- Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infections traced to contaminated human albumin. [Case Reports]
- CIClin Infect Dis 2000; 30(1):35-40
- In August 1996, a patient in Kansas developed an Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infection (BSI) shortly after receiving Albuminar, a brand of human albumin. Albuminar contamination was suspected. A...
In August 1996, a patient in Kansas developed an Enterobacter cloacae bloodstream infection (BSI) shortly after receiving Albuminar, a brand of human albumin. Albuminar contamination was suspected. A case-control study of patients with primary gram-negative bacterial BSIs showed that patients with E. cloacae BSIs were significantly more likely than patients with non-E. cloacae gram-negative BSIs to have received Albuminar within 3 days of developing their BSIs (3 of 5 vs. 0 of 9; OR, undefined; P=.03). The E. cloacae isolate from the Kansas patient was found by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to be identical to the isolate from the patient's Albuminar vial, to isolates from 2 previously unopened Albuminar vials, and to an isolate from a Wisconsin patient who had received Albuminar. A worldwide recall of approximately 116,000 Albuminar vials took place. This multistate outbreak was detected because of clinical astuteness and prompt reporting. Combined epidemiological and laboratory approaches are valuable when investigating potentially contaminated blood components and plasma derivatives.
- Serum is more effective than albumin in promoting human embryo development and implantation. [Journal Article]
- FSFertil Steril 1995; 64(6):1162-6
- CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that, under certain conditions, serum supplementation yields better results than protein supplementation alone. The latter may be suitable only in conjunction with additional components.
- Comparison between human serum and Albuminar-20 (TM) supplement for in-vitro fertilization. [Journal Article]
- HRHum Reprod 1990; 5(3):336-41
- Patient or fetal cord serum is commonly used as a protein supplement to culture media used in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). To eliminate the variability and possible hazards related to the use of hum...
Patient or fetal cord serum is commonly used as a protein supplement to culture media used in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). To eliminate the variability and possible hazards related to the use of human serum, a well-defined protein supplement, Albuminar-20 (Armour Pharmaceutical Cy) was evaluated as a substitute for serum. Prior to its application in the human, Earle's culture media supplemented with 0.5% (w/v) bovine serum albumin, 8% (v/v) decomplemented patient serum or 2.25% (v/v) Albuminar-20 were compared in a mouse bioassay. For the three different conditions, the percentages of blastocysts formed after 120 h in-vitro culture were respectively 91.2, 85.2 and 87.8% (NS). In the human IVF, a controlled comparison was performed from October to December 1988, between Earle's medium supplemented with patients' serum or Albuminar-20. When oocytes and spermatozoa were cultured in these two media, the fertilization rates were similar, 58.9% in human serum versus 59.4% in Albuminar-20. After further culture, the morphological quality of the cleaved embryos was better in the embryos cultured in Albuminar-20. The higher pregnancy rate in Albuminar-20 was correlated with the better morphological appearance of the embryos and their more advanced cleavage stage at the time of transfer. Therefore, Albuminar-20 can be considered as a suitable protein supplement in human IVF.
- The use of Albuminar 5 as a medium supplement in clinical IVF. [Journal Article]
- HRHum Reprod 1989; 4(6):702-5
- Human serum and Albuminar 5 (A5) were compared as medium supplements to Earle's solution containing pyruvate in clinical IVF. One-hundred patients in each group showed a fertilization rate of 60% wit...
Human serum and Albuminar 5 (A5) were compared as medium supplements to Earle's solution containing pyruvate in clinical IVF. One-hundred patients in each group showed a fertilization rate of 60% with serum and of 62% with A5. The overall pregnancy rates in the serum and A5 groups were 20 and 24%, respectively. The incidence of failed fertilization (6-7%) and of multipronucleate oocytes (4-5%) was similar in both groups. At 37 degrees C, sperm survived less well in A5 although the rate of fertilization was not reduced. Blastocyst formation was not seen in 'spare' embryos grown in vitro in medium containing 15% v/v A5.