- Challenges in accurately assessing prenatal alcohol exposure in a study of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in a youth detention center. [Journal Article]
- ACAlcohol Clin Exp Res 2018 Nov 14
- CONCLUSIONS: Accurately assessing prenatal alcohol consumption is challenging in any setting but it is exceptionally challenging when assessed 13-17 years retrospectively as part of a FASD assessment for a young person sentenced to detention. Recording and recoding detailed qualitative responses was required to provide an accurate assessment of PAE using the AUDIT-C. Standardized recording of PAE in antenatal and birth records would facilitate later assessments for FASD and provide opportunities for advice and support for women who continue to drink during pregnancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Usefulness of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Korean Revised Version in Screening for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition Alcohol Use Disorder among College Students. [Journal Article]
- KJKorean J Fam Med 2018 Oct 29
- CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that AUDIT-KR can be used as a screening tool for alcohol use disorder in groups of college students when DSM-5 diagnosis criteria are applied.
- Prenatal alcohol use as a risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. [Journal Article]
- EAEur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Oct 23
- The objective of the study was to investigate the association between alcohol use during pregnancy and mental disorders in childhood, controlling for confounding risk factors by a longitudinal study ...
The objective of the study was to investigate the association between alcohol use during pregnancy and mental disorders in childhood, controlling for confounding risk factors by a longitudinal study of pregnant women and their offspring. The initial cohort comprised pregnant women attending an obstetric service. From the initial sample of 449 pregnant women, 81 mother-child pairs agreed to participate. After 12 years, mother-child pairs were assessed through self-administered questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) was used to assess the presence of any mental disorders in the children. The mothers were assessed by the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Furthermore, data on the mother's alcohol use collected during pregnancy were analysed. A logistic regression tested the influence of alcohol consumption in all trimesters and binge drinking on the occurrence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), controlling for covariates. Binge drinking at any time during pregnancy or low-moderate alcohol consumption in all trimesters of pregnancy was associated with a fivefold increased odds of child ADHD. The combination of both patterns of alcohol use added an increase of 19% in the variance of ADHD's occurrence. The episodic use of at least four drinks or the regular use of low-moderate alcohol doses during pregnancy was associated with significantly increased odds of subsequent child ADHD. Reducing binge drinking and regular alcohol use of pregnant women may lead to a significant decrease in their children developing ADHD.
- New onset alcohol use disorder following bariatric surgery. [Journal Article]
- SESurg Endosc 2018 Oct 22
- CONCLUSIONS: This is first large, multi-institutional study of AUD following SG. The prevalence of alcohol use disorder in patients undergoing SG and RYGB was similar pre- and postoperatively. The majority of patients developed AUD following their second postoperative year. Understanding the timing and incidence of alcohol use disorder in patients undergoing SG-the most commonly performed bariatric operation in the United States-is critical to providing appropriate counseling and treatment.
- The relationship between alcohol abuse and suicide risk according to smoking status: A cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Affect Disord 2019 Feb 01; 244:164-170
- CONCLUSIONS: Results must be interpreted within the study design context. Suicidality does not assess any depressive episode. the sample did not include persons who had committed suicide. As suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts are on a spectrum it is difficult to find valid and appropriate, as well as culturally-sensitive, screening questions for suicidal risk that are comparable across international studies. The data used in this study were based on self-reports of smoking, drinking, and suicide risk.The combination of alcohol use and smoking was associated with greater suicide risk than were alcohol and smoking separately.
- Genome-Wide Association Study Meta-Analysis of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in Two Population-Based Cohorts. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 19; :appiajp201818040369
- CONCLUSIONS: AUDIT scores ascertained in population-based cohorts can be used to explore the genetic basis of both alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorders.
- The Impact of Alcohol Use on Antiretroviral-Therapy Adherence in Koreans Living with HIV. [Journal Article]
- ANAsian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) 2018 Oct 11
- CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that Korean institutions and governments develop specific mediation and counseling programs that include alcohol-use-related monitoring for the improvement of the antiretroviral-therapy adherence of people living with HIV.
- Alcohol Use Thresholds for Identifying Alcohol-related Problems Before and Following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass. [Journal Article]
- AnnSAnn Surg 2018 Oct 11
- CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity and specificity of these thresholds indicate assessment of alcohol consumption alone may be inadequate for identifying women at risk for alcohol-related problems post-RYGB. Additional screening tools for alcohol-related problems, which assess symptoms of alcohol-related problems, should be conducted in this population.
- Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD) in the U.S. and France: Nationality and gender effects and relations to drive for thinness and alcohol use. [Journal Article]
- EBEat Behav 2018; 31:113-119
- Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD), colloquially coined "drunkorexia," is a set of behaviors that encompasses restriction of calories, over-exercise, and other compensatory behaviors before, during, ...
Food and Alcohol Disturbance (FAD), colloquially coined "drunkorexia," is a set of behaviors that encompasses restriction of calories, over-exercise, and other compensatory behaviors before, during, or after alcohol use to offset caloric intake or maximize intoxication. To date, this phenomenon has not been compared in a cross-cultural sample.
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- Risk of relapse in clients with alcohol dependence syndrome in a tertiary care hospital. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Public Health 2018 Jul-Sep; 62(3):218-220
- Alcoholism is one of the major health problems seen all over the world. The risk of relapse was estimated among 94 clients with alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS) who attended both in- and out-patient...
Alcoholism is one of the major health problems seen all over the world. The risk of relapse was estimated among 94 clients with alcohol dependence syndrome (ADS) who attended both in- and out-patient units of a tertiary care hospital. The tools used were the sociodemographic and clinical variables, Clinical Institute of Withdrawal Assessment Alcohol-revised (CIWA-Ar), Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT), and Advanced Warning of Relapse (AWARE) scale. Out of the 94 clients, 63 (67.7%) were in the low-risk group for getting relapse, 26 (27.7%) were in the moderate-risk group, and 5 (5.3%) were in the high-risk group. Family history of alcohol use was significantly associated with the AWARE score (P < 0.05). Nicotine use was reported by 56 (59.6%) clients. Clients with a positive family history of alcohol use, disturbed sleep pattern, and higher total score (>20) of AUDIT scale were at higher risk of relapse.