. Our results demonstrate the purity, stability and functional integrity of Neureight with a standard specific activity of 4235 ± 556 IU/mg. The glycosylation and sulfation profiles of Neureight were similar to that of Advate, with the absence of the antigenic carbohydrate epitopes α-Gal and Neu5Gc, and with sulfation of Y1680, that is critical for FVIII binding to von Willebrand factor (VWF). The endocytosis of Neureight by human immature dendritic cells was inhibited by VWF, and its half-life in FVIII-deficient mice was similar to that of Advate, confirming unaltered binding to VWF. In vitro and in vivo assays indicated a similar immunogenicity for Neureight, Advate and Helixate. In conclusion, the production of full-length FVIII in a fed-batch fermentation mode generates a product that presents similar biochemical, functional and immunogenic properties as products developed using the classical perfusion technology.
- Factor VIII products and inhibitor development in previously treated patients with severe or moderately severe haemophilia A: a systematic review. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018 Apr 17
- CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that some products may be associated with increased immunogenicity. However, the low incidence of inhibitors in PTPs and the differences in study design may cause significant variation in estimates of risk. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of Advate® in patients with hemophilia A in a postmarketing surveillance in Japan. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hematol 2018 Mar 28
- Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant factor VIII: Advate®) is available for the control of bleeding among patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of...
Rurioctocog alfa (recombinant factor VIII: Advate®) is available for the control of bleeding among patients with hemophilia A in Japan. To evaluate the perioperative safety and hemostatic efficacy of Advate®, a postmarketing surveillance was conducted in Japanese patients undergoing surgery in a real-world setting. A total of 74 surgical procedures performed in 58 subjects aged 0-75 years, including three females, were studied. A hemostatic efficacy rating of "excellent" or "good" was reported in 73/74 surgical procedures (98.6%). Perioperative bleeding was successfully controlled by Advate® in five subjects with positive FVIII inhibitors (2.4-9.1 BU/mL). Advate® was administered at higher initial bolus doses (114-385 IU/kg) and at higher rates by subsequent initial continuous infusion (8.3-15 IU/kg/hour) in the five subjects with inhibitor than in the subjects without inhibitor (n = 47; mean initial bolus dose: 53.4 IU/kg; subsequent mean initial continuous infusion: 3.8 IU/kg/h). Adverse drug reactions were reported in 7/74 (9.5%) procedures, two of which were the development of de novo FVIII inhibitors. Overall, the perioperative use of Advate® in a real-world setting was found to be safe and effective among Japanese patients with hemophilia A.
- Cross-evaluation of Pharmacokinetic-Guided Dosing Tools for Factor VIII. [Journal Article]
- THThromb Haemost 2018; 118(3):514-525
- CONCLUSIONS: The three evaluated PK tools produced different PK parameters and doses for recombinant FVIII. Haematologists should be aware that recommended doses may be influenced by the choice of PK tool.
- International comparative field study evaluating the assay performance of AFSTYLA in plasma samples at clinical hemostasis laboratories. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(3):555-564
- CONCLUSIONS: Introduction AFSTYLA (antihemophilic factor [recombinant] single chain) is a novel B-domain truncated recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII). For AFSTYLA, an approximate 50% discrepancy was observed between results of the one-stage (OS) and chromogenic substrate (ChS) FVIII activity assays. An investigation was undertaken to test whether there is a linear relationship between ChS and OS assay results that would allow reliable clinical interpretation of results independent of the assay method used. Aims To provide confidence in future clinical monitoring, this field study investigated the performance of AFSTYLA and a full-length rFVIII (Advate® ) in FVIII activity assays routinely performed in clinical laboratories. Methods The comparison of AFSTYLA and Advate was performed in an international, multicenter and blinded field study of simulated post-infusion samples. The study documented the extent of variability between methods and laboratories and characterized the relationship between the ChS and OS assays. Results Results from 23 laboratories demonstrate that intra and interlaboratory variability in OS assays were similar for both products. When comparing within the OS assay format, there was a similar and reagent-correlated variability in response to different activators for both AFSTYLA and Advate. The OS underestimation was highly predictable and consistent across the complete range of FVIII plasma concentrations. Conclusion Post-infusion plasma AFSTYLA levels can be monitored in patients by the OS and ChS assays. The consistent and predictable difference between the two assay formats provides clinicians with adequate guidance on how to interpret the results of the OS assay using a single conversion factor.
- Identification of aggregates in therapeutic formulations of recombinant full-length factor VIII products by sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Haemost 2018; 16(2):303-315
- CONCLUSIONS: Background The development of inhibitory anti-factor VIII antibodies is the most serious complication in the management of patients with hemophilia A. Studies have suggested that recombinant full-length FVIII is more immunogenic than plasma-derived FVIII, and that, among recombinant FVIII products, Kogenate is more immunogenic than Advate. Aggregates in biopharmaceutical products are considered a risk factor for the development of anti-drug antibodies. Objective To evaluate recombinant full-length FVIII products for the presence of aggregates. Methods Advate, Helixate and Kogenate were reconstituted to their therapeutic formulations, and subjected to sedimentation velocity (SV) analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC). Additionally, Advate and Kogenate were concentrated and subjected to buffer exchange by ultrafiltration to remove viscous cosolvents for the purpose of measuring s20,w values and molecular weights. Results The major component of all three products was a population of ~7.5 S heterodimers with a weight-average molecular weight of ~230 kDa. Helixate and Kogenate contained aggregates ranging from 12 S to at least 100 S, representing ≈ 20% of the protein mass. Aggregates greater than 12 S represented < 3% of the protein mass in Advate. An approximately 10.5 S aggregate, possibly representing a dimer of heterodimers, was identified in buffer-exchanged Advate and Kogenate. SV AUC analysis of a plasma-derived FVIII product was confounded by the presence of von Willebrand factor in molar excess over FVIII. Conclusions Aggregate formation has been identified in recombinant full-length FVIII products, and is more extensive in Helixate and Kogenate than in Advate. SV AUC is an important method for characterizing FVIII products.
- Pattern of bleeding in a large prospective cohort of haemophilia A patients: A three-year follow-up of the AHEAD (Advate in HaEmophilia A outcome Database) study. [Journal Article]
- HHaemophilia 2018; 24(1):85-96
- CONCLUSIONS: These data confirm that the goal of zero bleeds is achievable, although not yet achieved in all patients. Understanding reasons behind the lower response to standard prophylaxis regimens in some patients and personalizing prophylactic treatment may further improve outcome in patients with haemophilia A.
- Analyses of the FranceCoag cohort support differences in immunogenicity among one plasma-derived and two recombinant factor VIII brands in boys with severe hemophilia A. [Journal Article]
- HHaematologica 2018; 103(1):179-189
- Around one third of boys with severe hemophilia A develop inhibitors (neutralizing antibodies) against their therapeutic factor VIII product. This adverse effect may result in more life-threatening b...
Around one third of boys with severe hemophilia A develop inhibitors (neutralizing antibodies) against their therapeutic factor VIII product. This adverse effect may result in more life-threatening bleeding, disability, impaired quality of life, and costly care. We compared the incidence of inhibitors in boys treated with the three factor VIII products most used in France: one plasma-derived (Factane) and two recombinant products (Advate and Kogenate Bayer). A previously untreated cohort of patients was created in 1994 to investigate risk factors for inhibitor development. We selected boys with severe hemophilia A (factor VIII <1 IU/dL) first treated with one of the three factor VIII products studied. Details of product infusions, inhibitor assays and main fixed and time-varying inhibitor risk factors were recorded for the first 75 exposure days. Three outcomes (all inhibitors, high-titer inhibitors and subsequently treated inhibitors) were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox models. We studied 395 boys first treated between 2001 and 2016 (131, 137, and 127 with Factane, Advate, and Kogenate Bayer, respectively). Clinically significant inhibitors were diagnosed in 121 patients (70 high-titer). The incidence of high-titer inhibitors was significantly associated with the factor VIII product received (P=0.005): the cumulative incidence at 75 exposure days was 12.7% (95% CI: 7.7-20.6) with Factane, 20.4% (95% CI: 14.0-29.1) with Advate, and 31.6% (95% CI: 23.5-41.7) with Kogenate Bayer. The low inhibitor incidence observed with Factane is concordant with recent findings from the SIPPET randomized trial. These consistent results from observational and experimental studies should lead to improved care for previously untreated patients and cost savings for healthcare systems worldwide.
- Efficacy of Octocog Alfa (Advate) in a Child with Type 3 von Willebrand Disease and Alloantibodies. [Case Reports]
- JCJ Clin Med 2017 Sep 18; 6(9)
- Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most frequent inherited bleeding disorder and is caused by either a quantitative and/or qualitative defect of the multimeric glycoprotein vonWillebrand factor (VWF...
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most frequent inherited bleeding disorder and is caused by either a quantitative and/or qualitative defect of the multimeric glycoprotein vonWillebrand factor (VWF).[...].
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- Meta-analysis on incidence of inhibitors in patients with haemophilia A treated with recombinant factor VIII products. [Journal Article]
- BCBlood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2017; 28(8):627-637
- : Recent cohort studies showed differences in inhibitor incidence in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with haemophilia A treated with recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) concentrates. We carried out...
: Recent cohort studies showed differences in inhibitor incidence in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with haemophilia A treated with recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) concentrates. We carried out a systematic literature search and meta-analysis for all randomized clinical trials and observational studies published from 1 January 1988 to 31 August 2015, to assess the incidence of inhibitor development and the relationship with rFVIII product used in PUPs and minimally treated patients (MTPs, ≤5 previous exposure days), with severe haemophilia. The primary outcome measure was development of all inhibitors and high-titre inhibitors. We computed pooled meta-analytic estimates according to the rFVIII product used with the inverse-variance method, assuming a fixed, or a random-effects model if significant between-studies heterogeneity was present. Out of 781 articles, 16 published between 1998 and 2015 were included in the meta-analysis, involving a total of 2094 haemophilia A PUPs or MTPs. The pooled estimate of all inhibitors was 0.27 (95% confidence interval 0.23-0.31). No significant difference in pooled inhibitor incidence across products was found (P = 0.72). Meta-analysis of studies reporting inhibitor hazard ratios with different rFVIII products, adjusted to different risk factors, showed that PUPs/MTPs treated with Advate had a pooled inhibitor hazard ratio estimate of 0.63 (95% confidence interval 0.48-0.83) as compared with Kogenate FS. The overall inhibitor incidence in PUPs/MTPs was 27%. Differences between products were found considering hazard ratios in which potential confounders were taken into account.