- Acanthosis nigricans in achondroplasia. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Med Genet A 2018 Oct 31; :e40506
- Acanthosis nigricans (AN) in those with achondroplasia has been reported occasionally in the literature previously. Other disorders arising from constitutive activation of FGFR3 also manifest AN at v...
Acanthosis nigricans (AN) in those with achondroplasia has been reported occasionally in the literature previously. Other disorders arising from constitutive activation of FGFR3 also manifest AN at various frequencies. We assessed the prevalence of AN in a sequential series of 477 individuals with achondroplasia. Using a REDCap database, we collected and analyzed what other features or medical issues may co-occur with AN in those with achondroplasia. AN arises in approximately 10% of individuals with achondroplasia. It usually first appears in preadolescence or adolescence, is more likely in the non-White population and in those who are obese. It is not severe and generally will need no treatment. It is not associated with any evident risk for neither hyperinsulinemic states nor malignancy, and therefore, no special investigations are warranted when it is recognized. Thus, clinicians should not be surprised or concerned upon discovering this finding in those with achondroplasia. In addition, the mechanisms and genetic causes of AN are detailed.
- Comparison of cutaneous manifestations in diabetic and nondiabetic obese patients: A prospective, controlled study. [Journal Article]
- NCNorth Clin Istanb 2018; 5(2):114-119
- CONCLUSIONS: We found that many dermatoses are more frequently observed in the obese patients than in the controls. We observed that the effect of obesity on skin is different from that of diabetes mellitus and that cutaneous manifestations of obesity occur more frequently. More extensive, comprehensive, and advanced studies on this subject are required.
- ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS AND OTHER CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY. [Journal Article]
- RPRev Paul Pediatr 2018 Jul-Sep; 36(3):301-308
- CONCLUSIONS: Acanthosis nigricans in overweight and obese children and adolescents is associated with elevation of body fat, blood pressure, insulin and homeostasis model assessment index, indicating that it is a clinical marker associated with the metabolic syndrome.
- The Sign of Leser-Trelát and Malignant Acanthosis Nigricans Associated With Fallopian Tube Carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- OGObstet Gynecol 2018 Oct 05
- CONCLUSIONS: The sign of Leser-Trelát can be associated with fallopian tube carcinoma. When recognized, paraneoplastic dermatoses can prompt clinicians to initiate a workup for occult malignancy.
- Symmetrical acral keratoderma revisited: proposal for a new term, 'pigmented carpotarsal hyperkeratosis'. [Review]
- JEJ Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Oct 04
- First reported from Taiwan mistakenly as acral acanthosis nigricans in 1991, pigmented carpotarsal hyperkeratosis or hyperkeratosis nigricans carpi et tarsi displays a peculiar distribution of velvet...
First reported from Taiwan mistakenly as acral acanthosis nigricans in 1991, pigmented carpotarsal hyperkeratosis or hyperkeratosis nigricans carpi et tarsi displays a peculiar distribution of velvety brown-grey hyperpigmented plaques symmetrically on the flexural side of the wrists and ankles and on the dorsal sides of the hands and feet. A marked epidermal hyperkeratosis with typically mild acanthosis and papillomatosis is observed in histology. Whitish maceration upon perspiration or water exposure, with exacerbation in summer but remission in winter, is common. The association with obesity, endocrine disorders, atopic dermatitis, ichthyosis or malignancy is unknown. Familial occurrence and hereditary patterns are ill-defined. There is preliminary evidence indicating a pathogenic role of missense mutation in the transcription factor 4 gene. Treatment is empirical, with good outcome with topical retinoids and keratolytic agents. Recurrence is common, and long-term prognosis is unclear. To be distinguished are acral acanthosis nigricans, palmoplantar keratoderma of the Nagashima type, palmoplantar keratoderma of the Bothnian type and aquagenic palmoplantar keratoderma. Most reported cases are from Southern China and are predominantly observed in men between the ages of 20 and 40 years. The currently used term 'symmetrical acral keratoderma' is non-specific and misleading and may lead to global unawareness, underreporting or misdiagnosis of this phenomenon. Further genetic and molecular studies are required to clarify its pathogenesis and relation to palmoplantar keratoderma.
- Acanthosis nigricans in the knuckles: An early, accessible, straightforward, and sensitive clinical tool to predict insulin resistance. [Journal Article]
- DDermatoendocrinol 2018; 10(1):e1471958
- Any clinical/biochemical marker revealing obesity or diabetes before their appearance is valuable. Insulin resistance (IR) is present in both disorders many years before occurrence. Accordingly, we d...
Any clinical/biochemical marker revealing obesity or diabetes before their appearance is valuable. Insulin resistance (IR) is present in both disorders many years before occurrence. Accordingly, we determined whether acanthosis nigricans (AN) in the knuckles is associated to higher insulin and homeostasis model assessment for estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index values, and assessed the influence of body-mass index (BMI) and the diagnostic performance of AN in the knuckles to detect IR. In this cross-sectional controlled study, we included men or women, 18 to 23 years old, with or without AN in the knuckles. In 149 cases with AN in the knuckles and 145 controls, fasting insulin was higher in cases (13.45 µU/mL ± 7.8 vs. 8.59 µU/mL ± 3.63, P < .001, respectively). Mean HOMA-IR index was also higher (2.86 ± 1.68 vs. 1.78 ± 0.77, P < .001). A significant increase in fasting insulin and HOMA-IR values between and within BMI groups from normal through obese category was identified in controls and cases. By multivariate regression analysis, cases with normal BMI were significantly associated to a HOMA-IR ≥2.5 (OR = 3.09, CI95% = 1.75-5.48, P = .001). A model of AN in the knuckles, normal BMI, and increased waist circumference allowed identifying 2 out of 3 cases with HOMA-IR index ≥2.5. AN in the knuckles could be addressed with two aims: as an easy, accessible, and costless diagnostic tool suggesting hyperinsulinemia secondary to IR, and, an early marker of IR even in the absence of overweight or obesity.
- Síndrome metabólico y aterosclerosis carotídea subclínica en niños y adolescentes mexicanos con acantosis nigricans. [Journal Article]
- GMGac Med Mex 2018; 154(4):462-467
- CONCLUSIONS: La búsqueda intencionada de síndrome metabólico y aterosclerosis carotídea subclínica en niños y adolescentes mexicanos con acantosis nigricans, independientemente del sexo o severidad de la enfermedad, permitirá implementar medidas para disminuir la morbimortalidad en la edad adulta.Intentional search for metabolic syndrome and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in Mexican children and adolescents with acanthosis nigricans, regardless of gender or disease severity, will enable the implementation of measures to decrease the morbidity and mortality seen in adult age.
- Idiopathic Eruptive Macular Pigmentation - Uncommon Presentation of an Uncommon Condition. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Dermatol 2018 Sep-Oct; 63(5):409-411
- Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation (IEMP) is an asymptomatic condition with dark brown, nonconfluent lesions chiefly occurring in children and adolescents. The usual sites involved are face, tr...
Idiopathic eruptive macular pigmentation (IEMP) is an asymptomatic condition with dark brown, nonconfluent lesions chiefly occurring in children and adolescents. The usual sites involved are face, trunk, extremities, and the lesions resolve over few months to years. We report an unusual presentation of this uncommon condition. A 22-year-old male presented with multiple dark-colored asymptomatic lesions on the scalp and forehead for the past 3 years. There was no history of preceding symptoms, drug, or applications, past or family history of such lesions. Examination revealed multiple hyperpigmented macules and barely elevated nonscaly plaques with a velvety feel akin to acanthosis nigricans (AN). Dermoscopy was similar to AN. Blood sugar, thyroid, and lipid profiles were normal. Histology showed "pigmented papillomatosis" concluding the final diagnosis of IEMP. Confluence of lesions is a rarely described phenomenon, with the scalp being a hitherto unreported site. The velvety feel of lesions, the dermoscopic, and histopathological findings further substantiate the hypothesis of this entity being an eruptive variant of AN.
- Physiolgic hypercortisolism at onset of celiac disease in a girl: A case report. [Case Reports]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(36):e12160
- CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights that the first manifestation of CD could be being overweight, and this finding seems to support the need to prescribe laboratory tests for CD not only to children with failure to thrive, as commonly recommended, but also to those with increased body weight.
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- Familial acanthosis nigricans with the FGFR3 mutation: Differences of pigmentation between male and female patients. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Dermatol 2018; 45(11):1357-1361
- Familial acanthosis nigricans caused by the mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene is characterized by short stature, hypochondroplasia and acanthosis nigricans. We herein r...
Familial acanthosis nigricans caused by the mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene is characterized by short stature, hypochondroplasia and acanthosis nigricans. We herein report a Japanese family that showed a missense mutation of c.1948A>C (p.K650Q) in FGFR3. The pigmentation of acanthosis nigricans was more prominent in male patients than in female patients in this family. We immunohistochemically analyzed the distribution of melanocytes. Although pigmentation in the basal layer was denser in the proband, there was no difference in the distribution and number of melanocytes.