Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.
(Airway obstruction bronchi)
2,644 results
  • Bronchial Leiomyoma: Importance of Preoperative Biopsy for Lung Preserving Surgery. [Case Reports]
    Oman Med J. 2022 Nov; 37(6):e445.Al Kindi AH, Al Ibrahim MT, … Al Ajmi R
  • Tracheobronchial leiomyoma is a rare tumor of the airway. They arise from the lower respiratory tract tissue of the bronchi, trachea, and lung. Symptomatology is based on the degree of endoluminal bronchial obstruction, and surgical resection is generally the mainstay of treatment. We present the case of a 33-year-old male who suffered from chronic cough and breathlessness for two years caused by…
  • Central airway obstruction from lymphomatoid granulomatosis treated with an endobronchial stent. [Case Reports]
    Respir Med Case Rep. 2022; 40:101770.Greenberg DJ, Jaitovich A, Madisi N
  • Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG) is an extremely rare disease and is an unusual cause of central airway obstruction (CAO) with no standard of treatment in these conditions. LG is characterized by angioinvasion and angioinfiltration along with lymphohistiocytic cells. We present a 21-year-old female with LG who developed endobronchial lesions causing malignant CAO and acute hypoxic respiratory fai…
  • StatPearls: Laryngotracheal Stenosis [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)AlmanzarAimeeAAventura Hospital and Medical CenterDanckersMauricioMAventura Hospital and Medical CenterBOOK
  • Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) is a narrowing of the upper airway between the larynx and the trachea with potentially devastating consequences, including respiratory failure, cardiopulmonary arrest, and death. The upper airway is comprised of the larynx, glottis, subglottic region, and trachea. The trachea is a cylindrical-shaped tube with an anterior cartilaginous wall formed by c-shaped rings a…
  • Temporary stenting in a case of bronchomalacia due to relapsing polychondritis. [Case Reports]
    Respirol Case Rep. 2022 Dec; 10(12):e01060.Handa H, Tsuruoka H, … Mineshita M
  • Airway involvement in relapsing polychondritis (RP) can often be debilitating and life threatening. Interventional procedures such as stenting can be useful to improve airway stenosis. This case was diagnosed with RP with a circumferential obstruction at the left main bronchus. We determined that a silicone airway stent would be placed. The silicone stent was removed after 22 months due to granul…
  • Pediatric respiratory tract foreign bodies in children: A systematic review. [Journal Article]
    Auris Nasus Larynx. 2022 Oct 25 [Online ahead of print]Ngamsanga S, Vathanophas V, … Wannarong T
  • CONCLUSIONS: FBs obstructive conditions in respiratory tract of children are serious and life-threatening conditions. The likelihood of death depends on the location of the obstruction, the nature of FB, time to removal, and initial resuscitation. Moreover, even after a FB has been removed, complications can lead to death. Educating parents and immediate treatment is very important. Rapid diagnosis is important factor to prevent complication.
  • Fibrosing Mediastinits Causing Obstruction of Left Lower Lobar Bronchus: A Pediatric Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Taehan Yongsang Uihakhoe Chi. 2022 May; 83(3):744-749.Sim YW, Kim YS, … Jang MH
  • Fibrosing mediastinitis is a rare benign disorder characterized by the proliferation of dense fibrous tissue within the mediastinum. It typically manifests as localized or infiltrative soft-tissue masses in the middle mediastinum or hilar area, which cause compression and encasement of adjacent mediastinal structures, such as the vessels or airway. Here, we report a rare case of fibrosing mediast…
  • Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica: A Rare, Underrecognized Entity. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2022 Sep; 14(9):e28832.Patel PM, Jean ME, … Patel SP
  • Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica (TO) is an extremely rare condition characterized by the presence of nodules made of bone and cartilage within the submucosa of the tracheobronchial wall. These protuberant nodules inside the trachea and bronchi can lead to airway obstruction, resulting in patients who experience recurrent respiratory systems and infections. The exact etiology is unknown.…
  • [Plastic bronchitis]. [Case Reports]
    Ugeskr Laeger. 2022 09 12; 184(37)Thorup L, Carlsen J, … Hjortdal VE
  • Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a rare disease caused by abnormal lymphatic vessels in the thorax. These vessels drain into the bronchi creating solid casts and potential life-threatening airway obstruction. This is a case report of a 30-year-old man diagnosed with PB after several years of extensive examinations due to symptoms misconceived as non-allergic asthma. We describe the first interventional…
  • Traumatic injuries to the trachea and bronchi: a narrative review. [Review]
    Mediastinum. 2022; 6:22.Antonescu I, Mani VR, Agarwal S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Definitive diagnosis of traumatic tracheo-bronchial injuries usually involves direct visualization through liberal use of bronchoscopy in addition to cross-sectional imaging to evaluate for associated injuries, notably to the great vessels and esophagus. Important considerations for management include concerns for airway obstruction, uncontrolled air leak, and mediastinitis. Early repair of injuries recognized acutely is favored in attempts to prevent the development of airway stenosis. Key operative principles include exposure, conservative debridement to preserve length when possible, creation of a tension-free anastomosis, preservation of the blood supply, and creation of a tracheostomy, particularly in polytrauma patients. An interposition muscle flap is also required, specifically in the setting of combined esophageal and airway injuries. Patients with penetrating injuries tend to have more favorable outcomes, possibly on account of fewer concomitant injuries. Selective non-operative management is also an option in the subset of patients with iatrogenic injuries to the posterior membranous wall of the trachea, and includes broad-spectrum antibiotics and surveillance bronchoscopy.
  • StatPearls: Nasopharyngeal Airway [BOOK]
    StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL)Atanelov Z, Aina T, … Rebstock SEBOOK
  • Basic airway management in both the pediatric and adult populations includes assessing and managing airway patency, oxygen delivery, and ventilation. All efforts should be taken to maintain a patient’s airway via non-invasive methodology unless indications for invasive airway management are apparent. Non-invasive airway supplementation includes passive oxygenation (nasal cannula, non-rebreather, …
  • Muscarinic receptor M3 activation promotes fibrocytes contraction. [Journal Article]
    Front Pharmacol. 2022; 13:939780.Henrot P, Eyraud E, … Dupin I
  • Fibrocytes are monocyte-derived cells able to differentiate into myofibroblasts-like cells. We have previously shown that they are increased in the bronchi of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients and associated to worse lung function. COPD is characterized by irreversible airflow obstruction, partly due to an increased cholinergic environment. Our goal was to investigate muscarin…
  • Cryotherapy in the paediatric airway: Indications, success and safety. [Journal Article]
    Respirology. 2022 11; 27(11):966-974.Schramm D, Freitag N, … Stafler P
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this largest paediatric case collection to date, cryotherapy was safe and carried a high success rate. Cryobiopsy compares favourably to the widely used forceps biopsy and could replace it in the future. Paediatric bronchoscopists are encouraged to add cryotherapy to their armamentarium of airway interventions.
  • When bronchoscopy does not suffice for airway foreign body removal: a series of cases requiring tracheotomy. [Journal Article]
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2023 Jan; 280(1):455-459.Samdhani S, Lohar NK, … Gupta A
  • CONCLUSIONS: Foreign body aspiration is an otorhinolaryngologic emergency that can rapidly prove fatal if not well-handled. Though most cases can be dealt with by traditional approaches, a proportion of the cases may prove challenging and need a quick tailoring of response according to the situation at hand. An approach combining tracheotomy with the traditional bronchoscopic approach is one such way and in well-selected cases, can have a significant impact on the outcome; sometimes even in terms of life and death.
  • Airway management in penetrating thoracic trauma. [Review]
    Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther. 2022; 54(3):253-261.Cakmak G, Cansun F, … T Saracoglu K
  • Penetrating thoracic trauma accounts for 20-25% of all deaths due to trauma in the first four decades of life. About 33% of deaths from thoracic trauma occur due to penetrating trauma. In an autopsy study that enrolled 1178 trauma patients, 82% of the patients with tracheobronchial injuries died at the incidence site. In another study, 30% of those who could be transferred to the hospital died. T…
New Search Next