- Molecular Sieving and Current Rectification Properties of Thin Organic Films. [Journal Article]
- LLangmuir 2018 Feb 20; 34(7):2410-2419
- For the purpose of preparing well-organized functional surfaces, carbon and gold substrates were modified using electroreduction of a tetrahedral-shape preorganized tetra-aryldiazonium salt, leading ...
For the purpose of preparing well-organized functional surfaces, carbon and gold substrates were modified using electroreduction of a tetrahedral-shape preorganized tetra-aryldiazonium salt, leading to the deposition of ultrathin organic films. Characterization of the modified surfaces has been performed using cyclic voltammetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, infrared absorption spectroscopy, ellipsometry, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle measurements. The specific design of the tetra-aryldiazonium salts leads to an intrinsic structuring of the resulting organic films, allowing molecular sieving and current rectification properties toward redox probes in solution.
- Di-μ-oxido-bis-[bis-(diiso-propyl-aceta-midinato)-κN;κ(2) N,N'-germanium(IV)]. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online 2013 Nov 30; 69(Pt 12):m686-7
- The title compound, [Ge2(C8H17N2)4O2], crystallizes with imposed twofold symmetry, which allows the monodentate amidinate ligands to be arranged in a cisoid fashion. The independent Ge-O distances wi...
The title compound, [Ge2(C8H17N2)4O2], crystallizes with imposed twofold symmetry, which allows the monodentate amidinate ligands to be arranged in a cisoid fashion. The independent Ge-O distances within the central Ge2O2 ring, which is essentially planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.039 Å), are 1.7797 (8) and 1.8568 (8) Å. The germanium centres adopt a distorted trigonal-bipyramidal geometry, being coordinated by the two O atoms and by one bidentate and one monodentate amidinate ligand (three N atoms). One N-isopropyl group is disordered over two positions; these are mutually exclusive because of 'collisions' between symmetry-equivalent methyl groups and thus each has 0.5 occupancy.
- Effect of Methylsulfonylmethane Pretreatment on Aceta-minophen Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats. [Journal Article]
- IJIran J Basic Med Sci 2013; 16(8):896-900
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that MSM pretreatment could alleviate hepatic injury induced by acetaminophen intoxication, may be through its sulfur donating and antioxidant effects.
- Lack of fitness costs associated with acetamiprid resistance in Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). [Journal Article]
- JEJ Econ Entomol 2012; 105(4):1401-6
- Sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is a devastating pest that can cause severe damage to a range of crops by direct feeding and by plant virus transmission. Be...
Sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), is a devastating pest that can cause severe damage to a range of crops by direct feeding and by plant virus transmission. Because of indiscriminate use of insecticides, this whitefly has developed resistance to several insecticides, including neonicotinoids. Our objectives were to determine fitness components affected by acetamiprid resistance in B. tabaci. Assay results showed that selection with acetamiprid had removed heterozygotes from the field population because the survival rate of the resistant population was significantly greater than that of the field population at a very high dose. Comparison of various life traits between the acetamiprid-selected (Aceta-SEL) population and three other populations showed that the numbers of eggs laid by acetamiprid Aceta-SEL population were significantly lower compared with that of other populations but that the proportions of eggs hatched were significantly higher. However, the time taken by nymphal stages of the Aceta-SEL population to develop was significantly higher than that of the susceptible populations. The intrinsic rate of increase, net reproductive rate, mean generation time, and doubling time of Aceta-SEL was significantly higher than Lab-PK and UNSEL populations, but the growth index was similar for all populations. The growth index and high intrinsic value of Aceta-SEL population suggest that the resistance allele may not have detrimental impact. The lack of fitness costs in B. tabaci could promote the rapid development of resistance to acetamiprid and other neonicotinoids. This resistance could threaten the sustainability of whitefly management program on genetically engineered cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) where neonicotinoids are being sprayed to manage sucking pests in the field.
- New quinolinyl-1,3,4-oxadiazoles: synthesis, in vitro antibacterial, antifungal and antituberculosis studies. [Journal Article]
- MCMed Chem 2013 Jun 01; 9(4):596-607
- In order to generate hybrid antimicrobial remedies with novel mode of action, two series of quinoline based 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives condensed with N-aryl/benzothiazolyl acetamides were synthesiz...
In order to generate hybrid antimicrobial remedies with novel mode of action, two series of quinoline based 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives condensed with N-aryl/benzothiazolyl acetamides were synthesized and the MIC values of the compounds towards eight reference bacterial strains (S. aureus, B. cereus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae, S. typhi, P. vulgaris, S. flexneri), four fungi (A. niger, A. fumigatus, A. clavatus, C. albicans) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv were assayed in vitro. Quinoline-6-carboxlic acid was treated with thionyl chloride in refluxing methanol to obtain the corresponding ester derivative to be hydrazinolyzed by 99% hydrazine hydrate in ethanol to produce carbohydrazide intermediate. The carbohydrazide precursor underwent cyclization by carbon disulfide and ethanolic KOH to construct 5-quinolinyl-6-yl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-thiol. Substituted 2-chloro-N-phenyl(benzothiazolyl)aceta-mide derivatives were then condensed to 1,3,4-oxadiazole nucleus via sulphur linkage to yield the desired products. Target products bearing N-benzothiazolyl-2-chloroacetamides displayed good inhibitory potential. The biological screening identified that many final analogues exhibited a significant inhibition of the growth of microorganisms at 3.12-25 μg/mL of MIC, which were comparable to control drugs. The influence of the presence of various functional groups to the phenyl/benzothiazolyl ring on activity profiles was investigated. The proposed structures of the newly prepared products were confirmed with the aid of IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. These results may provide new insights in the design of a novel pool of bioactive templates.
- Intranasal drug-induced fungal rhinopharyngitis. [Journal Article]
- IFInt Forum Allergy Rhinol 2012 Mar-Apr; 2(2):130-4
- CONCLUSIONS: Intranasal opioid and acetaminophen abuse is often associated with the development of fungal rhinopharyngitis. Recognizing that this process is primarily fungal in origin is paramount to successful treatment, as most patients respond well to antifungal therapy when compliant with treatment.
- [Resection and reconstruction for tumor of pelvic ring]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2008; 22(1):63-5
- CONCLUSIONS: Operation is a favorable way for the treatment of pelvic tumor. Selecting convenient operation methods to resect tumors or reconstruction defects according the position of the tumor will do good favor to good results, increase the survival time and improve quality of life.
- Selection of a field population of diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) with acetamiprid maintains, but does not increase, cross-resistance to pyrethroids. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Econ Entomol 2007; 100(3):932-8
- Bioassays (at generation G2) with a newly collected field population (designated CH4) of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from farms in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia, indicated r...
Bioassays (at generation G2) with a newly collected field population (designated CH4) of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from farms in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia, indicated resistance to acetamiprid, deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and esfenvalerate. At G3, the field-derived population was divided into two subpopulations, one subpopuplation was selected (G3 to Go10) with acetamiprid (aceta-SEL), whereas the second subpopulation was left unselected (UNSEL). A significant reduction in the resistance ratio for each compound was observed in UNSEL at G,1, indicating that the observed resistance to each insecticide was unstable. For aceta-SEL, bioassays at G,, found that selection with acetamiprid gave a resistance ratio of 409 compared with UNSEL. The LC50 values for deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and esfenvalerate to aceta-SEL were similar at both G11 and G2. This suggests that acetamiprid selection maintained the otherwise unstable resistance to these compounds in the aceta-SEL population. Logit regression analysis of F1 reciprocal crosses between aceta-SEL and the susceptible Lab-UK indicated that resistance to acetamiprid was inherited as an autosomal, incompletely recessive (DLC = 0.26) trait. Tests of monogenic inheritance and weight distribution suggested that resistance to acetamiprid was controlled by a single locus.
- Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibition on antinociceptive action of different doses of acetaminophen. [Journal Article]
- PJPol J Pharmacol 2004 Sep-Oct; 56(5):605-10
- As demonstrated in previous studies, both cyclooxygenases (COXs) and nitric oxide synthases (NOS) localized peripherally and/or centrally participate in the antinociceptive action of acetaminophen (A...
As demonstrated in previous studies, both cyclooxygenases (COXs) and nitric oxide synthases (NOS) localized peripherally and/or centrally participate in the antinociceptive action of acetaminophen (ACETA). We showed that opioidergic system(s) was involved in the mechanism of ACETA action, as well. In previous and recent studies, the changes in nociceptive threshold were estimated using a mechanical and chemical stimulus. In this study, the influence of nonspecific inhibitor of NOS [N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOArg)] on antinociceptive action of ACETA administered icv and it was studied in rats. ACETA increased threshold for electrical stimuli, however, its analgesic activity was not dose-dependent. Independently of the route of administration, the existence of a ceiling dose of ACETA was observed above which the activity of ACETA was self-limited. Pretreatment with L-NOArg (ip) markedly increased the action of higher doses of ACETA. It suggests that the attenuation of analgesic action of higher doses of ACETA may be due to increased activity of NOS.
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- Effect of nonselective and selective opioid receptors antagonists on antinociceptive action of acetaminophen [part III]. [Journal Article]
- PJPol J Pharmacol 2004 Sep-Oct; 56(5):539-45
- The influence of naloxone (NAL), a competitive antagonist of mu, kappa, delta and sigma receptors; D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH(2) (CTOP), selective antagonist of mu-opioid receptors; nor-b...
The influence of naloxone (NAL), a competitive antagonist of mu, kappa, delta and sigma receptors; D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH(2) (CTOP), selective antagonist of mu-opioid receptors; nor-binaltorphimine (NOR-BNI), a potent and higly selective kappa opioid receptor antagonist; naltrindole (NTI), a delta-opioid receptor antagonist and naltriben (NTB), a highly selective delta(2)-opioid receptor antagonist on antinociceptive action of acetaminophen (ACETA) was studied in rats. NAL administered intraperitoneally (ip) or intracerebroventricularly (icv), and CTOP and NOR-BNI administered icv, markedly decreased the antinociceptive activity of the high dose of ACETA (400 mg/kg). Pretreatment with NTI (sc), as well as with naloxone (it), and NTB (it) slightly but significantly attenuated the ACETA antinociception. The possible involvement of the opioidergic systems in antinociceptive activity of ACETA is discussed.