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4,241 results
  • Psychiatric disorders, personality and neuropsychological alterations in Erdheim-Chester disease. [Letter]
    Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2023 Jan 11; 18(1):9.Soumet-Leman C, Rotge JY, … Haroche J
  • Although neurological manifestations and changes in brain volumes have been described in Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), it remains unknown whether ECD may be associated with psychiatric symptoms and cognitive dysfunctions. We assessed the presence of psychiatric disorders, changes in temperaments and characters, and neuropsychological performances in 32 ECD patients (mean age = 59) younger than 7…
  • The structure of mood and anxiety disorder symptoms in the perinatal period. [Journal Article]
    J Affect Disord. 2023 Jan 04; 325:231-239.Miller ML, O'Hara MW
  • CONCLUSIONS: A three-factor model consisting of Distress, Fear and Bipolar latent factors was the best-fitting model in pregnancy and the postpartum period and showed stability across time. The structure of internalizing symptoms has important implications for future perinatal research and can be utilized to guide treatment by highlighting which psychiatric symptoms may be most similar during the perinatal period.
  • Anxiety Disorders: A Review. [Review]
    JAMA. 2022 12 27; 328(24):2431-2445.Szuhany KL, Simon NM
  • CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety disorders affect approximately 34% of adults during their lifetime in the US and are associated with significant distress and impairment. First-line treatments for anxiety disorders include cognitive behavioral therapy, SSRIs such as sertraline, and SNRIs such as venlafaxine extended release.
  • Avoidance Behavior in Patients with Chronic Dizziness: A Prospective Observational Study. [Journal Article]
    J Clin Med. 2022 Dec 16; 11(24)Prell T, Axer H
  • Avoidance behavior in adults with chronic dizziness is common. Here, we analyzed factors that are associated with avoidance behavior in a sample of adults with chronic dizziness and/or vertigo. Therefore, 595 patients with chronic vertigo and dizziness who had been subjected to our 5-day multimodal treatment program in a tertiary care outpatient clinic for vertigo and dizziness were prospectively…
  • Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents. [Journal Article]
    Am Fam Physician. 2022 12; 106(6):657-664.Kowalchuk A, Gonzalez SJ, Zoorob RJ
  • Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents, affecting nearly 1 in 12 children and 1 in 4 adolescents. Anxiety disorders include specific phobias, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. Risk factors include parental history of anxiety disorders, socioeconomic stressors, expos…
  • School attendance problems in adolescent with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. [Journal Article]
    Front Psychol. 2022; 13:1017619.Niemi S, Lagerström M, Alanko K
  • Introduction: A link between having a neurodevelopmental disorder, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and school absenteeism, has been found in previous studies. Why ADHD poses a risk for absenteeism remains unclear, and insight into the mechanisms of the association is needed. The aim of the present study was to investigate school attendance problems (SAP) and both the sympt…
  • Experiences of Patients and Therapists Testing a Virtual Reality Exposure App for Symptoms of Claustrophobia: Mixed Methods Study. [Journal Article]
    JMIR Ment Health. 2022 Dec 05; 9(12):e40056.Mayer G, Gronewold N, … Schultz JH
  • CONCLUSIONS: Key elements of a VRE app for claustrophobic symptoms should include variation of intensity by adding challenging cues in order to evoke presence and anxiety. Virtual humans are a suitable possibility to make the intervention realistic and to provide a sense of closeness; however, some of the fears might then be related to symptoms of social phobia or agoraphobia. Patients may need the physical presence of a therapist, though not all of them share this view. A higher degree of sophistication in the intensity levels is needed to deliver targeted help for specific symptoms of anxiety.
  • StatPearls: Claustrophobia [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)VadakkanChristyCUniversity Hospital and Medical CenterSiddiquiWaquarWUMKCBOOK
  • A phobia is a fear which causes significant impairment to a person's ability to live a normal life. An example of life impairment is avoiding the specific object or scenario that is feared. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), there are many categories of anxiety disorders. These include separation anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorde…
  • StatPearls: Social Anxiety Disorder [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)RoseGregory M.GMUniversity Hospital and Medical CenterTadiPrasannaPCreighton University- CHI healthBOOK
  • Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by excessive fear of embarrassment, humiliation, or rejection when exposed to possible negative evaluation by others when engaged in a public performance or social interactions. It is also known as social phobia. Over fifty years ago, in 1966, social phobia was first differentiated from agoraphobia and specific phobias. Since that time, the concept h…
  • The effects of weather on depressive symptoms in patients after cardiac surgery. [Journal Article]
    Psychol Health Med. 2022 Oct 06 [Online ahead of print]Vencloviene J, Beresnevaite M, … Benetis R
  • Patients with cardiovascular disease have depression more often than the general population does. The aim of the study was to detect the associations between the psychological state and weather variables in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting or valve surgery. The prospective study was performed during 2008-2012 in Kaunas, Lithuania. The psychological state of 233 patients was …
  • The longitudinal course of anxiety, depression and apathy through two years after stroke. [Journal Article]
    J Psychosom Res. 2022 Nov; 162:111016.Sagen-Vik U, Finset A, … Dammen T
  • CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to apathy, recovery from anxiety and depression was high. About half of the patients with GAD, social phobia or agoraphobia did not recover. Co-morbid depression and apathy at four months implied a high risk for not recovering at two years. HADS-A and HADS-D cut-off scores of ≥8 were feasible for detection of anxiety and depression disorders two years after stroke.
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