- Antifungal Activity of Xylitol against Candida albicans: An in vitro Study. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Contemp Dent Pract 2018 Feb 01; 19(2):125-129
- CONCLUSIONS: According to the results of this survey, xylitol has considerable antimicrobial effects. Hence, this substance can be used as an effective element in gums, toothpastes, and antimicrobial mouthwashes, especially in patients with candidiasis.By knowing the MIC and MFC of xylitol, this substance can be effectively used in products aimed to cure this fungal infection.
- Oral Health Status among Children with Cerebral Palsy in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2017; 7(Suppl 3):S149-S154
- CONCLUSIONS: The study highlighted peculiar characteristics and needs for the CP patients in Dubai, UAE.
- Angular cheilitis: A clinical and microbial study. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Dent Res 2017 Nov-Dec; 28(6):661-665
- CONCLUSIONS: There are microorganisms associated with angular cheilitis.
- Oral Manifestations in Pediatric Patients with Coeliac Disease - A Review Article. [Journal Article]
- ODOpen Dent J 2017; 11:539-545
- CONCLUSIONS: The complete knowledge of the oral manifestations of coeliac disease can trigger an effective change in the quality of life of the patients with this disease.
- Orofacial manifestations in outpatients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa focusing on the vomiting behavior. [Journal Article]
- COClin Oral Investig 2017 Nov 25
- CONCLUSIONS: ED outpatients were found to present a higher incidence of oral-related complications and an inferior oral health status, compared to gender- and age-matched controls. Alterations verified within outpatients were acknowledged to be quite similar to those previously reported within inpatients, in both of nature and severity, thus sustaining that the cranio-maxillofacial region is significantly affected by ED, even in the early/milder forms of the condition, as expectedly verified within outpatients.
- Oral mucosal lesions in electronic cigarettes consumers versus former smokers. [Journal Article]
- AOActa Odontol Scand 2017 Nov 21; :1-3
- CONCLUSIONS: We found no statistically significant differences in terms of total prevalence of OMLs between former smokers and ECs consumers. An increased prevalence of three specific types of OMLs was detected among ECs consumers.
- [Dental perspective on Crohn's disease: literature review]. [Journal Article]
- WLWiad Lek 2017; 70(4):860-864
- Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially invo...
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially involves the terminal part of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The disease course is usually long-term with episodes of remission and relapses. The clinical presentation of the disease varies and depends on the site of inflammation. Oral lesions can occur in 80% of pediatric and 90% of adult patients with CD. The most frequent are swelling of the oral mucosa with surface cobblestoning, ulcerations, candidiasis, angular cheilitis. The difficulty in diagnosis, resulting from the non-specific clinical manifestation, hamper proper diagnosis and delay the start of treatment. This paper presents etiology, epidemiology, clinical features and basic therapeutic capabilities for CD in the light of the literature. Oral manifestation of this disease was particularly emphasized.
- Comparative study: Oral mucosal lesions, signs and symptoms in diabetes mellitus patients with end stage renal disease with analogous findings in diabetes mellitus patients with non-end stage renal disease. [Journal Article]
- IJIndian J Dent Res 2017 Jul-Aug; 28(4):406-412
- CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of uremic fetor, saburral tongue, pale mucosa, and petechiae/ecchymoses in ESRD patient group can be considered as a possible sign of undiagnosed advanced stage of renal disease in other diabetic patients.
- Secondary Syphilis Presenting as Glossodynia, Plaques en Prairie Fauchée, and a Split Papule at the Oral Commissure: Case Report and Review. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Med 2017; 2017:1980798
- Syphilis has been coined "the great imitator" due to its extreme heterogeneity of presentation and mimicry of other conditions. Therefore, it is essential that physicians be familiar with the full sp...
Syphilis has been coined "the great imitator" due to its extreme heterogeneity of presentation and mimicry of other conditions. Therefore, it is essential that physicians be familiar with the full spectrum of its manifestations. Syphilis may also lead to oral lesions that, occasionally, are unaccompanied by concomitant tegumentary findings. Such patients will pose unique diagnostic challenges. We report the case of a 45-year-old HIV-infected male patient in whom secondary syphilis presented with burning mouth and dysgeusia that progressed to glossodynia and odynophagia. Examination revealed painful, shallow erosions on the posterior aspect of the tongue, in a pattern of plaques en prairie fauchée. A painful split papule (fausse perlèche or false angular cheilitis) was also present in the left commissure. There were no cutaneous lesions. The oral lesions were considered highly suggestive of secondary syphilis. A novel VDRL assay (which was previously negative) yielded a titer of 1/128. Complete clinical remission was rapidly achieved after initiation of penicillin therapy. A comprehensive review of the literature on oral manifestations of syphilis is offered.
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- Impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]
- IJInt J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017; 46(11):1497-1504
- The aim of this study was to determine whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients. This systematic review and meta...
The aim of this study was to determine whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). The search was conducted in seven electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, Embase, Web of Science, and OpenGrey), without restriction on publication period or language. Studies that showed the prevalence of oral lesions manifested in adult HIV-positive patients, subjected or not to HAART, were selected. The meta-analysis estimate of relative risk was calculated using the Mantel-Haenszel method and DerSimonian and Laird estimator to determine the variance between studies in the random-effects model. The meta-analysis showed significant results in favour of the group on HAART, with lower prevalence for angular cheilitis, erythematous candidiasis, oral herpes, pseudomembranous candidiasis, Kaposi sarcoma, and oral hairy leukoplakia. The prevalence of oral mucosal hyperpigmentation was higher in patients on HAART. These results suggest that the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients is lower for those on HAART, which might occur because of the improvement in immunity provided by the therapy.