Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.
(Altered mental status)
7,687 results
  • Stercoral Colitis as a Cause of Altered Mental Status in a Patient With Cerebral Palsy. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e33040.Chowdhary R, Liu B, Husnain M
  • Stercoral colitis (SC) is a rare inflammatory colitis that occurs due to increased intraluminal pressure from impacted fecal content in the colon. Chronic constipation is the major risk factor for this condition. Delayed diagnosis is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with complications ranging from colonic perforation to intestinal ulcers. Patients usually present with non-specific sy…
  • GeneReviews®: Molybdenum Cofactor Deficiency [BOOK]
    GeneReviews®. University of Washington, Seattle: Seattle (WA)Adam MP, Ardinger HH, … Amemiya AMisko A, Mahtani K, … Atwal PBOOK
  • Molybdenum cofactor deficiency (MoCD) represents a spectrum, with some individuals experiencing significant signs and symptoms in the neonatal period and early infancy (termed early-onset or severe MoCD) and others developing signs and symptoms in childhood or adulthood (termed late-onset or mild MoCD). Individuals with early-onset MoCD typically present in the first days of life with severe ence…
  • An Interesting Case of Severe Hyponatremia. [Journal Article]
    Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2023 Jan 30 [Online ahead of print]Persons JE, Stauffer S
  • In this report, we present an unusual and multifactorial case of severe hyponatremia with important clinical implications. The decedent was a 42-year-old woman who was discovered at her place of residence with altered mental status and profuse watery diarrhea. The scene was significant for numerous empty water bottles. She was transported to the emergency department of a local medical center and …
  • Calcium Carbonate (Tums)-Associated Hypercalcemic Crisis. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e32913.Jain H, Murali S, … Amzuta I
  • Hypercalcemic crisis due to severe decompensated hypercalcemia represents a life-threatening medical emergency leading to renal failure and altered mental status. Hypercalcemic crisis most commonly results from hypercalcemia of malignancy, undiagnosed primary hyperparathyroidism, granulomatous diseases, and medication-induced hypercalcemia. Commonly prescribed medications like thiazide diuretics,…
  • Methanol Intoxication-Associated Brain Hemorrhages: Can Early Detection Be Life-Saving? A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Am J Case Rep. 2023 Jan 30; 24:e938749.Decker ME, Briski ND, … Khashan A
  • BACKGROUND Methanol can cause many acute complications when ingested, either intentionally or accidentally. One rare complication is cerebral hemorrhage, which can present with focal neurologic deficits, decreased consciousness, and fixed, dilated pupils. With vigilant monitoring of patients in the acute period of toxicity, rapid identification, and initiation of treatment, outcomes can potential…
  • Gender-dependent impact of COVID-19 lockdown on metabolic and psychological aspects. [Journal Article]
    Intern Emerg Med. 2023 Jan 27 [Online ahead of print]Bonfrate L, Di Ciaula A, … Portincasa P
  • The first COVID-19 lockdown resulted in enforced quarantine of heavily affected areas with social isolation and related measures by several governments to slow the spread of the disease. The general population experienced several mental and lifestyle changes. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the metabolic and psychological effects induced by lifestyle changes during COVID-19 self-isolation among an A…
  • Endovascular thrombectomy for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis using the Penumbra Indigo® Aspiration System. [Journal Article]
    Interv Neuroradiol. 2023 Jan 23 [Online ahead of print]Kothari S, Morsi RZ, … Kass-Hout T
  • We present a 35-year-old male with ulcerative colitis initially admitted for a flare-up who then presented with altered mental status and was found to have extensive cerebral venous sinus thrombosis on computed tomography imaging. The patient underwent successful partial recanalization of the superior sagittal sinus and bilateral transverse sinuses using the Penumbra Indigo® Aspiration System wit…
  • The Serious Impact of Comorbidities on Methemoglobinemia: A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2023 Jan; 15(1):e33923.Eliseu A, Palma C, … Santos F
  • Methemoglobinemia is a rare, life-threatening condition that occurs when the body is exposed to oxidative stress. We present the case of a 72-year-old female with a past medical history of hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and heart failure who was admitted to the emergency department with altered mental status and respiratory failure. After admission, we also identified an atrioventricular bl…
  • Meeting the Challenges of Sepsis in Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Call to Arms. [Journal Article]
    Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Jan; 10(1):ofac645.Walsh TJ, Bright RA, … Simpson SQ
  • Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction that is caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Sepsis may be caused by bacterial, fungal, or viral pathogens. The clinical manifestations exhibited by patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related sepsis overlap with those exhibited by patients with sepsis from secondary bacterial or fungal infections and can include …
  • Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome Associated with Status Epilepticus. [Case Reports]
    J Epilepsy Res. 2022 Dec; 12(2):82-84.Lee JJ
  • Cerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) is defined as a renal loss of sodium in cerebral disorders causing hyponatremia and loss of extracellular fluid volume. Similar laboratory findings may be seen in other conditions such as syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). A 58-year-old male visited our emergency department because of the sudden development of seizures during sl…
  • Vitamin D Toxicity Presenting as Altered Mental Status in Elderly Patients. [Journal Article]
    Cureus. 2022 Dec; 14(12):e32654.Khan UH, Mantoo S, … Shah S
  • Background and objective Around 25-30% of elderly patients present to emergency departments (ED) with altered mental status (AMS), with hypercalcemia being one of the metabolic causes. Elderly patients, due to their multiple vulnerability factors and relative homeostenosis, are susceptible to alterations in mental state at even milder grades of hypercalcemia. There is a trend of overzealous presc…
New Search Next