- Efficacy and Safety of the Traditional Japanese Medicine Keigairengyoto in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris. [Journal Article]
- DRDermatol Res Pract 2018; 2018:4127303
- Several traditional Japanese medicines including Keigairengyoto (KRT) are used to treat acne vulgaris, but there is no robust evidence of their effectiveness. In this study, we examined the effective...
Several traditional Japanese medicines including Keigairengyoto (KRT) are used to treat acne vulgaris, but there is no robust evidence of their effectiveness. In this study, we examined the effectiveness and safety of KRT in treating acne vulgaris. An open-label, randomized, parallel control group comparison was conducted with a conventional treatment group (adapalene and topical antibiotics; control group) and a KRT group (control treatment plus KRT). The test drugs were administered for 12 weeks to patients (15 to 64 years, outpatient) with inflammatory acne on their face, and the amount of acne at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks was measured. Sixty-four patients were enrolled; 29 patients in each group were included in the analysis. Twenty-eight patients in the control group and 24 patients in the KRT group were included in the efficacy analysis. The number of inflammatory skin rashes at 4 and 8 weeks in the KRT group was significantly decreased compared with the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups in noninflammatory eruptions and general rashes. There were no serious adverse events in both groups. KRT may be a useful agent in patients with inflammatory acne in combination with conventional treatments. This trial is registered with UMIN 000014831.
- Oral Isotretinoin for the treatment of Aripiprazol-induced acneiform rash. [Journal Article]
- DTDermatol Ther 2018 Jul 17; :e12637
- Acneiform rash is a commonly reported side effect to certain types of medications, including antipsychotic agents. Its clinical presentation consists mainly of papulopustular lesions. Other types of ...
Acneiform rash is a commonly reported side effect to certain types of medications, including antipsychotic agents. Its clinical presentation consists mainly of papulopustular lesions. Other types of lesions, such as nodular or cystic, can also be observed. Body distribution of the lesions follows a similar pattern to acne vulgaris. Depending on the severity of the case, drug-induced acne may be treated in different ways. In mild cases, the use of topical antibiotics and retinoids in combination is usually effective. With more severe forms, it may be necessary to add oral antibiotics, such as tetracyclines, but a good response is not always achieved. Identification of the drug responsible for the side-effect is mandatory in refractory eruptions. Herein, we present the case of an Aripiprazole-induced acneiform rash successfully treated with oral Isotretinoin. The treatment was effective and well tolerated and there was no need to discontinue the psychopharmacological medication. This is the first study to report this modality of treatment.
- Hidradenitis suppurativa with SAPHO syndrome maintained effectively with adalimumab, methotrexate, and intralesional corticosteroid injections. [Journal Article]
- SOSAGE Open Med Case Rep 2018; 6:2050313X18778723
- CONCLUSIONS: Literature regarding comorbid hidradenitis suppurativa and synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome therapy is scarce but growing. Adalimumab, methotrexate, intralesional corticosteroid, and lifestyle changes successfully maintained a severe hidradenitis suppurativa-synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis-syndrome case. Further studies beyond a case-based review could yield more definitive treatment plans.
- Frequency of Treatment Switching for Spironolactone Compared to Oral Tetracycline-Class Antibiotics for Women With Acne: A Retrospective Cohort Study 2010-2016. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Drugs Dermatol 2018 Jun 01; 17(6):632-638
- CONCLUSIONS: Based on the observation of similar switching between the two groups, spironolactone may have similar clinical effectiveness to that of oral tetracycline-class antibiotics. While ultimately large clinical trials are needed to determine the optimal management strategy for women with moderate to severe acne, these results provide additional support that spironolactone represents an effective treatment for women with acne. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(6):632-638.
- Sustained Benefit After Treatment of Acne Vulgaris Using Only a Novel Combination of Long-Pulsed and Q-Switched 1064-nm Nd: YAG Lasers. [Journal Article]
- DSDermatol Surg 2018 Jun 05
- CONCLUSIONS: Active acne can be treated successfully with a combination of LP and QS YAG lasers with patients remaining off acne medications throughout laser therapy and the follow-up period.
- Update in the management of acne in adolescence. [Journal Article]
- COCurr Opin Pediatr 2018 May 24
- CONCLUSIONS: An effective acne management strategy targets multiple pathogenic factors in acne, using a retinoid as the foundation. Systemic antibiotics for moderate-to-severe acne should be used for acute management, then discontinued at 3-4 months, while maintaining on topical treatments. If therapy is ineffective, alternate treatments, such as combined oral contraceptives in females or isotretinoin, should be promptly employed to prevent prolonged psychological impact and cutaneous scarring.
- Japanese Dermatological Association Guidelines: Guidelines for the treatment of acne vulgaris 2017. [Letter]
- JDJ Dermatol 2018 May 21
- The Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris of the Japanese Dermatological Association was first published in Japanese in 2008 and revised in 2016 and 2017. These guidelines (GL) indicate the s...
The Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris of the Japanese Dermatological Association was first published in Japanese in 2008 and revised in 2016 and 2017. These guidelines (GL) indicate the standard acne treatments in Japan and address pharmaceutical drugs and treatments applicable or in use in Japan. In these GL, the strength of the recommendation is based on clinical evidences as well as availability in Japanese medical institutions. In the 2016 and 2017 GL, some of the clinical questions were revised, and other questions were added in accordance with approval of topical medicines containing benzoyl peroxide (BPO). Rather than monotherapies of antibiotics, the 2017 GL more strongly recommend combination therapies, especially fixed-dose combination gels including BPO in the aspects of pharmacological actions and compliance in the acute inflammatory phase to achieve earlier and better improvements. The 2017 GL also indicate to limit the antimicrobial treatments for the acute inflammatory phase up to approximately 3 months and recommend BPO, adapalene, and a fixed-dose combination gel of 0.1% adapalene and 2.5% BPO for the maintenance phase to avoid the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant Propionibacterium acnes. The 2017 GL also discuss rosacea, which requires discrimination from acne and a different treatment plan.
- Comparative study of the bactericidal effects of indocyanine green- and methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy on Propionibacterium acnes as a new treatment for acne. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Dermatol 2018 May 03
- Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatological problems, and its therapeutic options include topical and systemic retinoids and antibiotics. However, increase in problems associated with acne...
Acne vulgaris is one of the most common dermatological problems, and its therapeutic options include topical and systemic retinoids and antibiotics. However, increase in problems associated with acne treatment, such as side-effects from conventional agents and bacterial resistance to antibiotics, has led to greater use of photodynamic therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the bactericidal effects of indocyanine green- and methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy on Propionibacterium acnes. P. acnes were cultured under anaerobic conditions; then they were divided into three groups (control, treated with indocyanine green and treated with methyl aminolevulinate) and illuminated with different lights (630-nm light-emitting diode, 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode). The bactericidal effects were evaluated by comparing each group's colony-forming units. The cultured P. acnes were killed with an 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode in the indocyanine green group. No bactericidal effects of methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy were identified. The clinical efficacy of indocyanine green-based photodynamic therapy in 21 patients was retrospectively analyzed. The Korean Acne Grading System was used to evaluate treatment efficacy, which was significantly decreased after treatment. The difference in the efficacy of the 805-nm diode laser and 830-nm light-emitting diode was not statistically significant. Although the methyl aminolevulinate-based photodynamic therapy showed no bactericidal effect, the indocyanine green-based photodynamic therapy has bactericidal effect and clinical efficacy.
- [Time to limit the use of antibiotics in rosacea!] [Journal Article]
- LLakartidningen 2018 Apr 24; 115
- Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease with facial erythema and papulopustules. It is common in middle-aged/elderly persons and often affects self-perception and social well-being. It is generally...
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease with facial erythema and papulopustules. It is common in middle-aged/elderly persons and often affects self-perception and social well-being. It is generally classified into four subtypes. Improved understanding of pathophysiology has resulted in novel treatment approaches, but routine management in health care usually follows old trails. Most patients are managed in primary care. Greater attention to the reduced skin barrier, avoidance of exacerbating factors, better topicals and encouragement to topical maintenance treatment should reduce the use of oral tetracyclines. Low-dose isotretinoin is reserved for treatment-resistant patients, but relapses are frequent unlike its use in acne. In order to reduce antibiotic use, we propose that patients should be referred to a dermatologist for optimization of therapy including consideration of isotretinoin following tetracycline treatment of a maximum of 4-6 months.
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- Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Inside and Out. [Review]
- IJIndian J Dermatol 2018 Mar-Apr; 63(2):91-98
- Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, disabling, suppurative disease characterized by deep tender subcutaneous nodules; complicated by fibrosis and extensive sinuses affecting primarily the apocrine...
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, disabling, suppurative disease characterized by deep tender subcutaneous nodules; complicated by fibrosis and extensive sinuses affecting primarily the apocrine gland bearing areas. It affects all races in early 20s with greater prevalence seen in women (3 to 5:1). The estimated disease prevalence is 1 - 4 %. The disease is speculated to be caused by follicular structural abnormalities with associated risk factors as smoking, obesity, positive family history and shaving. Certain co-morbidities can also be seen such as inflammatory bowel disease, spondyloarthropathies, epithelial tumors, pyoderma gangrenosum etc. Treatment modalities include counseling of the patient to lose weight if obese, to wear loose clothes, stop smoking and maintain good hygiene. Topical antibiotics, like 1% clindamycin, have shown to give good results along with benzoyl peroxide wash. Orally cocktail of antibiotics can be given, though biologicals remain the best treatment option. Surgical excision can be done in later stages and in recalcitrant cases.