- Electrospun PLGA membrane incorporated with andrographolide-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles for sustained antibacterial wound dressing. [Journal Article]
- NNanomedicine (Lond) 2018 Nov 14
- CONCLUSIONS: PLGA/Andro-MSNs nanofibrous membrane exhibited an efficient wound-healing ability.
- Andrographolide prevents human nucleus pulposus cells against degeneration by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cell Physiol 2018 Oct 28
- Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is among the most common spinal disorders, pathologically characterized by excessive cell apoptosis and production of proinflammatory factors. Pharmacological t...
Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is among the most common spinal disorders, pathologically characterized by excessive cell apoptosis and production of proinflammatory factors. Pharmacological targeting of nucleus pulposus (NP) degeneration may hold promise in IDD therapy, but it is limited by adverse side effects and nonspecificity of drugs. In this study, we used a natural compound, andrographolide (ANDRO), which has been widely used to intervene inflammatory and apoptotic diseases in the investigation of NP degeneration based on IDD-patients-derived NP cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment for the preservation of degeneration. The results showed that LPS maintained the degeneration status of NP cells as evidenced by a high apoptosis rate and the expression of degenerative and inflammatory mediators after LPS treatment. ANDRO reversed the effects of LPS-caused degeneration of NP cells and maintained the phenotype of NP cells, as demonstrated by flow cytometry, degenerative mediators (ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5), inflammatory factors (COX2, PGE2, MMP-13, and MMP-3), biomarkers of NP cells (SOX9, ACAN, and COL2A1) expressions, and glycosaminoglycan secretion. We also found the involvement of the nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of the activated B cells (NF-κB) pathway in ANDRO treatment, indicating that ANDRO prevented the LPS-preserved degeneration of NP cells by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. This study may provide a reference for clinic medication of IDD therapy.
- Andrographolide inhibits breast cancer through suppressing COX-2 expression and angiogenesis via inactivation of p300 signaling and VEGF pathway. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Exp Clin Cancer Res 2018 Oct 12; 37(1):248
- CONCLUSIONS: In current study, we explore the potential effects of Andro in suppressing breast cancer growth and tumor angiogenesis, as well as the precise mechanisms. This work demonstrated the potential anti-cancer effects of Andro, indicating that Andro could inhibit COX-2 expression through attenuating p300 HAT activity and suppress angiogenesis via VEGF pathway, and thereby could be developed as an antitumor agent for the treatment of breast cancer.
- Andrographolide Alleviates Acute Brain Injury in a Rat Model of Traumatic Brain Injury: Possible Involvement of Inflammatory Signaling. [Journal Article]
- FNFront Neurosci 2018; 12:657
- Neuroinflammation plays an important role in secondary injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from Andrographis paniculata, has been demons...
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in secondary injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Andrographolide (Andro), a diterpenoid lactone isolated from Andrographis paniculata, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity in neurodegenerative disorders. This study therefore aimed to investigate the potential neuroprotective effects of Andro after TBI and explore the underlying mechanisms. In our study, we used a weight-dropped model to induce TBI in Sprague-Dawley rats, the neurological deficits were assessed using modified neurological severity scores, Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) staining were employed to examine neuronal degeneration and apoptosis after TBI, immunofluorescence was designed to investigate microglial activation. Quantitative Real-time PCR and ELISA were conducted to detect the expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, Western blot was used to examine the expression level of proteins of relative signaling pathway. Our results showed that after Andro administration, the neurological deficit was attenuated, and the cerebral edema and apoptosis in brain tissues were also decreased following TBI. Both microglial activation and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly inhibited by Andro after TBI. Moreover, Andro inhibited NF-κB p65 subunit translocation and decreased the expression levels of phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK after TBI. Altogether, this study suggests that Andro could improve neurobehavioral function by inhibiting NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathway in TBI, which might provide a new approach for treating brain injury.
- Andrographolide Protects PC12 Cells Against β-Amyloid-Induced Autophagy-Associated Cell Death Through Activation of the Nrf2-Mediated p62 Signaling Pathway. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Mol Sci 2018 Sep 19; 19(9)
- Recent studies mentioned that Andrographolide (Andro), the main bioactive component of traditional Chinese medicine Andrographis paniculata, may be a potential natural product for treating Alzheimer'...
Recent studies mentioned that Andrographolide (Andro), the main bioactive component of traditional Chinese medicine Andrographis paniculata, may be a potential natural product for treating Alzheimer's disease, but the underlining mechanism remains to be discovered. In this study, we investigated whether Andro regulates the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/Sequestosome 1 (p62) signaling pathway and activates autophagy to protect neuronal PC12 cells from the toxicity of the β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide. Our results revealed that Andro protected and rescued PC12 cells from Aβ1⁻42-induced cell death and restored abnormal changes in nuclear morphology, lactate dehydrogenase, malondialdehyde, intracellular reactive oxygen species, and mitochondrial membrane potential. RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis demonstrated that Andro activated autophagy-related genes and proteins (Beclin-1 and LC3); meanwhile, it also augmented the Nrf2 and p62 expression in mRNA and protein levels, and reduced p-tau and p21 protein expression in Aβ1⁻42-stimulated cells. Then, further study showed that the pre-transfection of cells with Nrf2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) resulted in the downregulation of p62, Beclin-1, and LC3 proteins expression, as well as the upregulation of p21. Furthermore, the pre-transfection of cells with p62 siRNA didn't block the Nrf2 protein expression, accompanying with an elevated p21. Taken together, these results showed that Andro significantly ameliorated cell death due to Aβ1⁻42 insult through the activation of autophagy and the Nrf2-mediated p62 signaling pathway.
- Andrographolide inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line C666-1 through LKB1-AMPK-dependent signaling pathways. [Journal Article]
- PPharmazie 2018 Oct 01; 73(10):594-597
- CONCLUSIONS: Andro suppressed proliferation and induced apoptosis of C666-1 cells through regulating the LKB1/AMPK/mTOR signal pathway.
- Andrographolide ameliorates intracerebral hemorrhage induced secondary brain injury by inhibiting neuroinflammation induction. [Journal Article]
- NNeuropharmacology 2018; 141:305-315
- Microglia activation and neuroinflammation play important roles in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury (SBI). In this study, we attempted to investigate the potential effect...
Microglia activation and neuroinflammation play important roles in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury (SBI). In this study, we attempted to investigate the potential effects of Andrographolide (Andro) on ICH-induced SBI and the possible mechanisms behind these effects. Andro treatment effectively reduced neuronal cell death and degeneration and alleviated neurobehavioral disorders and brain edema in vivo. In an in vitro study, microglia activation-induced neuronal cell death was ameliorated by Andro treatment. In addition, microglia activation and neuroinflammation were induced by ICH, exhibiting elevated cytokine levels, which could be reversed with Andro treatment. The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly decreased after treatment with Andro, both in vivo and in vitro, due to the inhibition of nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway activation. Meanwhile, Andro decreased the levels of IL-1β and LDH, as well as microglia pyroptosis induced by ICH by suppressing the assembly of the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. In summary, this study reveals an anti-inflammatory effect of Andro and its potential mechanisms, and it shows that Andro is a potential candidate for improving ICH-induced SBI.
- [Inhibitory effect of andrographolide on angiogenesis induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Aug 28; 43(8):821-825
- To determine the effect of andrographolide (Andro) on angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods: HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of Andro and the cel...
To determine the effect of andrographolide (Andro) on angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods: HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of Andro and the cell viability was detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). HUVECs were treated with half lethal dose (IC50) of Andro. Matrigel was used to make capillary formation of HUVECs and the effect of Andro on capillary formation was evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. Moreover, the effects of Andro and the supernatant from cultured A549 tumor cells on capillary formation were evaluated by calculating the percentage of capillary formation. The effect of Andro on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) was determined with Western blot. Results: The cell viability of HUVECs decreased with the increase of Andro concentrations. IC50 was 20 μmol/L. The capillary formation of HUVECs was inhibited when treated with 20 μmol/L Andro for 24 hours. Moreover, Andro was able to antagonize the promotion of the capillary formation induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells. Andro could suppress the expression of MMP-9 and antagonize the capillary formation. Conclusion: Andro inhibits the capillary formation of HUVECs and can antagonize the promotion of angiogenesis induced by the supernatant from cultured tumor cells.
- Andrographolide Sulfonate Attenuates Acute Lung Injury by Reducing Expression of Myeloperoxidase and Neutrophil-Derived Proteases in Mice. [Journal Article]
- FPFront Physiol 2018; 9:939
- Andrographolide sulfonate (Andro-S), a sulfonation derivative of andrographolide, is known to be effective in treating inflammation-related diseases, while the underlying mechanisms and global protei...
Andrographolide sulfonate (Andro-S), a sulfonation derivative of andrographolide, is known to be effective in treating inflammation-related diseases, while the underlying mechanisms and global protein alterations in response to Andro-S remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the pharmacological effects and potential targets of Andro-S in a murine model of acute lung injury (ALI). ALI was induced by aerosolized lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure before treatment with Andro-S. Inflammatory state of each treatment group was determined by histological analysis and quantification of inflammatory markers. Differentially expressed proteins in lung tissues were identified by an iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic approach and further confirmed by immunohistochemistry analysis. Administration of Andro-S alleviated LPS-induced histological changes in the lung and reduced the expression of inflammatory markers in serum, bronchoalveolar fluid and lung tissues. Proteomic analysis identified 31 differentially expressed proteins from a total of 2,234 quantified proteins in the lung. According to bioinformatics analysis, neutrophil elastase (ELANE), cathepsin G (CTSG) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), three neutrophil-derived proteases related to immune system process and defense responses to fungi were chosen as potential targets of Andro-S. Further immunohistochemistry analysis confirmed the inhibitory effects of Andro-S on LPS-induced ELANE, CTSG and MPO up-regulation. These results indicate that Andro-S suppressed the severity of LPS-induced ALI, possibly by attenuating the expression of and neutrophil-derived proteases.
New Search Next
- Monosaccharides and Their Derivatives in Carbonaceous Meteorites: A Scenario for Their Synthesis and Onset of Enantiomeric Excesses. [Review]
- LLife (Basel) 2018 Aug 27; 8(3)
- Carbonaceous meteorites provide the best glimpse into the solar system's earliest physical and chemical processes. These ancient objects, ~4.56 billion years old, contain evidence of phenomena rangin...
Carbonaceous meteorites provide the best glimpse into the solar system's earliest physical and chemical processes. These ancient objects, ~4.56 billion years old, contain evidence of phenomena ranging from solar system formation to the synthesis of organic compounds by aqueous and (likely) low-temperature photolytic reactions. Collectively, chemical reactions resulted in an insoluble kerogen-like carbon phase and a complex mixture of discrete soluble compounds including amino acids, nucleobases, and monosaccharide (or "sugar") derivatives. This review presents the documented search for sugars and their derivatives in carbonaceous meteorites. We examine early papers, published in the early 1960s, and note the analytical methods used for meteorite analysis as well as conclusions on the results. We then present the recent finding of sugar derivatives including sugar alcohols and several sugar acids: The latter compounds were found to possess unusual "d" enantiomeric (mirror-image) excesses. After discussions on the possible roles of interstellar grain chemistry and meteorite parent body aqueous activity in the synthesis of sugar derivatives, we present a scenario that suggests that most of Earth's extraterrestrial sugar alcohols (e.g., glycerol) were synthesized by interstellar irradiation and/or cold grain chemistry and that the early solar disk was the location of the initial enantiomeric excesses in meteoritic sugar derivatives.