- Efficacy of four cleaning solutions for the decontamination of selected cytotoxic drugs on the different surfaces of an automated compounding system. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Occup Environ Hyg 2018 Sep 19; :1-25
- The automated aseptic preparation of ready-to-administer antineoplastic drug solutions with robotic systems reduces the risk of occupational exposure. However, the surfaces in the preparation area of...
The automated aseptic preparation of ready-to-administer antineoplastic drug solutions with robotic systems reduces the risk of occupational exposure. However, the surfaces in the preparation area of the robot are to be cleaned by wiping with an appropriate cleaning solution. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cleaning efficacy of four cleaning solutions on four surface materials installed in the APOTECAchemo robot. Predefined amounts of cisplatin (Cis), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cyclophosphamide (CP) were intentionally spread on test plates made of stainless steel, aluminium, polyoxymethylene and polycarbonate just as installed in the robotic system APOTECAchemo. After drying, the plates were cleaned with 0.2% ethanolic NaOH, 0.23% isopropanolic sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS-2P), 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 0.1% benzalkonium chloride (BZK) solutions following a standardized wiping protocol. Residual contamination was recovered with wipe tests, Pt was quantified by voltammetry, and 5-FU and CP was quantified by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MSMS). The mean residual contamination after cleaning and the cleaning efficacy (CE) rates were calculated and aggregated on different levels. The CE rates varied between 81.5% and 100% and lay in the majority of cases above 90%. The lowest CE rates were registered for Pt contamination. Especially on aluminium surfaces the residual contamination was high. The overall CE rates of the three different drugs and four different surface types amounted to 98.3% for NaOCl, 97.9% for SDS-2P, 96.9% for ethanolic NaOH, and 96.5% for BZK. The tested cleaning solutions proved to be higher than 90% in most cases, but none of them was able to eliminate 100% of the intentional surface contamination of three antineoplastic drugs on the test plates. The cleaning efficacy varied according to the different surface types and antineoplastic drug. Results could be used in the daily clinical practice to develop and implement effective cleaning procedures.
- Fluorouracil and bevacizumab plus anakinra for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory to standard therapies (IRAFU): a single-arm phase 2 study. [Journal Article]
- OOncoimmunology 2018; 7(9):e1474319
- In preclinical models, IL-1β inhibition could enhance the efficacy of fluorouracil (5-FU). In this phase 2 study, we assessed the activity and safety of 5-FU plus bevacizumab and anakinra (an IL-1β a...
In preclinical models, IL-1β inhibition could enhance the efficacy of fluorouracil (5-FU). In this phase 2 study, we assessed the activity and safety of 5-FU plus bevacizumab and anakinra (an IL-1β and α inhibitor) in patients with metastatic colorectal (mCRC) refractory to chemotherapy and anti-angiogenic therapy. Eligible patients had unresectable mCRC; were refractory or intolerant to fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, oxaliplatin, anti-VEGF therapy, and anti-EGFR therapy (for tumors with wild-type KRAS). Patients were treated with a simplified acid folinic plus 5-FU regimen and bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) both administered by intravenous infusion for 30 min every 2 weeks. Anakinra (100 mg) was injected subcutaneously once daily. The primary endpoint was the 2-month response rate determined upon CHOI criteria. Thirty two patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were enrolled. Five patients demonstrated response (Choi criteria) and 22 patients had stable disease as the best 2-month overall response. Median progression-free and overall survival were 5.4 (95% CI, 3.6-6.6) and 14.5 months (95% CI, 9-20.6) respectively. Twenty patients experienced grade 3 toxicity. No grade 4 or 5 toxicity related to therapy occurred. The most common grade 3 adverse events were neutropenia in 8 (25%) patients, digestive side effects in 7 (21.9%) patients and hypertension in 6 (18.75%) patients. No treatment-related deaths or serious adverse events were reported.5-FU plus bevacizumab and anakinra has promising activity and a manageable safety profile, suggesting that this combination might become a potential treatment option for patients with refractory mCRC.
- Long noncoding RNA LINC00261 induces chemosensitization to 5-fluorouracil by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD in human esophageal cancer. [Journal Article]
- FJFASEB J 2018 Sep 18; :fj201800759R
- Approximately 85% of a single administered dose of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) will be degraded by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DYPD). Studies have highlighted a link between the complete or partial lo...
Approximately 85% of a single administered dose of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) will be degraded by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DYPD). Studies have highlighted a link between the complete or partial loss of DYPD function and clinical responses to 5-FU; however, the underlying molecular basis of DPD deficiency remains poorly understood. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevailing hypothesis which suggests that overexpression of LINC00261 possesses the ability to modulate the methylation-dependent repression of DPYD, ultimately resulting in an elevation of the sensitivity of human esophageal cancer cells to 5-FU. LINC00261 levels were initially quantified, followed by analysis of DYPD methylation within the cancerous tissues collected from 75 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer undergoing 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy. In an attempt to determine the levels of LINC00261 related to the esophageal cancer cell resistance to 5-FU and to identify the interaction between the levels of LINC00261 and methylation of the DYPD promoter, esophageal cancer cells TE-1 and -5 were prepared, in which LINC00261 and the 5-FU-resistant TE-1 and -5 cells were overexpressed. The levels of LINC00261 were reduced among the cancerous tissues obtained from patients exhibiting resistance to 5-FU. Overexpression of LINC00261 was determined to dramatically inhibit proliferation and resistance to apoptosis among 5-FU-resistant TE-1 and -5 cells, whereas silencing of LINC00261 was determined to enhance proliferation and resistance to apoptosis among the TE-1 and -5 cells. DPYD, a confirmed target of LINC00261, displayed a greater incidence of DNA methylation among patient's sensitive to 5-FU. A key finding revealed that overexpressed LINC00261 could increase the methylation of the DPYD promoter through the recruitment of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT), which, in turn, acts to decrease DPYD activity in 5-FU-resistant TE-1 cells, whereas a reversible change was recorded once the demethylation reagent 5-aza-2'-deoxyctidine was employed to treat the 5-FU-resistant TE-1 cells. Taken together, the results of the study provided evidence emphasizing the distinct antitumor ability of LINC00261 in cases of esophageal cancer, which was manifested by overexpression of LINC00261 detected to increase the sensitivity of human esophageal cancer cells to 5-FU by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD. Our study highlighted the potential of LINC00261 as a novel target capable of improving the chemotherapeutic response and survival of patients with esophageal cancer.-Lin, K., Jiang, H., Zhuang, S.-S., Qin, Y.-S., Qiu, G.-D., She, Y.-Q., Zheng, J.-T., Chen, C., Fang, L., Zhang, S.-Y. Long noncoding RNA LINC00261 induces chemosensitization to 5-fluorouracil by mediating methylation-dependent repression of DPYD in human esophageal cancer.
- Involved-field chemoradiotherapy for postoperative solitary lymph node recurrence of esophageal cancer. [Journal Article]
- EEsophagus 2018; 15(4):256-262
- CONCLUSIONS: Involved-field CRT for postoperative solitary LN recurrence of ESCC did not cause ENF and was without severe toxicities. Two factors, a length of the metastatic LN < 25 mm and the absence of s-p53-Abs may improve the treatment outcome. Involved-field CRT is a treatment option worthy of consideration for postoperative solitary LN recurrence of ESCC.
- MAVERICC, a randomized, biomarker-stratified, phase 2 study of mFOLFOX6-bevacizumab vs FOLFIRI-bevacizumab as first-line chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer. [Journal Article]
- CCClin Cancer Res 2018 Sep 17
- CONCLUSIONS: First-line FOLFIRI-BV and mFOLFOX6-BV had comparable PFS and OS, similar to results in patients with high baseline tumor ERCC1 levels. There were no new safety signals with these BV-containing regimens. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01374425.
- Efficacy of pegfilgrastim administration in patients with esophageal cancer treated with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil. [Journal Article]
- PPharmazie 2018 Oct 01; 73(10):613-616
- Chemotherapy is among the standard treatments for esophageal cancer. The docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil, and cisplatin (DCF) protocol yields a better response rate than 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin. Howe...
Chemotherapy is among the standard treatments for esophageal cancer. The docetaxel, 5-fluorouracil, and cisplatin (DCF) protocol yields a better response rate than 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin. However, the incidence of side effects, such as febrile neutropenia and hematologic toxicity, is also significantly high with the DCF protocol. The granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and pegfilgrastim are prophylactically administered to prevent febrile neutropenia. This retrospective study evaluated the efficacy and safety of pegfilgrastim in patients receiving DCF therapy. Of the 65 patients who were administered DCF therapy in our hospital from 2011 through 2016, 21 received pegfilgrastim 24 hours or more after the end of chemotherapy. The protocol comprised 70 mg/m2 each of docetaxel and cisplatin on day 1 and 700 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil on days 1 to 5 via intravenous injection in a 3-week cycle. The primary endpoint was the rate of grade 3-4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia. The mean patient age was 66.4 years. The incidence of grade 3 and 4 neutropenia was 14.2 % and 11.4 %, respectively, in the pegfilgrastim group and 31.9 % and 37.8 %, respectively, in the non-pegfilgrastim group. The incidence of febrile neutropenia in the pegfilgrastim group and non-pegfilgrastim group was 11.4 % and 40.3 %, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the incidence of neutropenia and febrile neutropenia was significantly different (p<0.05) between the two groups. Pegfilgrastim prevents severe neutropenia and febrile neutropenia in patients with esophageal cancer who are treated according to the DCF protocol.
- The efficacy of induction chemotherapy in the treatment of stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma in intensity modulated radiotherapy era. [Journal Article]
- OOOral Oncol 2018; 85:95-100
- CONCLUSIONS: In present study, we found that induction chemotherapy caused deleterious effect on stage II NPC patients. However, this is a retrospective study and the adverse effects of induction chemotherapy has not been previously reported. It warrants further investigation.
- [MiR--210 promotes 5--fluorouracil resistance in breast cancer cells by increasing the antioxidant activity mediated by GPX1]. [Journal Article]
- ZBZhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Sep 08; 47(9):721-722
- Effectiveness and tolerability of neoadjuvant pertuzumab-containing regimens for HER2-positive localized breast cancer. [Journal Article]
- BCBreast Cancer Res Treat 2018 Sep 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Pertuzumab-based regimens, including THP, resulted in higher pCR rates as compared to ddAC-TH, with the THP regimen associated with the best tolerability among patients with localized HER2+ breast cancer. Given the various neoadjuvant regimens, additional studies are needed to determine optimal treatment sequencing and escalation/de-escalation strategies to personalize neoadjuvant regimens for localized HER2+ breast cancer.
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- A first-principles study of pristine and Al-doped activated carbon interacting with 5-Fluorouracil anticancer drug. [Journal Article]
- EPEur Phys J E Soft Matter 2018 Sep 19; 41(9):107
- The adsorption of the 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) molecule on the pristine and Al-doped activated carbon (AC) was investigated by using the Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package. It is found that the 5-FU mo...
The adsorption of the 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) molecule on the pristine and Al-doped activated carbon (AC) was investigated by using the Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package. It is found that the 5-FU molecule is only weakly adsorbed on the pristine AC with high adsorption energy and large surface distance. The adsorption of the 5-FU molecule on pristine AC is highly disfavored. In contrast, the molecule shows strong interactions with the Al-doped AC confirmed by the lesser adsorption energy, the charge transfers on the Al-modified zone and the significant changes in the DOS at the Fermi level. The results of our study suggest that the Al dopant increases the adsorption capacity of AC enhancing its interactions with polar atoms of the adsorbate, hence improving its adsorption properties.