- [Successful endoscopic ultrasound-guided cyst drainage (EUS-CD) of pancreatic pseudocyst in the abdominal cavity to the cervical region accompanied by spontaneous rupture into the portal vein:a case study]. [Journal Article]
- NSNihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2018; 115(2):219-227
- A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the complaint of neck pain and dyspnea. His blood examination revealed increased C-reactive protein and amylase levels. Enhanced computed tomograph...
A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the complaint of neck pain and dyspnea. His blood examination revealed increased C-reactive protein and amylase levels. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) images demonstrated a retropharyngeal and a mediastinal low-density area extending to the portal area. He was diagnosed with pancreatic pseudocyst from the abdominal cavity to the cervical region accompanied by spontaneous rupture into the portal vein. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided cyst drainage (EUS-CD) of the most inferior cavity around the superior mesenteric artery was performed through the gastric wall. No adverse events were recorded during the procedure, and a near-complete resolution of his symptoms and the pseudocyst was achieved.
- Multifarious plant growth promotion by an entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium psalliotae. [Journal Article]
- MRMicrobiol Res 2018; 207:153-160
- An entomopathogenic fungus, Lecanicillium psalliotae strain IISR-EPF-02 previously found infectious to cardamom thrips, Sciothrips cardamomi promoted plant growth in cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum. T...
An entomopathogenic fungus, Lecanicillium psalliotae strain IISR-EPF-02 previously found infectious to cardamom thrips, Sciothrips cardamomi promoted plant growth in cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum. The isolate exhibited direct plant growth promoting traits by production of indole-3-acetic acid and ammonia and by solubilizing inorganic phosphate and zinc. It also showed indirect plant growth promoting traits by producing siderophores and cell wall-degrading enzymes like, α-amylases, cellulases and proteases. In pot culture experiments, application of the fungus at the root zone of cardamom seedlings significantly increased shoot and root length, shoot and root biomass, number of secondary roots and leaves and leaf chlorophyll content compared to untreated plants. This is the first report on the plant growth promoting traits of this fungus. The entomopathogenic and multifarious growth promoting traits of L. psalliotae strain IISR-EPF-02 suggest that it has great potential for exploitation in sustainable agriculture.
- Acute pancreatitis during GLP-1 receptor agonist treatment. A case report. [Journal Article]
- CMClujul Med 2018; 91(1):117-119
- Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are the newest treatment for diabetes mellitus (DM). These drugs can down-regulate fasting glucose more than oral drugs and lead to more constant g...
Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are the newest treatment for diabetes mellitus (DM). These drugs can down-regulate fasting glucose more than oral drugs and lead to more constant glucose levels compared to regular insulin. Acute pancreatitis is a serious condition that may have a fatal outcome. It has been shown that long term and high doses of GLP-1RA can cause pancreatic changes in animals, but no connection has been proven in humans. We present the case of a 67 years old man with DM treated with oral drugs for 10 years until 3 months before, when GLP-1RA was added. He presented progressive abdominal pain, vomiting, and increased level of serum lipase and amylase were found. Ultrasonography and computed tomography found pancreatic and peripancreatic fatty tissue inflammation (inflammation score 2, necrosis score 0). All the etiologies of acute pancreatitis (lithiasis, alcohol, autoimmune, or trauma) were excluded. After GLP-1RA cessation and supportive treatment the evolution was self-limited with full recovery within 5 days. We concluded that acute pancreatitis can be considered a side effect of the GLP-1 treatment.
- Suppression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor-alpha level by lycopene is comparable to methylprednisolone in acute pancreatitis. [Journal Article]
- DLDig Liver Dis 2018 Feb 02
- CONCLUSIONS: Lycopene prior treatment proved anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects against AP rat model via different mechanisms.
- The protective effects of rutaecarpine on acute pancreatitis. [Journal Article]
- OLOncol Lett 2018; 15(3):3121-3126
- Acute pancreatitis (AP) is the acute inflammation of the pancreas. The morbidity of AP has increased in recent years. Certain patients eventually develop severe AP (SAP), which rapidly progresses to ...
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is the acute inflammation of the pancreas. The morbidity of AP has increased in recent years. Certain patients eventually develop severe AP (SAP), which rapidly progresses to multiple organ dysfunction; the incidence of this occurring in patients with AP is 20-30%. To date, no specific drugs or methods exist to treat this disease. Rutaecarpine relaxes vascular smooth muscle by stimulating calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release via activation of vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1). It has been demonstrated that rutaecarpine induces a therapeutic effect on SAP. The present study was conducted to characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of rutaecarpine against AP using a rat model of AP. Gross pathological changes of the pancreas, as well as the pancreatic tissue histopathological score, were assessed following treatment with rutaecarpine, capsazepine or a combination of the two. Serum amylase activity was detected using an automatic biochemistry analyzer. Changes in the serum concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), IL-10 and CGRP were assessed by ELISA and radioimmunoassay. The results demonstrated that pre-treatment with rutaecarpine markedly decreased pancreatic inflammation and necrosis, reduced the volume of ascites, and significantly increased the plasma concentration of CGRP and the serum concentration of IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine. However, serum concentrations of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased. The effect of rutaecarpine treatment markedly improved with increases in the drug dose. Capsazepine, as a competitive vanilloid receptor antagonist, abolished these protective effects of rutaecarpine against AP. Therefore, the results of the present study indicate that rutaecarpine protects against AP in rats by upregulating endogenous CGRP release via activation VR1 of, to improving the microcirculation of the pancreatic tissue and regulate the expression of inflammatory factors.
- Intraglandular transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells combined with platelet-rich fibrin extract for the treatment of irradiation-induced salivary gland damage. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 15(1):795-805
- The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) combined with heterologous platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on irradiation-induced saliva...
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) combined with heterologous platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on irradiation-induced salivary gland (SG) damage. ADSCs were isolated from C3H mice, whereas PRFe was obtained from New Zealand rabbits. Twelve weeks post irradiation, the ADSCs or PRFe or their combination were transplanted into the submandibular glands of C3H mice with irradiation-induced damage. The salivary flow rate (SFR) was determined and histopathological analysis was performed at 12 weeks post transplantation. Immunofluorescence, microvessel density measurements and transmission electron microscopy were performed to assess α-amylase (AMY) production, apoptosis and microstructural changes in the cells. The administration of ADSCs combined with PRFe increased the SFR at 12 weeks post transplantation, whereas ADSCs alone or PRFe alone failed to do so. The ADSCs+PRFe-treated, irradiated SGs had fewer damaged and atrophied acinar cells, higher AMY levels and an increased microvessel density compared with the untreated irradiated SGs. Moreover, SG tissue from the ADSCs+PRFe group also showed decreased apoptotic and increased proliferative activity compared to that from the irradiated group. In conclusion, ADSCs or PRFe alone did not restore permanent, irradiation-induced damage of SG tissue when used alone, but when used together, they provided effective treatment outcomes.
- Inhibitory activity of phenolic-rich pistachio green hull extract-enriched pasta on key type 2 diabetes relevant enzymes and glycemic index. [Journal Article]
- FRFood Res Int 2018; 105:94-101
- Phenolic compounds as agro-industrial by-products have been associated with health benefits since they exhibit high antioxidant activity and anti-diabetic properties. In this study, polyphenol-rich e...
Phenolic compounds as agro-industrial by-products have been associated with health benefits since they exhibit high antioxidant activity and anti-diabetic properties. In this study, polyphenol-rich extract from pistachio green hull (PGH) was evaluated for antioxidant activity and its ability to inhibit α-amylase and α-glucosidase activity in vitro. The effect of PGH extract powder on in vitro starch digestibility was also evaluated. The results showed that PGH had stronger antioxidant activity than Trolox. The inhibitory effect of PGH extract against α-amylase from porcine pancreas was dose dependent and the IC50value was ~174μgGAE/mL. The crude PGH extract was eight times more potent on baker yeast α-glucosidase activity (IC50~6μgGAE/mL) when compared to acarbose, whereas the IC50value of PGH extract against rat intestinal maltase activity obtained ~2.6mgGAE/mL. The non-tannin fraction of PGH extract was more effective against α-glucosidase than tannin fraction whereas the α-amylase inhibitor was concentrated in the tannin fraction. In vitro starch digestibility and glycemic index (GI) of pasta sample supplemented with PGH extract powder (1.5%) was significantly lower than the control pasta. The IC50value of PGH extract obtained from cooked pasta against α-amylase and α-glucosidase was increased. These results have important implications for the processing of PGH for food industry application and therefore could comply with glucose control diets.
- The effects singular or combined administration of fermentable fiber and probiotic on mucosal immune parameters, digestive enzyme activity, gut microbiota and growth performance of Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fingerlings. [Journal Article]
- FSFish Shellfish Immunol 2018 Feb 07
- The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of single or combined administration of dietary fermentable fiber (Vitacel®) and probiotic PrimaLac®on mucosal immune parameters, digestive...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of single or combined administration of dietary fermentable fiber (Vitacel®) and probiotic PrimaLac®on mucosal immune parameters, digestive enzyme activity, gut microbiota and growth performance of Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fingerlings. Fish were transferred to laboratory, acclimatized for two weeks and then fish (0.56 ± 0.026 g) were allocated into 12 tanks (30 fish per tank). Triplicate groups were fed a basal diet (Control) or basal diet supplemented with fermentable fiber [Vitacel®] (FF), probiotic [PrimaLac®] (P) and combined fermentable fiber and probiotic (FF + P). At the end of feeding trial, growth performance and feed utilization parameters were significantly (P < 0.05) improved in FF, P and FF + P treatments compared control group. Evaluation of digestive enzyme activity revealed significant (P < 0.05) increase of lipase activity in fish fed supplemented diet. However, amylase, protease and alkaline phosphatase were significantly higher (P < 0.05) only in P and FF + P treatments. Furthermore, total autochthonous intestinal microbiota and autochthonous LAB levels significantly increased in fish fed supplemented diet (P < 0.05). Also, inclusion of FF, P and FF + P in Caspian white fish diet remarkably increased skin mucus immune parameters compared control group (P < 0.05). These results indicate that singular or combined administration of FF and P can be considered as a beneficial dietary supplement for early stages of Caspian white fish (Rutilus fresii kutumn) culture.
- Digestibility of sulfated polysaccharide from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum and its effect on the human gut microbiota in vitro. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Biol Macromol 2018 Feb 06
- Sulfated polysaccharides from marine algae exhibit various bioactivities with potential benefits for human health and well-being. In this study, the in vitro digestibility and fermentability of polys...
Sulfated polysaccharides from marine algae exhibit various bioactivities with potential benefits for human health and well-being. In this study, the in vitro digestibility and fermentability of polysaccharides from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum (AnPs) were examined, and the effects of AnPs on gut microbiota were determined using high-throughput sequencing technology. Salivary amylase, artificial gastric juice, and intestinal juice had no effect on AnPs, but the molecular weight of AnPs and reducing sugar decreased significantly after fermentation by gut microbiota. AnPs significantly modulated the composition of the gut microbiota; in particular, they increased the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes, suggesting the potential for AnPs to decrease the risk of obesity. Furthermore, the total SCFA content after fermentation increased significantly. These results suggest that AnPs have potential uses as functional food components to improve human gut health.
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- GLP1 and GIP are involved in the action of synbiotics in broiler chickens. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Anim Sci Biotechnol 2018; 9:13
- CONCLUSIONS: The selected synbiotics may be used as in ovo additives for broiler chickens, and Syn2 seems to improve their potential digestive proteolytic and lipolytic ability. Our results suggest that synbiotics can be directly or indirectly involved in incretin secretion and reception.