- Low sense of coherence is associated with anxiety among adults: Results based on data from all 47 prefectures of Japan. [Journal Article]
- CPCompr Psychiatry 2018 Aug 14; 86:131-136
- CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that approximately one-fifth of adults in Japan suffer from anxiety and that low SOC is a significant risk factor.
- Psychiatric Aeromedical Evacuations of Deployed Active Duty U.S. Military Personnel During Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, and New Dawn. [Journal Article]
- MMMil Med 2018 Aug 14
- CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric conditions are one of the leading reasons for the aeromedical evacuation of active duty military personnel from the military combat theater. For many active duty military personnel, a psychiatric aeromedical evacuation from a combat theater is the start of a military career-ending event that results in separation from active duty. This finding has important clinical and operational implications for the evaluation and treatment of psychiatric conditions during military deployments. Whenever possible, deployed military behavioral health providers should attempt to treat psychiatric patients in theater to help them remain in theater to complete their operational deployments. Improved understanding of the factors related to psychiatric aeromedical evacuations will provide important clinical and policy implications for future conflicts.
- Exploring the associations between systemic inflammation, obesity and healthy days: a health related quality of life (HRQOL) analysis of NHANES 2005-2008. [Journal Article]
- BOBMC Obes 2018; 5:21
- CONCLUSIONS: Systemic inflammation appears to mediate the association between obesity and physical unhealthy days. Clinically raised inflammation is an independent determinant of physical and mental unhealthy days. Importantly, elevated (but sub-clinical) inflammation is also negatively associated with physical healthy days, and may warrant more attention from a population health perspective than currently appreciated.
- Psychiatric comorbidity as a risk factor for mortality in people with anorexia nervosa. [Journal Article]
- EAEur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Aug 17
- Anorexia nervosa (AN) is found associated with increased mortality. Frequent comorbidities of AN include substance use disorders (SUD), affective disorders (AD) and personality disorders (PD). We inv...
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is found associated with increased mortality. Frequent comorbidities of AN include substance use disorders (SUD), affective disorders (AD) and personality disorders (PD). We investigated the influence of these psychiatric comorbidities on all-cause mortality with demographic and socioeconomic factors considered as confounders in the observation window between January 2007 and March 2016 for 1970 people with AN, using data from the case register of the South London and Maudsley (SLaM) NHS Foundation Trust, an almost monopoly-secondary mental healthcare service provider in southeast London. We retrieved data from its Clinical Records Interactive Search (CRIS) system as data source. Mortality was ascertained through nationwide tracing by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) linked to CRIS database on a monthly basis. A total of 43 people with AN died during the observation period. Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) with England and Wales population in 2012 as standard population for our study cohort was 5.21 (95% CI 3.77, 7.02). In univariate analyses, the comorbidity of SUD or PD was found to significantly increase the relative risks of mortality (HRs = 3.10, 95% CI 1.21, 7.92; and 2.58, 95% CI 1.23, 5.40, respectively). After adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic covariates as confounders, moderately but not significantly elevated risks were identified for SUD (adjusted HR = 1.39, 95% CI 0.53, 3.65) and PD (adjusted HR = 1.58, 95% CI 0.70, 3.56). These results suggest an elevated mortality in people with AN, which might be, at least partially, explained by the existence of the comorbidities SUD or PD.
- Longitudinal associations between psychotic experiences and disordered eating behaviours in adolescence: a UK population-based study. [Journal Article]
- LCLancet Child Adolesc Health 2018; 2(8):591-599
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that psychotic experiences are markers of increased risk for several disordered eating behaviours in late adolescence, possibly by indicating more severe psychopathology in early adolescence. More research investigating shared risk factors for psychotic experiences and eating disorders is warranted to elucidate shared and specific causal pathways.
- Peripheral blood mitochondrial DNA copy number as a novel potential biomarker for diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes patients. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 16(2):1483-1492
- The mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) is a surrogate measure of mitochondrial function and altered mtDNA-CN reflects the oxidant-induced cell damage. A previous study by our group demonstrated...
The mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) is a surrogate measure of mitochondrial function and altered mtDNA-CN reflects the oxidant-induced cell damage. A previous study by our group demonstrated that a reduction in the renal mtDNA-CN is implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), a leading cause of end-stage renal disease in diabetic patients. In the present study, it was investigated whether the mtDNA-CN in the peripheral blood may be utilized as a biomarker for DN in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. The study included 50 non-diabetic and 100 diabetic subjects. The diabetic subjects were sub-divided based on their albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) into T2D patients with normoalbuminuria (n=50), DN patients with microalbuminuria (n=29) and DN patients with macroalbuminuria (n=21). The mtDNA-CN was measured in the peripheral blood by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. Patients with DN had a lower mtDNA-CN than patients with T2D and healthy controls (P<0.05). A sub-group analysis with stratification by the ACR indicated that a decreased mtDNA-CN was associated with the severity and the presence of DN, as it was lower in DN patients with macroalbuminuria than in DN patients with microalbuminuria and T2D patients with normoalbuminuria (P<0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for mtDNA-CN was 0.916 (sensitivity, 86% and specificity, 74%) and 0.961 (sensitivity, 96% and specificity, 88%) for differentiating DN patients from T2D patients without DN and from healthy controls, respectively. Furthermore, the AUC of mtDNA-CN for differentiating DN patients with microalbuminuria from those with macroalbuminuria was 0.895 (sensitivity, 83% and specificity, 85%). Multivariate analysis revealed that the mtDNA-CN was significantly associated with the occurrence and progression of DN, even after adjustment for age, mean blood pressure, glycated haemoglobin A1c and total cholesterol (P<0.05). In patients with DN, a decreased mtDNA-CN was negatively correlated with albuminuria and conventional risk factors for DN, and was positively correlated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate. The present results therefore suggest the utilization of circulating mtDNA-CN as a novel biomarker for the early diagnosis of DN and indicate the significance of decreased mtDNA-CN as another independent risk factor for DN.
- LH/FSH Ratio Is Associated With Visceral Adipose Dysfunction in Chinese Women Older Than 55. [Journal Article]
- FEFront Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018; 9:419
- No study examined the association of luteinizing hormone to follicular stimulating hormone (LH/FSH) ratio with both visceral obesity outside the context of polycystic ovary syndrome. Thus, we hypothe...
No study examined the association of luteinizing hormone to follicular stimulating hormone (LH/FSH) ratio with both visceral obesity outside the context of polycystic ovary syndrome. Thus, we hypothesized that the LH/FSH ratio was associated with visceral adipose accumulation and dysfunction among Chinese women older than 55. From 2014 to 2015, a total of 2,525 women aged 55-89 years were identified from a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of metabolic diseases and risk factors in East China. Anthropometric indices, biochemical parameters, sex hormones and clinical characteristics were measured. Visceral adipose accumulation and function were identified by visceral adiposity index (VAI), Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) and lipid accumulation product (LAP). Linear regression and logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the association. A total of 1,462 (57.9%) participants had visceral obesity. In the linear regression, after full adjustment for demographic variables, metabolic factors, total testosterone (T), and estradiol (E2), LH/FSH ratio was positively associated with all indices estimating visceral obesity [B (95% CI): Log VAI 0.060 (0.030-0.090), Log CVAI 0.045 (0.029-0.061), Log LAP 0.103 (0.063-0.142), all P < 0.001]. Logistic regression analyses showed that the risk of visceral obesity increased with increasing LH/FSH ratio after controlling for age and smoking [OR (95% CI): 1.99 (1.52, 2.59), P < 0.001]. After further controlling for metabolic factors, the association was attenuated but remained significant [OR (95% CI): 1.89 (1.42, 2.53), P < 0.001]. The OR of visceral obesity in the fully adjusted model was 1.83 (95% CI 1.37, 2.45) (P < 0.001). Thus, high LH/FSH ratio was significantly associated with visceral adipose over-accumulation and dysfunction in women over 55 years old. This ratio may be an early marker for metabolic disorders in Chinese women older than 55, which warrants further investigation.
- Core Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder among Palliative Care Patients. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Aug 16; 15(8)
- A valid method to diagnose depression in palliative care has not been established. In this study, we aim to determine the prevalence of depression and the discriminant validity of the items of four s...
A valid method to diagnose depression in palliative care has not been established. In this study, we aim to determine the prevalence of depression and the discriminant validity of the items of four sets of diagnostic criteria in palliative care. This is a cross-sectional study on 240 palliative care patients where the presence of depression was based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM⁻IV Criteria, Modified DSM⁻IV Criteria, Cavanaugh Criteria, and Endicott's Criteria's. Anxiety, depression, and distress were measured with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Distress Thermometer. The prevalence of depression among the palliative care patients was highest based on the Modified DSM⁻IV Criteria (23.3%), followed by the Endicott's Criteria (13.8%), DSM⁻IV Criteria (9.2%), and Cavanaugh Criteria (5%). There were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the depressive symptoms showed by DSM⁻IV item 1 (dysphoric mood), item 2 (loss of interest or pleasure), and Endicott's criteria item 8 (brooding, self-pity, or pessimism) among the palliative patients, even after adjustment for the anxiety symptoms and distress level. We found that dysphoric mood, loss of interest, and pessimism are the main features of depression in palliative patients. These symptoms should be given more attention in identifying depression in palliative care patients.
- A comprehensive analysis of the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a sample of outpatients with adjustment disorder and depressive episode. [Journal Article]
- IJIr J Psychol Med 2018; 35(1):53-61
- CONCLUSIONS: The BDI-II should primarily be viewed as a unidimensional scale, and should be scored as such. Although it is not recommended that scores on individual subscales are used in isolation, they may prove useful in clinical assessment and/or treatment planning if used in conjunction with total scores.
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- The association between post-traumatic stress disorder and coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis. [Journal Article]
- APAustralas Psychiatry 2018 Aug 16; :1039856218789779
- CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates an association between CHD and PTSD.