- Enzymatic esterification of acylglycerols rich in omega-3 from flaxseed oil by an immobilized solvent-tolerant lipase from Actinomadura sediminis UTMC 2870 isolated from oil-contaminated soil. [Journal Article]
- FCFood Chem 2018 Apr 15; 245:934-942
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential to human health and can be produced by enzymatic esterification. Actinomadura sediminis UTMC 2870 isolated from oil-contaminated soil contained a lip...
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential to human health and can be produced by enzymatic esterification. Actinomadura sediminis UTMC 2870 isolated from oil-contaminated soil contained a lipase that was stable at varying pH and in various solvents, salts, and chemicals. This lipase exhibited high efficiency for omega-3 (n-3), and its production was optimized using a response surface method. Acylglycerols (AGs) rich in n-3 were produced by extraction of the free fatty acids (FFAs) from flaxseed oil, concentration of PUFAs, and enzymatic esterification by the Celite-immobilized lipase. The resulting product contained 50% (w/w) PUFAs, including 42% (w/w) α-linolenic and 9.7% (w/w) linoleic acid. The n-6/n-3 ratio in the product was 0.24, which differed markedly from the high values for this ratio in seed oils. Therefore, the A. sediminis lipase appears to be a good candidate enzyme for ester synthesis and especially for production of n-3-rich AGs for food industries.
- Abdominal actinomycetoma with double aetiology due to Nocardia brasiliensis and Actinomadura madurae. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Dermatol 2017 Nov 22
- Quinocidin, a Cytotoxic Antibiotic with an Unusual 3,4-Dihydroquinolizinium Ring and Michael Acceptor Reactivity toward Thiols. [Journal Article]
- CChemistry 2017 Dec 19; 23(71):17894-17897
- Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of the culture broth of Actinomadura sp. TP-A0019 led to the isolation of quinocidin (1), a cytotoxic antibiotic with an unusual 3,4-dihydroquinolizinium ring. The s...
Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of the culture broth of Actinomadura sp. TP-A0019 led to the isolation of quinocidin (1), a cytotoxic antibiotic with an unusual 3,4-dihydroquinolizinium ring. The structural assignment was made on the basis of high-field NMR experiments and chemical synthesis. Comparison of the spectral properties of 1 with those of its synthetic counterparts revealed that 1 is a racemic mixture of two enantiomers, which showed similar cytotoxicity against HeLa-S3 cells. Nucleophile-trapping experiments demonstrated that 1 captured 2-mercaptoethanol and N-acetyl-l-cysteine by means of a Michael addition-type reaction, but was inert toward 2-aminoethanol and glycolic acid. Notably, the addition of 1 to thiols proceeded smoothly in neutral aqueous media at room temperature. In view of the thiol-trapping ability and the unusual structure, 1 provides a unique scaffold for designing drug leads and protein-labeling probes.
- Functional characterization of O-methyltransferases used to catalyse site-specific methylation in the post-tailoring steps of pradimicin biosynthesis. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Appl Microbiol 2018; 124(1):144-154
- CONCLUSIONS: PdmF and PdmT were involved in 11-O- and 7-O-methylations of the benzo[α]naphthacenequinone moiety of pradimicin, respectively. Methylation of the C-7 hydroxyl group precedes methylation of the C-11 hydroxyl group in pradimicin biosynthesis.This is the first reported demonstration of the functions of PdmF and PdmT for regiospecific O-methylation, which contributes to better understanding of the post-PKS modifications in pradimicin biosynthesis as well as to rational engineering of the pradimicin biosynthetic machinery.
- Fate of potential indicator antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) and bacterial community diversity in simulated manure-soil microcosms. [Journal Article]
- EEEcotoxicol Environ Saf 2018; 147:817-823
- The aim of this study was to investigate the fate of nine potential indicator antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) (sul1, sul2, tetB, tetM, ermB, ermF, fexA, cfr, intI1) and the diversity of bacteri...
The aim of this study was to investigate the fate of nine potential indicator antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) (sul1, sul2, tetB, tetM, ermB, ermF, fexA, cfr, intI1) and the diversity of bacterial communities in response to poultry manure applications to arable soil over a 90 day period. Quantitative real time PCR and Illumina high-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA gene were used to quantify and trace ARG fate. The levels of all genes dramatically decreased over time and intI1, sul1, sul2 and tetM always had the greatest abundance and lowest dissipation rates. This indicated that more effort should be focused on the ARG elimination from manure rather than waiting for subsequent attenuation in the environment. Our sequencing results documented dramatic changes in the microbial community structure and diversity during these experiments. In poultry manure groups, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were the two dominant phyla while Acidobacteria dominated the control groups. Moreover, the relative abundance of genera Corynebacterium, Pseudomonas, Ochrobactrum, Actinomadura and Bacillus, which contained potential opportunistic pathogens, changed over time suggesting that poultry manure not only strongly influenced bacterial community composition, but also selected specific bacterial communities. This study provides a glimpse of ARG fates and bacterial community diversity in soil after the application of poultry manure.
- Structure elucidation and in silico docking studies of a novel furopyrimidine antibiotics synthesized by endolithic bacterium Actinomadura sp. AL2. [Journal Article]
- WJWorld J Microbiol Biotechnol 2017 Sep 20; 33(10):178
- On screening of endolithic actinobacteria from a granite rock sample of Meghalaya for antibacterial compound, a novel antibacterial compound CCp1 was isolated from the fermentation broth of Actinomad...
On screening of endolithic actinobacteria from a granite rock sample of Meghalaya for antibacterial compound, a novel antibacterial compound CCp1 was isolated from the fermentation broth of Actinomadura sp. AL2. On purification of the compound based on chromatographic techniques followed by characterization with FT-IR, UV-visible,1H NMR,13C NMR and mass spectrometry, the molecular formula of the compound was generated as C20H17N3O2, a furopyrimidine derivative. In vitro antibacterial activity of the compound was evaluated against both Gram positive and negative bacteria by agar well diffusion assay. The compound had lowest MIC (2.00 µg/ml) for Bacillus subtilis and highest MIC (> 64 µg/ml) for Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The study revealed that the compound has potential antibacterial activity. The mode of action of the antibacterial compound was evaluated through in silico studies for its ability to bind DNA gyrase, 30S RNA molecules, OmpF porins and N-Acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GlmU). The antibacterial compound demonstrated more favorable docking with DNA gyrase, 30S RNA molecules and OmpF porins than GlmU which support the antibacterial compound CCp1 can be as a promising broad spectrum antibiotic agent with "multitarget" characteristics.
- Antibacterial Activity of Endophytic Actinomycetes Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Vochysia divergens (Pantanal, Brazil). [Journal Article]
- FMFront Microbiol 2017; 8:1642
- Endophytic actinomycetes from medicinal plants produce a wide diversity of secondary metabolites (SM). However, to date, the knowledge about endophytes from Brazil remains scarce. Thus, we analyzed t...
Endophytic actinomycetes from medicinal plants produce a wide diversity of secondary metabolites (SM). However, to date, the knowledge about endophytes from Brazil remains scarce. Thus, we analyzed the antimicrobial potential of 10 actinomycetes isolated from the medicinal plant Vochysia divergens located in the Pantanal sul-mato-grossense, an unexplored wetland in Brazil. Strains were classified as belonging to the Aeromicrobium, Actinomadura, Microbacterium, Microbispora, Micrococcus, Sphaerisporangium, Streptomyces, and Williamsia genera, through morphological and 16S rRNA phylogenetic analyzes. A susceptibility analysis demonstrated that the strains were largely resistant to the antibiotics oxacillin and nalidixic acid. Additionally, different culture media (SG and R5A), and temperatures (28 and 36°C) were evaluated to select the best culture conditions to produce the active SM. All conditions were analyzed for active metabolites, and the best antibacterial activity was observed from metabolites produced with SG medium at 36°C. The LGMB491 (close related to Aeromicrobium ponti) extract showed the highest activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), with a MIC of 0.04 mg/mL, and it was selected for SM identification. Strain LGMB491 produced 1-acetyl-β-carboline (1), indole-3-carbaldehyde (2), 3-(hydroxyacetyl)-indole (4), brevianamide F (5), and cyclo-(L-Pro-L-Phe) (6) as major compounds with antibacterial activity. In this study, we add to the knowledge about the endophytic community from the medicinal plant V. divergens and report the isolation of rare actinomycetes that produce highly active metabolites.
- Insights on the Effects of Heat Pretreatment, pH, and Calcium Salts on Isolation of Rare Actinobacteria from Karstic Caves. [Journal Article]
- FMFront Microbiol 2017; 8:1535
- The phylum Actinobacteria is one of the most ubiquitously present bacterial lineages on Earth. In the present study, we try to explore the diversity of cultivable rare Actinobacteria in Sigangli Cave...
The phylum Actinobacteria is one of the most ubiquitously present bacterial lineages on Earth. In the present study, we try to explore the diversity of cultivable rare Actinobacteria in Sigangli Cave, Yunnan, China by utilizing a combination of different sample pretreatments and under different culture conditions. Pretreating the samples under different conditions of heat, setting the isolation condition at different pHs, and supplementation of media with different calcium salts were found to be effective for isolation of diverse rare Actinobacteria. During our study, a total of 204 isolates affiliated to 30 genera of phylum Actinobacteria were cultured. Besides the dominant Streptomyces, rare Actinobacteria of the genera Actinocorallia, Actinomadura, Agromyces, Alloactinosynnema, Amycolatopsis, Beutenbergia, Cellulosimicrobium, Gordonia, Isoptericola, Jiangella, Knoellia, Kocuria, Krasilnikoviella, Kribbella, Microbacterium, Micromonospora, Mumia, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Nocardioides, Nocardiopsis, Nonomuraea, Oerskovia, Pseudokineococcus, Pseudonocardia, Rhodococcus, Saccharothrix, Streptosporangium, and Tsukamurella were isolated from these cave samples.
- Effect of inoculation of Burkholderia sp. strain SJ98 on bacterial community dynamics and para-nitrophenol, 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol, and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol degradation in soil. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2017 Jul 20; 7(1):5983
- para-Nitrophenol (PNP), 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3M4NP), and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol (2C4NP) are highly toxic compounds that have caused serious environmental issues. We inoculated an artificially cont...
para-Nitrophenol (PNP), 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (3M4NP), and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol (2C4NP) are highly toxic compounds that have caused serious environmental issues. We inoculated an artificially contaminated soil with Burkholderia sp. strain SJ98, which has the ability to degrade PNP, 3M4NP, and 2C4NP, and quantified bioremediation. There was accelerated degradation of all nitrophenols in inoculated treatments compared to the un-inoculated treatments. The indigenous bacteria were able to degrade PNP, but not 3M4NP or 2C4NP. Real-time PCR targeting the catabolic gene pnpA showed that levels of strain SJ98 remained stable over the incubation period. High-throughput sequencing revealed that both contamination and bioaugmentation influenced the bacterial community structure. Bioaugmentation seemed to protect Kineosporia, Nitrososphaera, and Schlesneria from nitrophenol inhibition, as well as led to a sharp increase in the abundance of Nonomuraea, Kribbella, and Saccharopolyspora. There was a significant increase in the relative abundances of Thermasporomyces, Actinomadura, and Streptomyces in both contaminated and bioaugmented treatments; this indicated that these bacteria are likely directly related to nitrophenol degradation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the simultaneous removal of PNP, 3M4NP, and 2C4NP using bioaugmentation. This study provides valuable insights into the bioremediation of soils contaminated with nitrophenols.
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- Microbial association with the dynamics of particulate organic carbon in response to the amendment of elevated CO2-derived wheat residue into a Mollisol. [Journal Article]
- STSci Total Environ 2017 Dec 31; 607-608:972-981
- As the chemical quality of crop residue is likely to be affected by elevated CO2(eCO2), residue amendments may influence soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration. However, in Mollisols, the dynamics o...
As the chemical quality of crop residue is likely to be affected by elevated CO2(eCO2), residue amendments may influence soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration. However, in Mollisols, the dynamics of the SOC fractions in response to amendment with wheat residue produced under eCO2and the corresponding microbial community composition remain unknown. Such investigation is essential to residue management, which affects the soil quality and productivity of future farming systems. To narrow this knowledge gap,13C-labeled shoot and root residue derived from ambient CO2(aCO2) or eCO2were amended into Mollisols and incubated for 200days. The soil was sampled during the incubation period to determine the residue-C retained in the three SOC fractions, i.e., coarse intra-aggregate particulate organic C (coarse iPOC), fine iPOC and mineral-associated organic C (MOC). The soil bacterial community was assessed using a MiSeq sequencing instrument. The results showed that the increase in SOC concentrations attributable to the application of the wheat residue primarily occurred in the coarse iPOC fraction. Compared with the aCO2-derived shoot residue, the amendment of eCO2-derived shoot residue resulted in greater SOC concentrations, whereas no significant differences (P>0.05) were observed between the aCO2- and eCO2-derived roots. Principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) showed that the residue amendment significantly (P≤0.05) altered the bacterial community composition compared with the non-residue amendment. Additionally, the bacterial community in the aCO2-derived shoot treatment differed from those in the other residue treatments until day 200 of the incubation period. The eCO2-derived shoot treatment significantly increased (P≤0.05) the relative abundances of the genera Acidobacteriaceae_(Subgroup_1)_uncultured, Bryobacter, Candidatus_Solibacter, Gemmatimonas and Nitrosomonadaceae_uncultured, whereas the opposite trend was observed in Nonomuraea, Actinomadura, Streptomyces and Arthrobacter (P≤0.05). These results imply that the response of the microbial community to the eCO2-derived shoot treatment is associated with its contribution to the POC fractions.