- Bivalirudin for left ventricular assist device thrombosis. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Thrombolysis 2018 Aug 17
- Pump thrombosis remains a serious complication of implantable ventricular assist device therapy and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Optimal management strategies remain ...
Pump thrombosis remains a serious complication of implantable ventricular assist device therapy and is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Optimal management strategies remain controversial and are guided largely by limited literature and expert opinion. Medical management of pump thrombosis, including the use of direct thrombin inhibitors, has been associated with mixed results. The purpose of this study is to report the outcomes associated with bivalirudin therapy in LVAD patients with suspected pump thrombosis. A single-center, retrospective observational study of 15 patients with suspected pump thrombosis that were all treated with bivalirudin therapy was conducted. The majority of subjects' initial treatment courses were unsuccessful [9/15 (60%)]; however, 6/15 (40%) achieved an initial improvement in serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and were stabilized to be successfully discharged from the hospital. Of the subjects discharged, there was a high rate of recurrence of pump thrombosis within 6 months [5/6 (83.3%)]. Bivalirudin therapy was not associated with a consistent reduction in LDH among all subjects studied, and clinical responses to therapy appear to be associated with high rates of thrombosis recurrence. This study analyzes the largest cohort to date of LVAD patients with pump thrombosis treated with bivalirudin therapy, and suggests that alternative therapies should be considered in management.
- In the transition from fibrinolysis to primary PCI, the HERO trials help refine STEMI ECG interpretation and Q wave analysis potentially alters future management. [Journal Article]
- EHEur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2018 Aug 17; :2048872618795513
- Electrocardiogram sub-studies from the Hirulog Early Reperfusion/Occlusion 1 and 2 trials, which tested bivalirudin as an adjunctive anticoagulant to fibrinolysis in ST-elevation myocardial infarctio...
Electrocardiogram sub-studies from the Hirulog Early Reperfusion/Occlusion 1 and 2 trials, which tested bivalirudin as an adjunctive anticoagulant to fibrinolysis in ST-elevation myocardial infarction, have contributed to the literature. The concept of using the presence of infarct lead Q waves to determine reperfusion benefit has subsequently been explored in multiple primary percutaneous coronary intervention studies. The angiographic findings before percutaneous coronary intervention combine with the baseline electrocardiogram to accurately diagnose ST-elevation myocardial infarction and evaluate its potential territory. This review discusses the relative merits of the presence of infarct lead Q waves versus time duration from symptom onset using observational data from cohorts of patients from multiple clinical trials. The presence of infarct lead Q waves at presentation has been repeatedly shown to be superior to time duration from symptom onset in determining prognosis, despite that continuous variable (time duration) statistically should be more powerful than dichotomous variable (Q wave). If quantitative or semi-quantitative measurement of Q waves correlates well with irreversible myocardial injury in vivo (a research goal of many cardiac magnetic resonance imaging studies), Q waves measurements by mirroring ST-elevation myocardial infarction evolution better than the current metric of time duration of symptoms will impact future ST-elevation myocardial infarction reperfusion management. Newer methodology will more quickly capture and transmit electrocardiogram information including infarct lead Q waves potentially before first medical contact, and help differentiate new evolving Q waves of the ongoing ST-elevation myocardial infarction from old changes. Q waves as the new metric in ST-elevation myocardial infarction reperfusion should be tested in upcoming trials.
- Successful ventricular tachycardia ablation in a patient with a biventricular ventricular assist device and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia using bivalirudin. [Journal Article]
- HCHeartRhythm Case Rep 2018; 4(8):367-370
- Bivalirudin versus heparin in percutaneous coronary intervention-a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials stratified by adjunctive glycoprotein IIb/IIIa strategy. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thorac Dis 2018; 10(6):3341-3360
- CONCLUSIONS: Bivalirudin is associated with less major bleeding compared to heparin, regardless of GPI use. The lower anticoagulant effect of bivalirudin is linked with higher stent thrombosis and a trend towards more MI, however a confounding effect of GPI use in the heparin arm cannot be excluded.
- [Efficacy of periprocedural bivalirudin infusion in patients with chronic total occlusion lesion undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2018 Jul 24; 46(7):543-548
- Objective: To investigate the efficacy of periprocedural use of bivalirudin for patients with chronic total occlusion(CTO) lesion undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) therapy. Methods:...
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of periprocedural use of bivalirudin for patients with chronic total occlusion(CTO) lesion undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) therapy. Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 74 patients with CTO lesions confirmed by coronary angiography or CT angiography, hospitalized in the general hospital of Shenyang military region from September 2015 to December 2016, were randomly divided into unfractionated heparin(UFH) group (n=38) and bivalirudin group (n=36) by the random number table.Patients in the UFH group were treated with injection of UFH 5 000 U through the artery sheath catheter before coronary angiography,and the UFH was intravenously administered at 100 U/kg before PCI. Patients in the bivalirudin group received intravenous injection of bivalirudin (0.75 mg/kg) before coronary angiography, followed by intravenous infusion of 1.75 mg·kg(-1)·h(-1) until at least 2 hours after the PCI. The values of the activated coagulation time (ACT) were measured,and the value was remained at 250 to 350 seconds during the PCI. The incidence rate of adverse events including hemorrhage events, no-reflow/slow flow, and contact thrombus in perioperative period were observed in all patients. In addition, the incidence rate of the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including recurrent angina, heart failure, target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction,and stroke within 1 year follow-up period were also observed in the 2 groups. Results: Baseline clinical and PCI data were similar between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). During the perioperative period, the incidence of the bleeding was significantly lower in the bivalirudin group than in the UFH group(5.6% (2/36) vs. 23.7% (9/38) , P=0.028).The incidence of no-reflow/slow flow was also significantly lower in the bivalirudin group than in the UFH group(0 vs. 15.8% (6/38) , P=0.025). There was no significant difference in the incidence of contact thrombosis between bivalirudin group and UFH group(8.3% (3/36) vs. 0, P=0.110). There was no cardiac death or non-fatal myocardial infarction in the 2 groups within 1 year after PCI, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of MACE in 1 year follow-up after operation between bivalirudin group and UFH group (11.1% (4/36) vs. 21.1% (8/38) , P=0.246). Conclusion: The application of the anticoagulant bivalirudin during PCI in patients with CTO lesion can reduce the incidence of perioperative bleeding and no-reflow/slow flow, and does not increase the risk of MACE within 1 year after PCI.
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [BOOK]
- BOOKNational Library of Medicine (US): Bethesda (MD)
- Because no information is available on the use of bivalirudin during breastfeeding, an alternate drug is preferred.
Because no information is available on the use of bivalirudin during breastfeeding, an alternate drug is preferred.
- Heparin impairs angiogenic signaling and compensatory lung growth after left pneumonectomy. [Journal Article]
- AAngiogenesis 2018 Jun 28
- Children with hypoplastic lung diseases, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, can require life support via extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and systemic anticoagulation, usually in the form of...
Children with hypoplastic lung diseases, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, can require life support via extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and systemic anticoagulation, usually in the form of heparin. The role of heparin in angiogenesis and organ growth is inconclusive, with conflicting data reported in the literature. This study aimed to investigate the effects of heparin on lung growth in a model of compensatory lung growth (CLG). Compared to the absence of heparin, treatment with heparin decreased the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated activation of VEGFR2 and mitogenic effect on human lung microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. Compared to non-heparinized controls, heparinized mice demonstrated impaired pulmonary mechanics, decreased respiratory volumes and flows, and reduced activity levels after left pneumonectomy. They also had lower lung volume, pulmonary septal surface area and alveolar density on morphometric analyses. Lungs of heparinized mice displayed decreased phosphorylation of VEGFR2 compared to the control group, with consequential downstream reduction in markers of cellular proliferation and survival. The use of bivalirudin, an alternative anticoagulant that does not interact with VEGF, preserved lung growth and pulmonary mechanics. These results demonstrated that heparin impairs CLG by reducing VEGFR2 activation. These findings raise concern for the clinical use of heparin in the setting of organ growth or regeneration.
- Toxins Are an Excellent Source of Therapeutic Agents against Cardiovascular Diseases. [Journal Article]
- STSemin Thromb Hemost 2018 Jun 28
- Venomous and hematophagous animals use their venom or saliva for survival, to obtain food, and for self-defense. Venom and saliva from these animals are cocktails of bioactive molecules primarily com...
Venomous and hematophagous animals use their venom or saliva for survival, to obtain food, and for self-defense. Venom and saliva from these animals are cocktails of bioactive molecules primarily composed of proteins and peptides. These molecules are called toxins because they cause unwanted consequences on prey. They exhibit unique, diverse, and specific biological activities that perturb normal physiological processes of their prey and host. However, the potential of toxins as inspirations for the development of therapeutic agents or pharmacological tools has also long been recognized. In addition to their small size, the exquisite selectivity and structural stability of toxins make them attractive as starting molecule in the development of therapeutic and diagnostic agents. Drug discovery and development from venomous and hematophagous animals against cardiovascular diseases have been particularly successful. Some of the notable success include antihypertensive (captopril and enalapril) and antiplatelet agents (tirofiban and eptifibatide), as well as anticoagulants (lepirudin and bivalirudin). Highlighted in this review are many venom or saliva-derived cardiovascular-active proteins and peptides of therapeutic interest, including those that are currently in preclinical stages and those that have been approved by FDA and currently in the market. The authors attempt to summarize their structure, function, mechanism of action, and development with respect to cardiovascular diseases.
- Bivalirudin for Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Children With Congenital Heart Disease: Are We Ready Yet? [Editorial]
- JCJ Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2018 May 22
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- Erratum to in-hospital outcomes after switching from a bivalirudin-first strategy to an unfractionated heparin-first strategy for percutaneous coronary interventions. [Published Erratum]
- CDCardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018; 8(3):E1-E2
- [This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/cdt.2017.10.16.].
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/cdt.2017.10.16.].