- Comparative evaluation of the effect of different disinfecting agents on bond strength of composite resin to dentin using two-step self-etch and etch and rinse bonding systems: An in-vitro study. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Conserv Dent 2018 Jul-Aug; 21(4):424-427
- CONCLUSIONS: Thus, aloe vera can be used as an alternative to chlorhexidine for cavity disinfection.
- Rheological, functional and morphological characterization of reconstituted Aloe vera gels at different levels of pH and concentration: Novel concepts of reconstituted Aloe vera gels formation. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Biol Macromol 2018 Aug 16
- In this study, firstly, gelation process and its optimization at different pH (3-7) and concentration (0.2-1.6%, w/v) on the viscoelastic behavior of reconstituted Aloe vera (A. vera) samples were st...
In this study, firstly, gelation process and its optimization at different pH (3-7) and concentration (0.2-1.6%, w/v) on the viscoelastic behavior of reconstituted Aloe vera (A. vera) samples were studied using response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum condition obtained by numerical optimization for the formulation of reconstituted samples was 1.6%, w/v at pH 7 with desirability of 0.84. Secondly, structural alteration of the reconstituted A. vera gels were evaluated using FTIR, SEM, and TEM at particular pH (3-7) and concentration (0.2-1.6%, w/v). The FTIR spectrum of reconstituted hydrogels showed formation of new hydrogen bond at 3600-3000 cm-1 and deacetylation of acemannan at 1740 cm-1 with increase in A. vera concentration. Moreover, SEM and TEM micrograph images of A. vera xerogel at lower concentrations (0.2-0.4%, w/v) evidenced the intact surface morphology and formation of clumps and at higher concentration (0.8-1.6%, w/v), exhibited rope-like network patterns and composed of spherical aggregates.
- The pivotal role of microRNA-21 in osteoclastogenesis inhibition by anthracycline glycoside aloin. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Nat Med 2018 Aug 16
- Osteopenic disorders such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis are characterized by excessive bone resorption by osteoclasts relative to bone formation by osteoblasts. MicroRNAs are emerging as k...
Osteopenic disorders such as osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis are characterized by excessive bone resorption by osteoclasts relative to bone formation by osteoblasts. MicroRNAs are emerging as key players in bone remodeling, modulating the functions of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Among them, miR-21 is highly expressed in osteoclast precursors and is known to regulate genesis, differentiation, and apoptosis of osteoclasts. The pro-osteoclastogenic nature of miR-21 makes it a potential candidate as a therapeutic target to treat bone disorders. We had previously demonstrated that anthroglycoside aloin derived from Aloe vera was effective in promoting osteoblastogenesis and inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. The present study investigated the role of miR-21 in aloin's inhibitory effect on osteoclast differentiation. Aloin effectively suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NFĸB) ligand (RankL)-induced miR-21 expression via repression of NFĸB activation. MiR-21 suppression resulted in upregulation of osteoclast suppressor programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4), and downregulation of osteoclast marker cathepsin K. Knockdown or gain-of-function studies revealed that miR-21 was pivotal to aloin's inhibitory effect on osteoclastogenesis. This study also highlights the dynamic potential of aloin as a therapeutic agent to treat osteopenic disorders.
- Suppression of DNA/RNA and protein oxidation by dietary supplement which contains plant extracts and vitamins: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. [Journal Article]
- LHLipids Health Dis 2018 Aug 16; 17(1):187
- CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of plant extract based supplement seems to reduce DNA/RNA and protein oxidation and in less extent lipids peroxidation.
- Elucidating efficacy of biomass derived nanocomposites in water and wastewater treatment. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Environ Manage 2018 Aug 13; 226:95-105
- In the present study, two synthesis methods of nanocomposites-one involving a mixture of biomass and the other using chemical modification were investigated to evaluate practical application of green...
In the present study, two synthesis methods of nanocomposites-one involving a mixture of biomass and the other using chemical modification were investigated to evaluate practical application of green approach in pollution control, specifically for water and wastewater treatment. Newer multifunctional superparamagnetic nanocomposites using biomaterials such as unripened fruit of Cassia fistula (Golden shower) and Aloe vera were developed as an example of green approach while chemical modification was illustrated using n-octanol. Two specific model applications were studied for the developed materials-dye removal (Methyl Blue and Congo Red) and disinfection-demonstrating antimicrobial property. To elucidate the multifunctional character, the texture, morphology and composition of the prepared bionanocomposites were studied. The surface area values were 6.2 and 9.8 m2/g for Aloe vera and octanol based nanocomposites while the average pore diameters were 1.79 nm and 5.7 nm respectively, indicating presence of highly developed micropores in the first material having a honeycomb shape and the later showing excellent staircase type formation with larger pores. A very high dye removal to the extent of 100% was obtained that can be attributed largely to the functionalities imparted from Cassia fistula compared to ingredients from Aloe vera and octanol. The nanomaterials could be completely separated with absolute ease by applying simple magnetic field. Also, successful application of the developed materials in disinfection, removal of E. coli, was demonstrated with a very high efficiency of over 95%. The biomass derived nanocomposites exhibit excellent pollutant removal and disinfection properties, even at very low nanoparticle content; octanol based material indicating ∼5 times lowered cost, while the Aloe vera based bionanocomposites have potential for cost reduction to the extent of 10 times as compared to only magnetite nanoparticles, thereby highlighting techno-economical alternative in water and wastewater treatment.
- Therapeutic Intervention of Aloe Gel Containing Nano-Sized and Micron-Sized Silver Sulfadiazine Gel on Second-Degree Burn: A Comparative Study. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Low Extrem Wounds 2018 Aug 16; :1534734618791860
- The current work focuses on the formulation development, optimization, and in vivo assessment of nano-sized silver sulfadiazine ( nSSD) and micron-sized silver sulfadiazine ( mSSD) topical gel compos...
The current work focuses on the formulation development, optimization, and in vivo assessment of nano-sized silver sulfadiazine ( nSSD) and micron-sized silver sulfadiazine ( mSSD) topical gel composed of Aloe vera gel ( Aloe gel) and Carbopol 940 for the management of second-degree burn wound. The optimized concentration of gel-forming agent (Carbopol 940) was chosen based on best possible consistency and spreadability of the gel. The second-degree burn infliction was developed in the posterior region of rats followed by anesthesia. Afterward, the created wounds were further treated individually by both the gel formulation (1 application daily) for 14 days and observations were recorded. The nSSD gel showed better wound healing and a higher degree of tissue hyperplasia as compared with mSSD gel in rats. In vitro drug release study showed better drug release from nSSD gel (74.25 ± 3.331%) as compared with mSSD gel formulation (61.32 ± 2.112%) after 24 hours. The nSSD and mSSD topical gel-treated rats showed 95.63% and 78.75% wound healing after 14 days, while in the case of control group rats, 48.65% wound contraction was seen after 14 days. Furthermore, the histopathological study revealed that the nSSD gel was more efficient in controlling the wound infection and showed better wound healing as compared with mSSD gel formulation.
- Assessing frequency correlation through a distinguishability measurement. [Journal Article]
- OLOpt Lett 2018 Aug 15; 43(16):4045-4048
- The simplicity of a question, such as wondering whether or not correlations characterize a certain system, collides with the experimental difficulty of accessing such information. Here we present a l...
The simplicity of a question, such as wondering whether or not correlations characterize a certain system, collides with the experimental difficulty of accessing such information. Here we present a low-demanding experimental approach that refers to the use of a metrology scheme to obtain a conservative estimate of the strength of frequency correlations. Our test bed is the widespread case of a photon pair produced per downconversion. The theoretical architecture used to put the correlation degree on a quantitative ground is also described.
- On-line incubation and real-time detection by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry for rapidly analyzing metabolites of anthraquinones in rat liver microsomes. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Chromatogr A 2018 Aug 02
- The traditional studies on metabolism in liver microsomes were carried out in off-line form. In this paper, a rapid and convenient method for the study of metabolism of substrates in liver microsomes...
The traditional studies on metabolism in liver microsomes were carried out in off-line form. In this paper, a rapid and convenient method for the study of metabolism of substrates in liver microsomes was established by means of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS): on-line incubation and real-time detection of substrates in liver microsomes. The liver microsomal incubation system was placed in a sample chamber at 37 °C. On-line solid phase extraction (SPE) column was used for on-line sample treatment, its function was to enrich the drug prototype and its metabolites with weak polarity, and elute the phosphate in the samples. The incubation samples were analyzed by setting appropriate injection time, liquid phase elution procedure and mass spectrometry acquisition time. The phase I metabolites of anthraquinone compounds, aloe-emodin (A), rhein (R), emodin (E), chrysophanol (CP), physcion (PS) and their glucosides, were analyzed through this method. The results showed that 8 anthraquinone compounds underwent metabolic reactions such as hydrolysis, oxidation, reduction and hydroxylation in liver microsomal incubation system. In addition, a certain degree of mutual transformation of anthraquinones in liver microsomal incubation system was found. The results provide a reference for in vivo metabolism of anthraquinones in rhubarb. On-line incubation and real-time detection is a feasible, convenient and rapid method for the analysis of drug metabolism in vitro.
- Antimicrobial Activity of a New Aloe vera Formulation for the Hygiene of the Periocular Area. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2018 Aug 10
- CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the novel wipes herein tested possess antimicrobial activity against bacteria and yeast commonly found in the periocular area, and against MDR clinical isolates. The microbial death curves obtained following deliberate contamination of the wipe solution revealed potent bactericidal and fungicidal activity of the formulation.
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- Microencapsulation of Carvacrol Using Pectin/Aloe-gel as a Novel Wound Dressing Films. [Journal Article]
- CTCurr Top Med Chem 2018 Aug 10
- Recently, pectin (PEC) and Aloe-gel (AG) have received great attention for their use in the encapsulation of hydrophobic bioactive compounds such as carvacrol (CAR). The aim of this study is to asses...
Recently, pectin (PEC) and Aloe-gel (AG) have received great attention for their use in the encapsulation of hydrophobic bioactive compounds such as carvacrol (CAR). The aim of this study is to assess the physical, chemical and biological properties of a novel PEC/AG film and evaluate its capability to entrap CAR into microencapsulates. For this purpose, the casting method was used to prepare the PEC/AG membranes (70:30 % w/w). The CAR-loaded PEC/AG film were prepared adding different proportions of CAR (0.25%, 0.50% and 1.00% v/v) to the mixture of PEC/AG, previously emulsified with tween 80 (1.0%). The optical properties, water vapor permeability (WVP), ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, microstructure, antibacterial activity and size of microcapsules were evaluated. The PEC/AG membranes loaded with CAR showed yellowish appearance and they were transparent to the UV electromagnetic radiation (190, 200 and 280 nm). The film prepared with the lowest amount of CAR (PC/AG-CAR-0.25%) showed the highest values of WVP (66.2%) and, according to SEM micrograph, the largest microcapsules (≈1005± 39 µm3). The FTIR analysis showed the characteristic absorption peaks located at 1015 cm-1 to 1030 cm-1 and a small shoulder to 990 cm-1 of benzene ring 1:2:4 substituted that suggested the presence of CAR-loaded in the PC/AG film. On the other hand, E. coli O157:H7 showed the highest sensitivity to the PEC/AG-CAR-1.00% film, while S. aureus was not sensitive.