- Impact of the Reticular Stress and Unfolded Protein Response on the inflammatory response in endometrial stromal cells. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Aug 16; 8(1):12274
- During decidualization, endometrial stromal cells undergo reticular stress (RS) and unfolded protein response (UPR), allowing the endoplasmic reticulum-expansion and immunomodulators production. Phys...
During decidualization, endometrial stromal cells undergo reticular stress (RS) and unfolded protein response (UPR), allowing the endoplasmic reticulum-expansion and immunomodulators production. Physiological RS generates the activation of sensing proteins, inflammasome activation and mature-IL-1β secretion, associated with pro-implantatory effects. We focus on the impact of RS and UPR on decidualized cells and whether they induce a physiological sterile inflammatory response through IL-1β production. Human endometrial stromal cell line (HESC) after decidualization treatment with MPA + dibutyryl-cAMP (Dec) increased the expression of RS-sensors (ATF6, PERK and IRE1α) and UPR markers (sXBP1 and CHOP) in comparison with Non-dec cells. Then we found increased NLRP3 expression in Dec cells compared with Non-dec cells. In fact STF-083010 (an IRE1α inhibitor) prevented this increase. Downstream, increased levels of active caspase-1 on Dec cells were detected by FAM-Flica Caspase-1 associated with an increase in IL-1β production. Moreover, the treatment with STF-083010 decreased the invasion index observed in Dec cells, evaluated by an in vitro model of implantation. In endometrial biopsies from recurrent spontaneous abortion patients an increased expression of IRE1α was found in comparison with fertile women; while recurrent implantation failure samples showed a lower expression of sXBP1, TXNIP and NLRP3 than fertile women, suggesting that RS/UPR tenors might condition endometrial receptivity.
- Empirically derived dietary patterns and serum inflammatory markers in Iranian female teachers: A cross-sectional study. [Journal Article]
- NDNutr Diet 2018 Aug 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables is inversely associated with serum hs-CRP but not IL-17 levels. Studies investigating the dietary patterns in association with IL-17 in other populations are recommended.
- The link between immunity, autoimmunity and endometriosis: a literature update. [Review]
- ARAutoimmun Rev 2018 Aug 11
- Endometriosis (EMS), an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disorder affects approximately 5-10% of the general female population of reproductive age and 20-90% of women with pelvic pain and infertility....
Endometriosis (EMS), an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disorder affects approximately 5-10% of the general female population of reproductive age and 20-90% of women with pelvic pain and infertility. Many immunological factors are known to contribute significantly to the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of EMS, and both chronic local inflammation and autoantibodies in EMS shares many similarities with autoimmune diseases (AD). However, the autoimmune etiology in EMS remains controversial, and its evidence on autoimmune basis may be limited. Here we aim to review the current understanding between autoimmunity and EMS to provide important knowledge to develop future potential immunomodulatory therapy for the treatment of EMS.
- [Association of coagulation factor V gene polymorphism with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion among ethnic Hans from Wenzhou area]. [Journal Article]
- ZYZhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug 10; 35(4):577-581
- CONCLUSIONS: The decreased rate of rs9287090 allele A, rs1046712 allele T, and rs1800594 allele G may contribute to the susceptibility to URSA among ethnic Han Chinese from Wenzhou area. The rs6022 allele A and rs6029 allele T may also predispose to URSA.
- Spontaneous ovarian heterotopic pregnancy. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 09; 2018
- Heterotopic pregnancy is a simultaneous intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. We report a case of a spontaneous ovarian heterotopic pregnancy. A 36-year-old woman, gravida 7 para 4-1-1-5 at 4 weeks ges...
Heterotopic pregnancy is a simultaneous intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy. We report a case of a spontaneous ovarian heterotopic pregnancy. A 36-year-old woman, gravida 7 para 4-1-1-5 at 4 weeks gestation (spontaneous conception), presented to the emergency department with vaginal spotting, lower abdominal cramps with human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG) 10 772 mIU/mL (hCG at T0). Abdominal and pelvic examinations were benign. Transvaginal sonogram (TVS) showed an intrauterine gestational sac and yolk sac, no fetal pole visualised. She was discharged home with a diagnosis of threatened abortion. The patient returned to the emergency department 3 weeks later (T1) at 7 weeks gestation with recurrent vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal pain. Her TVS showed an empty uterus with small amount of free fluid in the cul-de-sac. A small 2 cm round mass noted in the adnexa with hCG of 4663 mIU/mL (hCG at T1). Laparoscopy revealed normal fallopian tubes bilaterally and a ruptured right ovarian ectopic pregnancy. Pathology was consistent with ectopic pregnancy. Abnormal hCG patterns should raise suspicion for heterotopic pregnancy.
- Association of genetic polymorphisms in VEGF -460, -7, and -583 and hematocrit level with the development of idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss and a meta-analysis. [Journal Article]
- JGJ Gene Med 2018 Aug 08; :e3048
- CONCLUSIONS: The VEGF rs833061/rs3025020 genotype allele was related to the development of RPL and was associated with maternal blood HCT levels in RPL patients. However, further studies are needed to elucidate the exact mechanism of how VEGF and HCT are involved in RPL development.
- Association of Estrogen Receptor 1 Genetic Polymorphisms with Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion Risk. [Journal Article]
- CMChin Med J (Engl) 2018 Aug 05; 131(15):1857-1865
- CONCLUSIONS: Generally, there was no significant association between the polymorphisms of ESR1 and the risk of RSA. However, subgroup analysis indicated that ESR1 rs9340799 polymorphism was related to increased RSA risk in the non-Asian group while associated with decreased RSA risk in Asian group.
- Recurrent pregnancy loss and vitamin D: A review of the literature. [Review]
- AJAm J Reprod Immunol 2018 Jul 27; :e13022
- Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) affects approximately 1%-2% of reproductive women. Auto- and cellular immune responses seem to be associated with RPL. Vitamin D (VD) has been shown to play a role in t...
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) affects approximately 1%-2% of reproductive women. Auto- and cellular immune responses seem to be associated with RPL. Vitamin D (VD) has been shown to play a role in the modulation of the immune system. Effects of VD deficiency (VDD) in pregnancy have been associated with preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, and sporadic spontaneous abortion (SA). We systematically reviewed articles that studied women with 2 or more SA and its association with VD. Eleven studies were included. Studies reported a high prevalence of VD insufficiency (VDI) or VDD in women with RPL and suggested that this could be associated with immunological dysregulation and consequently with RPL. Immunological benefits were reported in the peripheral blood of women with RPL after VD exposure. Thus, it is possible to speculate a beneficial role for VD supplementation in RPL. It seems that there are not differences in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and CYP27B1 expression in endometrium of women with RPL but, in villous and decidual tissues, RPL women seem to have a decreased expression of VDR and, perhaps, a decreased expression of CYP27B1. Further randomized controlled studies are required to investigate the association between VDD or VDI and RPL.
- Human trophoblast invasion: new and unexpected routes and functions. [Review]
- HCHistochem Cell Biol 2018 Jul 26
- Until recently, trophoblast invasion during human placentation was characterized by and restricted to invasion into uterine connective tissues and the uterine spiral arteries. The latter was explaine...
Until recently, trophoblast invasion during human placentation was characterized by and restricted to invasion into uterine connective tissues and the uterine spiral arteries. The latter was explained to connect the arteries to the intervillous space of the placenta and to guarantee the blood supply of the mother to the placenta. Today, this picture has dramatically changed. Invasion of endoglandular trophoblast into uterine glands, already starting at the time of implantation, enables histiotrophic nutrition of the embryo prior to perfusion of the placenta with maternal blood. This is followed by invasion of endovenous trophoblasts into uterine veins to guarantee the drainage of fluids from the placenta back into the maternal circulation throughout pregnancy. In addition, invasion of endolymphatic trophoblasts into the lymph vessels of the uterus has been described. Only then, invasion of endoarterial trophoblasts into spiral arteries takes place, enabling hemotrophic nutrition of the fetus starting with the second trimester of pregnancy. This new knowledge paves the way to identify changes that may occur in pathological pregnancies, from tubal pregnancies to recurrent spontaneous abortions.
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- Association between LRH-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion in Chinese Han couples. [Journal Article]
- GEGynecol Endocrinol 2018 Jul 25; :1-3
- To explore the genetic relationships between LRH-1 (rs2816948), CYP19 (rs727479 and rs700518), and P450scc (rs4077582) as a potential mechanism behind unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions in a...
To explore the genetic relationships between LRH-1 (rs2816948), CYP19 (rs727479 and rs700518), and P450scc (rs4077582) as a potential mechanism behind unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions in a Chinese Han population. A case-control study was used and featured two groups: Patients with unexplained recurrent miscarriage (n = 82, abortion group) and those who voluntary surrendered of a normal early pregnancy (n = 97, control group). Abortion villi samples were obtained from all patients. Genomic DNA was later extracted and sequenced, after which statistical analyses performed to assess the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions. There were significant differences in the genotypic and allelic distribution (p < .05) for CYP19 (rs727479) between the abortion and the control groups. There were no significant differences in the genotypic or allelic distributions (p > .05) for either the LRH-1 (rs2816948) or CYP19 (rs700518). There were also significant genotypic differences (p < .05) for P450scc (rs4077582), but no significant differences for its allelic distribution (p > .05). There was a significant correlation between the occurrence of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion and CYP19 (rs727479) single nucleotide polymorphisms.