- Distribution and prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in residents of old age homes in Delhi, India. [Journal Article]
- NJNepal J Epidemiol 2018; 8(2):727-734
- CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among residents of old age homes shows the need for increased preventive and diagnostic measures for prevention and early identification of oro-mucosal lesions. Taking adequate care for oro-mucosal health of elderly people residing in old age homes is necessary.
- Unexpected Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis in a Well-controlled HIV-infected Case. [Case Reports]
- IMIntern Med 2017 Aug 15; 56(16):2223-2227
- We herein report the case of a 41-year-old Japanese man with well-controlled HIV who presented with diagnostically difficult acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). After diet-induced weight …
We herein report the case of a 41-year-old Japanese man with well-controlled HIV who presented with diagnostically difficult acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). After diet-induced weight loss, he developed oral pain and disturbance of mouth opening, and was admitted to our hospital. Based on preconceptions of HIV-associated diseases, fluconazole was initiated for candidiasis. However, no improvement was seen and ANUG was finally diagnosed. This case suggests that physicians should consider ANUG in HIV-infected individuals when several risk factors are present, even if CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts have remained stable owing to long-term anti-retroviral therapy.
- ANUG vs Scurvy. [Letter]
- DUDent Update 2016; 43(5):492
- Borrelia persica infection in dogs and cats: clinical manifestations, clinicopathological findings and genetic characterization. [Journal Article]
- PVParasit Vectors 2016 05 10; 9(1):244
- CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of disease due to B. persica infection in cats and the first case series in dogs. Infection was associated with anemia and thrombocytopenia. Fever was more frequently observed in dogs than cats. Domestic canines and felines suffer from clinical disease due to B. persica infection and may also serve as sentinels for human infection.
- Evaluation of Calendula officinalis as an anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis agent. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Indian Soc Periodontol 2013; 17(6):741-7
- CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that calendula mouthwash is effective in reducing dental plaque and gingivitis adjunctive to scaling.
- Redescription of Hepatozoon felis (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) based on phylogenetic analysis, tissue and blood form morphology, and possible transplacental transmission. [Journal Article]
- PVParasit Vectors 2013 Apr 15; 6:102
- CONCLUSIONS: This study aimed to integrate new histopathologic, hematologic, clinical, epidemiological and genetic findings on feline hepatozoonosis and promote the understanding of this infection. The results indicate that feline infection is primarily caused by a morphologically and genetically distinct species, H. felis, which has predilection to infecting muscular tissues, and is highly prevalent in the cat population studied. The lack of previous comprehensively integrated data merits the redescription of this parasite elucidating its parasitological characteristics.
- Epitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma (mycosis fungoides) in a coati. [Case Reports]
- JSJ Small Anim Pract 2008; 49(4):204-7
- The aim of this report was to present a case of epitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma (mycosis fungoides) in a coati. The animal was presented for evaluation of a non-pruritic nodule. Although the diagn…
The aim of this report was to present a case of epitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma (mycosis fungoides) in a coati. The animal was presented for evaluation of a non-pruritic nodule. Although the diagnosis of cutaneous histiocytoma was made histologically, plaques and erosions appeared in new areas of the skin along with rapid deterioration of body condition that led to euthanasia in less than one month following initial presentation. Epitheliotropic cutaneous lymphoma was confirmed with plaque biopsies. Cross-reactivity of a polyclonal antihuman CD3 antibody to coati T lymphocytes was also observed. Apart from skin lesions, only pleuritis was post-mortem diagnosed most likely because of immunosuppression secondarily to malignant neoplasia.
- Oral hygiene and nutritional status of children aged 1-7 years in a rural community. [Journal Article]
- GMGhana Med J 2006; 40(1):22-5
- CONCLUSIONS: Poor oral hygiene, malnutrition and low measles immunization were common in the community. These conditions predispose to noma. Prompt and adequate intervention programmes such as systematic oral health, immunization and nutrition promotion programmes are urgently needed in these communities.
- HIV infection and oral health care in South Africa. [Journal Article]
- SADJSADJ 1999; 54(12):594-601
- This study determined the knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health care workers in public clinics in South Africa towards HIV/AIDS and investigated the implementation of infection control meas…
This study determined the knowledge, attitude and practice of oral health care workers in public clinics in South Africa towards HIV/AIDS and investigated the implementation of infection control measures. A total of 727 questionnaires were distributed to dentists, dental therapists, oral hygienists and chairside assistants in the public dental clinics of 9 provinces, of which 276 were returned from 8 provinces, giving a response rate of 38%. The questionnaire covered demographic factors and assessed issues such as knowledge, infection control practices, continuing education, legal, ethical and psychosocial issues and available support for HIV/AIDS. The common oral manifestations seen by respondents were candidiasis, acute necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG), hairy leukoplakia and Kaposi's sarcoma. Of the 174 who had a previous HIV test, 48% were for insurance purposes and 21% for post-needle-stick injury. Over 10% of the respondents indicated that gloves were not available at all, that there was an inadequate supply of water, and that there was no autoclave in their clinic. Nearly 50% of the clinicians had not had hepatitis B vaccination in the last 3 years. Fifteen respondents (5.4%) were not willing to treat HIV-positive patients. Only 48% had access to a written post-exposure management protocol and post-exposure medication was available to only 36.6%. The vast majority of the respondents clearly expressed a need for additional education on HIV/AIDS. The study demonstrated a need to add knowledge, enhance personal skills and improve the application of universal precautions.
New Search Next
- Femoral compartment syndrome due to haemangiosarcoma in the semimembranosus muscle in a dog. [Case Reports]
- JSJ Small Anim Pract 2006; 47(5):286-9
- A five-year-old, entire male German shepherd dog was presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital-Koret School of Veterinary Medicine because of an acute, painful swelling of the right thigh and sev…
A five-year-old, entire male German shepherd dog was presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital-Koret School of Veterinary Medicine because of an acute, painful swelling of the right thigh and severe lameness of two-weeks duration. On physical examination, a firm and painful mass was detected in the hamstring region. Radiography and ultrasonography revealed a soft tissue mass, with a 250 cc fluid accumulation craniomedial to it. Intracompartmental pressure measurement with a Wick catheter demonstrated significantly elevated pressure within the right caudal femoral compartment (25 to 28 mmHg compared with 5 to 7 mmHg in the unaffected leg). Surgical exploration of the area was undertaken, fasciotomy and mass excision were performed, and resolution of the clinical signs was achieved. The mass was identified by histopathology results as haemangiosarcoma. Two and a half months after surgery, which was followed by adjunct chemotherapy (doxorubicin), the dog was readmitted with a subcutaneous mass in the same area, although he was not lame at this time. Radiographs of the thoracic cavity demonstrated widely disseminated metastases in the lungs. At that point, the owner elected to have the dog euthanased.