- Plasmacytoid Urothelial Carcinoma of Ureter with Retroperitoneal Metastasis: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Case Rep 2018 Feb 13; 19:158-162
- CONCLUSIONS: PUC arising from the ureter is rare, and retroperitoneal metastatic disease has not been reported previously. Here, we compare the clinical manifestations of the more common PUC of the bladder with our case. From this we are able to learn more about the disease and its presentation.
- Severity of Diverticulitis Does Not Influence Abdominal Complaints during Long-Term Follow-Up. [Journal Article]
- DSDig Surg 2018 Feb 09
- CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study on patients after operation for diverticulitis shows that in the long term, the severity of the abdominal complaints is influenced neither by the stage of the disease nor by the fact of whether it was performed in an acute or elective setting.
- Ileo-ileal fistula with severe malnutrition caused by strangulated ileus surgery while preserving ischemic ileum: A case report. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 Jan 27; 43:4-8
- CONCLUSIONS: In cases of strangulated ileus, there are no deterministic criteria for evaluating intestinal blood flow. This is the first report of ileo-ileal fistula onset after surgery for strangulated ileus without intestinal resection. Furthermore, this fistula caused severe malnutrition duo to chronic inflammation, ulcer formation, and the blind-loop syndrome.When preserving the intestinal tract in the operation of strangulated ileus, the occurrence of entero-enteric fistulas should be considered. Since malnutrition in the elderly is a serious problem, it should be treated promptly.
- Pediatric case of acute right-sided abdominal pain: diagnosis is not always appendicitis. [Journal Article]
- PHPediatric Health Med Ther 2017; 8:69-71
- Omental infarction (OI) is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain occurring in 0.1% of children, which is typically diagnosed during surgery for suspected appendicitis. We present the case of a 7-year-...
Omental infarction (OI) is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain occurring in 0.1% of children, which is typically diagnosed during surgery for suspected appendicitis. We present the case of a 7-year-old Pakistani girl. She presented with acute, severe, progressive, right-sided abdominal pain, which was present for 12 hours before presentation. No constitutional symptoms such as fever, anorexia, nausea or vomiting were present. Clinical examination revealed an adequately growing child following the 50th centile. She had severe generalized abdominal tenderness with rebound tenderness and guarding, mainly on the right lower abdominal quadrant, with all other system examinations normal. She had mildly increased inflammatory markers, and her initial abdominal ultrasound scan result was within normal limits. She had laparoscopic surgery following a diagnosis of suspected acute appendicitis; however, an intraoperative diagnosis of OI was made. This was later confirmed by histopathology. This case report highlights the importance of including OI in the differential diagnosis list of acute abdominal pain in children, in addition to the importance of computed tomography (CT) as the gold standard tool to aid diagnosis. In the presence of typical symptoms and signs of OI, a CT scan can assist and guide the management of similar cases. This course of action is suggested for the reason that OI typically runs a self-limited course and conservative care may be the most appropriate recommended course of action. Consequently, unnecessary operations could be avoided due to the diagnosis confirmation of studying images.
- Dilated Thoracic Esophagus Presenting with Painful Progressive Persistent Dysphagia and Leukocytosis of Unknown Origin. [Journal Article]
- CCureus 2017 Nov 16; 9(11):e1851
- Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but...
Esophageal cancer is the eighth-most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The most common presenting symptom in advanced distal esophageal cancer is the sensation of sticking food, but it may sometimes present with bleeding and related complications, or asymptomatic leukocytosis. We present the case of a 77-year-old afebrile man with chronic alcoholism and a dilated thoracic esophagus with painful, progressive, and persistent dysphagia and leukocytosis of unknown origin. A 77-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension and colonic cancer status post right hemicolectomy (surveillance negative) presented to the emergency department with painful, progressive, persistent, and worsening dysphagia for the past three weeks. It was associated with an unintentional weight loss of ten pounds in one month and nausea with non-bilious and non-bloody vomiting for several days. He denied fever, diarrhea, hoarseness of voice, change in bowel movement, hematemesis, hematochezia, melena, orthopnea, dyspnea at rest, palpitation, and abdominal pain. A chest x-ray (lateral view) showed debris in a dilated thoracic esophagus with fluid. An esophagogram showed a 10 x 3 cm obstructive mass with irregular mucosa within the proximal esophagus from the thoracic vertebra levels four to ten. A computed tomography scan of the chest with contrast showed long segment dilatation of the upper and mid-thoracic esophagus with generalized circumferential thickening of the distal esophagus. He was empirically on cefazolin and metronidazole but later switched to piperacillin, tazobactam, and fluconazole. Cardiac risk stratification was done for an esophagogastroduodenoscopy. However, the patient and the family opted for palliative care and agreed to a do-not-resuscitate/do-not-intubate status. In esophageal cancers, tumor-related leukocytosis and neutrophilia are common presentations. However, there is no standardized routine screening test for esophageal cancers. Thus, when asymptomatic afebrile elderly patients present with leukocytosis of unknown origin, clinicians should have suspicions of occult malignancy such as esophageal cancers, gastric cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
- A Study of Clinical Profile of Patients presenting with Complications of Acute Febrile Illnesses During Monsoon. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Assoc Physicians India 2017; 65(9):37-42
- CONCLUSIONS: The similarity in clinical presentation and diversity of etiological agents demonstrates the complexity of diagnosis and treatment of acute febrile illness. This study of clinico-laboratory profile of complicated febrile monsoon illnesses will be helpful to reduce mortality associated with monsoon illnesses by early referral and prompt treatment. Dengue and leptospirosis remain the commonest etiologies and major killer due to respiratory and renal involvements.
- Caroli's Disease as a Cause of Chronic Epigastric Abdominal Pain: Two Case Reports and a Brief Review of the Literature. [Review]
- CCureus 2017 Sep 20; 9(9):e1701
- Caroli's disease is a very rare congenital malformation, currently included in cystic diseases of the biliary tract, and is characterized by ectasia and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts. Two...
Caroli's disease is a very rare congenital malformation, currently included in cystic diseases of the biliary tract, and is characterized by ectasia and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts. Two clinical entities can be distinguished, Caroli's disease in which congenital hepatic impairment is limited to cystic dilatation and Caroli's syndrome in which congenital hepatic fibrosis coexists. We present two cases of atypical presentations of Caroli's disease. Case one was a 76-year-old man who was referred to our hospital for chronic non-remitting epigastric pain prior to diagnosis. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) was performed, which revealed findings consistent with Caroli's disease. Laboratory investigation disclosed a raised α-fetoprotein. Left hepatectomy was performed due to suspected cholangiocarcinoma. Morphological findings were compatible with Caroli's disease and no evidence of malignancy was found. Case two was a 47-year-old man who presented with chronic epigastric pain and generalized abdominal discomfort. MRCP revealed findings compatible with Caroli's disease. The patient was discharged with ursodeoxycholic acid treatment and was later admitted twice due to inaugural episodes of cholangitis that were medically managed. Bisegmentectomies II and III were performed for suspected neoplasia after a gradual rise in α-fetoprotein and CA19-9 values were noted during follow-up. The surgical specimen confirmed Caroli's disease and there was no evidence of malignancy. Postoperative periods for both patients were favorable, and they remain asymptomatic and well to date.
- Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Secondary to Dapagliflozin Use: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Emerg Med 2018; 54(1):109-111
- Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of oral antihyperglycemic agents. They are associated with rare cases of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which presents a ...
Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a novel class of oral antihyperglycemic agents. They are associated with rare cases of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which presents a diagnostic challenge in the emergency department (ED) and potentially severe consequences if missed.
- Description of a mass poisoning in a rural district in Mozambique: The first documented bongkrekic acid poisoning in Africa. [Journal Article]
- CIClin Infect Dis 2017 Nov 16
- CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time an outbreak of a highly lethal illness linked to BA, a deadly food-borne toxin in Africa. Given that no previous outbreaks have been recognized outside of Asia, our investigation suggests that BA might be an unrecognized cause of toxic outbreaks globally.
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- Perforated appendicitis after colonoscopy: cause or coincidence?: A rare case report and literature review. [Case Reports]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2017; 96(46):e8747
- CONCLUSIONS: This study may increase clinical awareness with regard to perforated appendicitis after colonoscopy. Acute appendicitis should be included in the differential diagnosis of lower right abdominal pain following a colonoscopy, in addition to possible colonic injury. Furthermore, emergency surgery should be recommended for the typical signs of perforation with peritonitis and free pneumoperitoneum. Early recognition and prompt surgical treatment are critical, which can avoid severe outcomes and improve the prognosis.