- Knowledge, attitude and practice about malaria in south-western Saudi Arabia: A household-based cross-sectional survey. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Infect Public Health 2017 Sep - Oct; 10(5):499-506
- This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) concerning malaria and malaria prevention among rural populations residing in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia...
This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) concerning malaria and malaria prevention among rural populations residing in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. This was a household-based cross-sectional survey, using structured questionnaire that was developed and distributed among households selected randomly from 19 villages (clusters) located in a southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, north of the border with Yemen. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 20. A majority of respondents (98.4%) reported that they had heard about malaria, but only 21.7% reported that they had sufficient information about the disease. Surprisingly, the most popular source of information was the internet and social media (proportion responding positively in parenthesis) (25.5%), followed by family (21.7%), while information from health facilities contributed only 12.4%. A majority of respondents were aware that malaria is a communicable (89.1%) and deadly (70%) disease; however, only 30.2% of the respondents responded that malaria is a treatable disease. Almost all of the aware respondents (97.5%) were inclined to seek treatment from health facilities, and 63.2% preferred to seek treatment within 24h of presenting with symptoms. Regarding personal precautions, the most common practice adopted by respondents was indoor residual spraying IRS (47.3%), followed by anti-mosquito spraying (29.8%), mosquito bed nets (13.2%) and combined anti-mosquito sprays and nets on windows (4.7%). This KAP study did not show any statistically significant differences in KAP due to age; however the practices of preventive measures against malaria differed significantly by nationality (Saudi versus non-Saudi). We conclude that most populations living in the villages have an acceptable level of knowledge and awareness about malaria and seek timely treatment. However, the positive attitudes and practices in relation to personal protection and prevention measures against malaria require marked improvement. The obvious gap between the knowledge and practice related to malaria prevention requires innovative strategies based on local evidence that well suits the local circumstances to promote and encourage the adoption and practice of personal protective measures.
- Association of human leukocyte antigen DRB1 with anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide autoantibodies in Saudi patients with rheumatoid arthritis. [Journal Article]
- ASAnn Saudi Med 2017 Jan-Feb; 37(1):38-41
- CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis indicates that the presence of the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope is strongly associated with the development of anti-CCP antibodies in Saudi patients with RA.
- Does size matter? Separations on guard columns for fast sample analysis applied to bioenergy research. [Journal Article]
- BBBMC Biotechnol 2015; 15:38
- CONCLUSIONS: Applied to a suitable set of samples, separations on a guard column can give rapid and sufficiently accurate information on compound changes over the course of an experiment. Therefore, it is an inexpensive and ideal tool for processing a large amount of samples, such as in screening or discovery experiments, where detecting relative changes is often sufficient to identify promising candidates for further analysis.
- Ultra-high pressure LC for astaxanthin determination in shrimp by-products and active food packaging. [Journal Article]
- BCBiomed Chromatogr 2013; 27(6):757-64
- Nowadays, there is increasing interest in natural antioxidants from food by-products. Astaxanthin is a potent antioxidant and one of the major carotenoids in crustaceans and salmonids. An ultra-high ...
Nowadays, there is increasing interest in natural antioxidants from food by-products. Astaxanthin is a potent antioxidant and one of the major carotenoids in crustaceans and salmonids. An ultra-high pressure liquid chromatographic method was developed and validated for the determination of astaxanthin in shrimp by-products, and its migration from new packaging materials to food simulants was also studied. The method uses an UPLC® BEH guard-column (2.1 × 5 mm, 1.7 µm particle size) and an UPLC® BEH analytical column (2.1 × 50 mm, 1.7 µm particle size). Chromatographic separation was achieved using a programmed gradient mobile phase consisting of (A) acetonitrile-methanol (containing 0.05 m ammonium acetate)-dichloromethane (75:20:5, v/v/v) and (B) ultrapure water. This method was evaluated with respect to validation parameters such as linearity, precision, limit of detection, limit of quantification and recovery. Low-density polyethylene films were prepared with different amounts of the lipid fraction of fermented shrimp waste by extrusion, and migration was evaluated into food simulants (isooctane and ethanol 95%, v/v). Migration was not detected under the tested conditions.
- Assuring patient safety: registered nurses' responsibility in all roles and settings to guard against working when fatigued. [Journal Article]
- CNColo Nurse 2007; 107(2):20-1
- Education: 6. Schools of nursing should address decision-making within their curriculum related to the impact that fatigue and the habitual The American Nurses Association (ANA) takes the position th...
Education: 6. Schools of nursing should address decision-making within their curriculum related to the impact that fatigue and the habitual The American Nurses Association (ANA) takes the position that, regardless of the number of hours worked, all registered nurses have an ethical responsibility to carefully consider their level of fatigue when deciding whether to accept any assignment extending beyond their regularly scheduled work day or week, including a mandatory or voluntary overtime assignment.
- [Adrenaline for self treatment of anaphylactic reactions. Indications, available preparations and prescription rules]. [Journal Article]
- ULUgeskr Laeger 1996 Aug 5; 158(32):4539-43
- Adrenaline is the drug of choice for the treatment of anaphylaxis. The indications, available formulations, and rules for prescribing adrenaline for self treatment of anaphylactic reactions in allerg...
Adrenaline is the drug of choice for the treatment of anaphylaxis. The indications, available formulations, and rules for prescribing adrenaline for self treatment of anaphylactic reactions in allergic subjects are summarized in this paper. Emergency kits containing adrenaline must be prescribed only to patients with a definite history of anaphylactic reactions or laryngeal oedema. A kit containing Adrenaline DAK 1 mg/ml in a traditional glass ampoule together with a 1 ml syringe and an i.m. cannula is the cheapest solution, and a usable alternative in the patient who after sufficient training feels safe to prepare his own injection. Ana-guard injector is recommended for the allergic adult due to its easy handling and the fact that it contains two doses of adrenaline 0.3 mg. For both children and adults with a low bodyweight, the Epi-Pen automatic injector is recommended. It contains one dose of adrenaline (0.15 or 0.30 mg) and requires no preparation before use. The Adrenalin Medihaler is recommended for the treatment of laryngeal oedema and threatened airway obstruction. Due to the low and unpredictable absorption after inhalation, adrenaline injection is recommended for the treatment of systemic symptoms. Prescribing adrenaline in semi-or automatic injectors requires special permission from the Danish Health Authorities.
- ANA honours reinstated lesbian nurse. [Journal Article]
- NSNurs Stand 1994 Jun 22; 8(39):9
- The American Nurses' Association has honoured a military nurse, decorated in Vietnam, who has been reinstated to the National Guard two years after being dismissed because she was a lesbian.
The American Nurses' Association has honoured a military nurse, decorated in Vietnam, who has been reinstated to the National Guard two years after being dismissed because she was a lesbian.
- Stress related workers' compensation claims: recommendations involving records release. [Journal Article]
- AJAAOHN J 1992; 40(8):370-5
- 1. The cost of stress claims is predicted to cripple the workers' compensation system, where stress claims are burgeoning and the average payout is twice that of a typical injury. The major reason to...
1. The cost of stress claims is predicted to cripple the workers' compensation system, where stress claims are burgeoning and the average payout is twice that of a typical injury. The major reason to release medical records in a stress claim is to determine the validity of the claim arising from the job. 2. Occupational health nurses are frequently asked by the courts to reveal personal client information and may not be protected by the "nurse-client relationship" or "privileged communication." Politically, very little interest has been shown in restricting disclosure of private information. 3. Both ANA and AAOHN have adopted strong positions about safeguarding privacy. Legally, the ultimate responsibility for wrongful acts committed by the nurse falls on the individual nurse. 4. The most important reason to guard confidential health information is the basic tenet of the nurse-client relationship in which personal matters are held in confidence. To break this trust is to jeopardize the ability to provide optimal client care, which is the essence of nursing.
- Patient attitude toward home uterine activity monitoring. [Journal Article]
- OGObstet Gynecol 1990; 76(1 Suppl):90S-92S
- Forty private patients using a home uterine activity monitoring system and daily contact with nursing staff (Term Guard monitor and Tokos Perinatal Nursing Service; Tokos Medical Corp., Santa Ana, CA...
Forty private patients using a home uterine activity monitoring system and daily contact with nursing staff (Term Guard monitor and Tokos Perinatal Nursing Service; Tokos Medical Corp., Santa Ana, CA) were surveyed after delivery. Twenty-seven responses (67.5%) were obtained. The majority of the responding patients (81%) felt that the monitor helped their pregnancy and 92% would recommend it to family and friends. Eighty-five percent thought that the monitor and related nursing services would be something that they would use in future pregnancies. No subject concluded that the monitor depersonalized their obstetric care. Forty-one percent of the patients felt that the device was an intrusion into their life-style. Seventy-eight percent thought that the device was beneficial in their understanding of preterm labor and in learning to perceive their own baseline uterine activity. Almost 60% of the subjects noted that the monitor was useful in determining uterine activity because they did not perceive any contractions. Approximately 65% felt that unnecessary trips to the hospital for prolonged monitoring were prevented by the availability of 24-hour-a-day, 7-day-a-week emergency transmission and nurse contact. Nearly three-fourths of the patients felt that unnecessary calls to the physician were prevented by their ability to monitor. In summary, the services were well accepted by the patients and, despite the intrusion into their life-style, most felt that home uterine activity monitoring improved the outcome of their pregnancy.