- Japanese Dermatological Association Guidelines: Guidelines for the treatment of acne vulgaris 2017. [Letter]
- JDJ Dermatol 2018 May 21
- The Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris of the Japanese Dermatological Association was first published in Japanese in 2008 and revised in 2016 and 2017. These guidelines (GL) indicate the s...
The Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris of the Japanese Dermatological Association was first published in Japanese in 2008 and revised in 2016 and 2017. These guidelines (GL) indicate the standard acne treatments in Japan and address pharmaceutical drugs and treatments applicable or in use in Japan. In these GL, the strength of the recommendation is based on clinical evidences as well as availability in Japanese medical institutions. In the 2016 and 2017 GL, some of the clinical questions were revised, and other questions were added in accordance with approval of topical medicines containing benzoyl peroxide (BPO). Rather than monotherapies of antibiotics, the 2017 GL more strongly recommend combination therapies, especially fixed-dose combination gels including BPO in the aspects of pharmacological actions and compliance in the acute inflammatory phase to achieve earlier and better improvements. The 2017 GL also indicate to limit the antimicrobial treatments for the acute inflammatory phase up to approximately 3 months and recommend BPO, adapalene, and a fixed-dose combination gel of 0.1% adapalene and 2.5% BPO for the maintenance phase to avoid the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant Propionibacterium acnes. The 2017 GL also discuss rosacea, which requires discrimination from acne and a different treatment plan.
- Comparative study of the bactericidal effects of indocyanine green- and methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy on Propionibacterium acnes as a new treatment for acne. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Dermatol 2018 May 03
- Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatological problems, and its therapeutic options include topical and systemic retinoids and antibiotics. However, increase in problems associated with acne...
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatological problems, and its therapeutic options include topical and systemic retinoids and antibiotics. However, increase in problems associated with acne treatment, such as side-effects from conventional agents and bacterial resistance to antibiotics, has led to greater use of photodynamic therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the bactericidal effects of indocyanine green- and methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy on Propionibacterium acnes. P. acnes were cultured under anaerobic conditions; then they were divided into three groups (control, treated with indocyanine green and treated with methyl aminolevulinate) and illuminated with different lights (630-nm light-emitting diode, 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode). The bactericidal effects were evaluated by comparing each group's colony-forming units. The cultured P. acnes were killed with an 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode in the indocyanine green group. No bactericidal effects of methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy were identified. The clinical efficacy of indocyanine green-based photodynamic therapy in 21 patients was retrospectively analyzed. The Korean Acne Grading System was used to evaluate treatment efficacy, which was significantly decreased after treatment. The difference in the efficacy of the 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode was not statistically significant. Although the methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy showed no bactericidal effect, the indocyanine green-based photodynamic therapy has bactericidal effect and clinical efficacy.
- [Time to limit the use of antibiotics in rosacea!] [Journal Article]
- LLakartidningen 2018 Apr 24; 115
- Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease with facial erythema and papulopustules. It is common in middle-aged/elderly persons and often affects self-perception and social well-being. It is generally...
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease with facial erythema and papulopustules. It is common in middle-aged/elderly persons and often affects self-perception and social well-being. It is generally classified into four subtypes. Improved understanding of pathophysiology has resulted in novel treatment approaches, but routine management in health care usually follows old trails. Most patients are managed in primary care. Greater attention to the reduced skin barrier, avoidance of exacerbating factors, better topicals and encouragement to topical maintenance treatment should reduce the use of oral tetracyclines. Low-dose isotretinoin is reserved for treatment-resistant patients, but relapses are frequent unlike its use in acne. In order to reduce antibiotic use, we propose that patients should be referred to a dermatologist for optimization of therapy including consideration of isotretinoin following tetracycline treatment of a maximum of 4-6 months.
- Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Inside and Out. [Review]
- IJIndian J Dermatol 2018 Mar-Apr; 63(2):91-98
- Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, disabling, suppurative disease characterized by deep tender subcutaneous nodules; complicated by fibrosis and extensive sinuses affecting primarily the apocrine...
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, disabling, suppurative disease characterized by deep tender subcutaneous nodules; complicated by fibrosis and extensive sinuses affecting primarily the apocrine gland bearing areas. It affects all races in early 20s with greater prevalence seen in women (3 to 5:1). The estimated disease prevalence is 1 - 4 %. The disease is speculated to be caused by follicular structural abnormalities with associated risk factors as smoking, obesity, positive family history and shaving. Certain co-morbidities can also be seen such as inflammatory bowel disease, spondyloarthropathies, epithelial tumors, pyoderma gangrenosum etc. Treatment modalities include counseling of the patient to lose weight if obese, to wear loose clothes, stop smoking and maintain good hygiene. Topical antibiotics, like 1% clindamycin, have shown to give good results along with benzoyl peroxide wash. Orally cocktail of antibiotics can be given, though biologicals remain the best treatment option. Surgical excision can be done in later stages and in recalcitrant cases.
- Ambulatory practice of dermatologists in Taiwan: A nationwide survey. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Chin Med Assoc 2018 Feb 16
- CONCLUSIONS: This study characterizes the current state of ambulatory dermatologic care in Taiwan. The results raise concerns about the misuse of very potent glucocorticoids and combined glucocorticoid/antifungal preparations in dermatologic practices.
- A Rationally Designed Multifunctional Antibiotic for the Treatment of Drug-Resistant Acne. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Invest Dermatol 2018 Jan 31
- Acne is a multifactorial skin disease, underpinned by colonization of Propionibacterium acnes and inflammation. The emergence of resistant P. acnes strains has affected the current acne treatment alg...
Acne is a multifactorial skin disease, underpinned by colonization of Propionibacterium acnes and inflammation. The emergence of resistant P. acnes strains has affected the current acne treatment algorithm. This setback served as an impetus for rationally designing a library of next-generation antibiotics that exhibit a bactericidal effect on resistant P. acnes and exert an immunomodulatory function to reduce inflammation. In silico screening showed that one of the molecules, VCD-004, exhibits improved mode of binding to bacterial DNA gyrase. VCD-004 shows high potency against clinical isolates of resistant P. acnes and excellent efficacy in vivo. Furthermore, VCD-004 exhibits a superior mutant prevention index, suggesting that it impedes the development of resistance better than clindamycin. Additionally, it shows optimal skin penetration and has a potent anti-inflammatory effect via reduction of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6) independent of its antibacterial action. VCD-004 affects P. acnes-induced nuclear accumulation of NF-κB in THP-1 cells. The in vitro viability of human keratinocytes in the presence of VCD-004 indicates a desirable therapeutic window for topical use. Such rationally designed bactericidal and immunomodulatory dual pharmacophore-based lipophilic molecule(s) can emerge as the next-generation topical therapy for acne with underlying resistant P. acnes etiology.
- The role of zinc in the treatment of acne: A review of the literature. [Review]
- DTDermatol Ther 2018; 31(1)
- Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease of the pilosebaceous units presenting as inflammatory or noninflammatory lesions in individuals of all ages. The current standard of treatment includes topical form...
Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease of the pilosebaceous units presenting as inflammatory or noninflammatory lesions in individuals of all ages. The current standard of treatment includes topical formulations in the forms of washes, gels, lotions, and creams such as antibiotics, antibacterial agents, retinoids, and comedolytics. Additionally, systemic treatments are available for more severe or resistant forms of acne. Nevertheless, these treatments have shown to induce a wide array of adverse effects, including dryness, peeling, erythema, and even fetal defects and embolic events. Zinc is a promising alternative to other acne treatments owing to its low cost, efficacy, and lack of systemic side effects. In this literature review, we evaluate the effectiveness and side-effect profiles of various formulations of zinc used to treat acne.
- Management of Severe Acne Vulgaris With Topical Therapy. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Drugs Dermatol 2017 Nov 01; 16(11):1134-1138
- <p>Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease we see in dermatology practice. Although rare in childhood, severe acne can affect up to 12% of the adolescent population. A chronic disease, i...
<p>Acne vulgaris (acne) is the most common skin disease we see in dermatology practice. Although rare in childhood, severe acne can affect up to 12% of the adolescent population. A chronic disease, it requires both aggressive management and effective maintenance strategies. Oral antibiotics, in combination with topical agents are recommended for treatment, with topical agents being continued as maintenance therapy to minimize resistance and recurrence. However, concerns with systemic side effects have recently resulted in a greater focus on the potential of fixed combination topical therapies to treat severe acne. Here we review the available clinical evidence. There are no studies investigating the use of fixed combination topical therapy exclusively in severe acne. However, studies assessing the treatment of moderate-to-severe acne include subpopulation data in severe patients. Adapalene 0.3%-benzoyl peroxide (BP) 2.5% was found to be effective in patients with severe acne, whereas the fixed combination with a lower concentration of adapalene (0.1%) was no more effective than vehicle. Clindamycin-BP 1.2%/3.75% gel and clindamycin-BP 1.2%/2.5% gel were both found to be effective in severe acne with an apparent BP-dose response. Clindamycin phosphate 1.2%-tretinoin 0.025% demonstrated similar efficacy in severe acne, but with little benefit over individual monads. Realistic topical treatment options now exist for the management of severe acne where patient and physician preference can impact positive outcomes.</p> <p><em>J Drugs Dermatol. 2017;16(11):1134-1138.</em></p>.
- Pityrosporum folliculitis: A retrospective review of 110 cases. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Acad Dermatol 2018; 78(3):511-514
- CONCLUSIONS: This study was retrospective and relied on providers describing and interpreting the clinical findings and potassium hydroxide preparations. No standard grading system was used.Unlike classic acne vulgaris, Pityrosporum folliculitis was more common after antibiotic use. It presented as fine monomorphic, pruritic papules and pustules along the hairline and on the upper portion of the back, and it improved with topical or oral azole antifungal therapy.
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- Pleiotropic Effects of White Willow Bark and 1,2-Decanediol on Human Adult Keratinocytes. [Journal Article]
- SPSkin Pharmacol Physiol 2018; 31(1):10-18
- CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that both natural compounds were able to differently affect several functions of LPS-stressed keratinocytes suggesting their potential role for the prevention of acne vulgaris, without adverse effects.