- Aberrantly Expressed Genes and miRNAs in Slow Transit Constipation Based on RNA-Seq Analysis. [Journal Article]
- BRBiomed Res Int 2018; 2018:2617432
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study might be helpful in understanding the pathology of STC at the molecular level.
- Constipation, failure to thrive and recurrent abscesses: getting to the bottom of an unusual complaint. [Journal Article]
- ADArch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2018 Sep 03
- QUESTION 1: Which procedure may have been most appropriate to offer an initial clue to her diagnosis? Abdominal X-ray. Digital rectal examination. Perianal swab for streptococcal infection. Sweat tes...
QUESTION 1: Which procedure may have been most appropriate to offer an initial clue to her diagnosis? Abdominal X-ray. Digital rectal examination. Perianal swab for streptococcal infection. Sweat test. Ultrasound scan of the abdomen. At 6 months of age, she presented with a second abscess, constipation and poor weight gain. QUESTION 2: What is the most likely diagnosis? Congenital anorectal anomaly. Cow's milk protein allergy. Hirschsprung's disease. Immunodeficiency disorder. Infantile perianal Crohn's disease. Poor weight gain persisted and she re-presented acutely unwell at 9 months of age with a ruptured perianal abscess. Given these recurrent abscesses, with associated failure to thrive and constipation, further investigations were arranged. MRI scan of the abdomen, pelvis and spine (figure 1) identified a heterogeneous presacral mass with fusion of the distal sacral segments.edpract;archdischild-2018-315317v1/F1F1F1Figure 1Sagittal T2-weighted MRI showing presacral mass, which measured approximately 20×20×19 mm. QUESTION 3: The combination of congenital anorectal stenosis, anterior sacral defect and a presacral mass is also known as: CHARGE syndrome.Currarino syndrome. Klippel-Feil syndrome. Opitz syndrome. VACTERL (vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheo-esophageal fistula, renal anomalies, and limb abnormalities) association. Answers can be found on page 2.
- Lymphogranuloma venereum in Spain, 2005-2015: A literature review. [Review]
- MCMed Clin (Barc) 2018 Aug 27
- Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) was an unusual disease in Europe until 2003, when several outbreaks among men who have sex with men (MSM) emerged. Since 2015, LGV has been included notifiable disease ...
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) was an unusual disease in Europe until 2003, when several outbreaks among men who have sex with men (MSM) emerged. Since 2015, LGV has been included notifiable disease in Spain. Our aim is to review LGV cases published in Spain from 2005 to 2015. Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria describing cases in 7autonomous regions. Most cases were MSM, Spaniards, aged between 30-45, with anorectal syndrome. L2 was the predominant serotype isolated. More than 60% of the cases among MSM were co-infected with HIV and nearly half of those reported another concurrent STI. Since the first LGV case published more than 10years ago, this disease has spread across Spain. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of cases are similar to cases described in Europe. Implementation of national surveillance will improve information about LGV's magnitude and its evolution, key elements for its control.
- Human Endometrial Regenerative Cells Attenuate Bleomycin-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis in Mice. [Journal Article]
- SCStem Cells Int 2018; 2018:3475137
- Endometrial regenerative cells (ERCs) have been recently evaluated as an attractive novel type of stem cell therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that most ERCs accumulated in the lung after in...
Endometrial regenerative cells (ERCs) have been recently evaluated as an attractive novel type of stem cell therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that most ERCs accumulated in the lung after injection and are successfully used to treat diseases such as cardiac fibrosis. However, relevant studies of ERCs in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have not been reported. The present study was designed to examine the effects of ERCs on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. All IPF models in C57BL/6 mice were induced by administrating 5 mg/kg bleomycin in PBS intratracheally. ERCs were isolated from healthy female menstrual blood and were injected (1 million/mouse, i.v.) 24 hours after induction. Wet/dry weight ratio assay, hydroxyproline content, pathological and immunohistological changes, MDA content, T-SOD activity, cytokine profiles, and RT-qPCR analysis were assessed 2 weeks after disease induction. The results showed that ERC treatment significantly decreased the wet/dry ratio and reduced collagen deposition. Histological analyses, Masson staining, and hydroxyproline content analysis indicated that ERCs could reduce collagen fiber production. Immunohistochemical staining revealed lower expression of TGF-β after ERC treatment. Furthermore, mice treated with ERCs had lower levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, but a higher level of IL-10 in both the lung and serum. Gene expression analysis demonstrated that ERCs potently suppressed the proapoptotic gene Bax, while increasing the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 and antifibrosis genes HGF and MMP-9. Our results indicate that human ERCs protected the lung from pulmonary fibrosis in mice through immunosuppressive and antifibrosis effects. Moreover, these findings formed a foundation for the further use of ERCs in clinical treatment.
- Anorectal sexually transmitted infections. An infradiagnosticated epidemic. [Journal Article]
- MCMed Clin (Barc) 2018 Aug 23
- A diagnostic evaluation of a molecular assay used for testing and treating anorectal chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections at the point-of-care in Papua New Guinea. [Journal Article]
- CMClin Microbiol Infect 2018 Aug 11
- CONCLUSIONS: The overall rate of agreement between the GeneXpert and Cobas CT/NG assays was high with 96.0% for CT and 97.8% for NG. Results from this study data suggest the GeneXpert CT/NG assay is suitable for testing self-collected anorectal specimens at the point-of-care and same day treatment was feasible.
- The midterm outcomes of 1-stage versus 3-stage laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty in anorectal malformations with rectoprostatic fistula and rectobulbar fistula: A retrospective cohort study. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(32):e11843
- The aim of this study was to compare the midterm outcomes of 1-stage and 3-stage surgical procedures to treat anorectal malformations (ARMs) with rectoprostatic and rectobulbar fistula using laparosc...
The aim of this study was to compare the midterm outcomes of 1-stage and 3-stage surgical procedures to treat anorectal malformations (ARMs) with rectoprostatic and rectobulbar fistula using laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty (LAARP).A total of 56 patients with ARMs and rectoprostatic and rectobulbar fistula who underwent LAARP from January 2011 to May 2014 in our institution were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups according to the stage of procedure. The patients' data and postoperative complications were compared between the 2 groups. The Krickenbeck classification was used for assessing the bowel functions.About 20 ARM newborns (rectoprostatic fistula , rectobulbar fistula ) successfully underwent a 1-stage LAARP, and about 36 ARM children (rectoprostatic fistula , rectobulbar fistula ) underwent a 3-stage LAARP (colostomy, LAARP, and closure of colostomy). The average age at the LAARP procedure in 1-stage group was significantly lower than that in 3-stage group (39.8 ± 8.1 hours vs 4.9 ± 1.2 months; P = .00). The average operative time during the definitive procedure was 132.2 ± 15.9 minutes in the 1-stage group and 120.5 ± 12.7 minutes in the 3-stage group (P = .13). There was only 5 to 10 mL of blood loss during the LAARP procedure both the groups (P = .75). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in postoperative hospital stay during the definitive procedure (10.2 ± 2.3 days vs 8.5 ± 2.2 days; P = .22). The rate of surgical site infection and dehiscence was 5% (1/20) in the 1-stage group and 5.6% (2/36) in 3-stage group (P = 1.00). During the period of follow-up, the rate of voluntary bowel movement was 90% (18/20) in 1-stage group and 94.4% (34/36) in 3-stage group (P = .94). Free from soiling or grade I soiling was 80% (16/20) in 1-stage group and 83.3% (30/36) in 3-stage group (P = 1.00); grade II soiling was found in 3 (10%) patients in 1-stage group and 85.7% in 3-stage group (P = .75); grade III soiling was found in 3 (10%) patients in 1-stage group and 85.7% in 3-stage group (P = 1.00). Three patients (15%) in 1-stage group and 5 patients (13.9%) in 3-stage group suffered from grade I constipation (P = 1.00); while 3 (15%) patients in 1-stage group and 4 patients (11.1%) in 3-stage group had grade II constipation (P = 1.00); no patients in the 2 groups suffered from grade III constipation.The 1-stage LAARP procedure for neonate with rectoprostatic and rectobulbar fistula can achieve comparable midterm outcomes as the conventional 3-stage LAARP procedure. It provides an alternative method to rectify the ARMs with rectoprostatic fistula and rectobulbar fistula without colostomy.
- Single-Incision Laparoscopic Versus Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectobladderneck and Rectoprostatic Anorectal Malformations. [Journal Article]
- JLJ Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 Aug 01
- CONCLUSIONS: SILS is a feasible and safe technique compared with CLAARP in terms of surgical outcomes.
- Streptococcus agalactiae prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in vaginal and anorectal swabs of pregnant women at a tertiary hospital in Cameroon. [Journal Article]
- BRBMC Res Notes 2018 Jul 16; 11(1):480
- Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae is part of the normal flora of the gut and genital tract, thus carrier pregnant women can transmit this germ to newborns which could cause earl...
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae is part of the normal flora of the gut and genital tract, thus carrier pregnant women can transmit this germ to newborns which could cause early neonatal infection. In Cameroon, few studies have been conducted on GBS, thus this study sought to detect the rectal and vaginal colonization rates and the antibiotic susceptibility profile of the identified strains in pregnant women. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study over a 6 months period analysing vaginal and anorectal samples obtained from 100 pregnant women. Cultures for the isolation of GBS were carried out according to standard microbiological methods and grouping done using the Pastorex strep Kit. All strains isolated were used for susceptibility test to various antibiotics as recommended by the French microbiology society, using the disk-diffusion method.
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- Management of acquired rectourethral fistulas in adults. [Review]
- AJAsian J Urol 2018; 5(3):149-154
- Rectourethral fistula is an uncommon but devastating condition resulting from surgery, radiation, trauma, inflammation, or occasionally anorectal anomaly. Because of involving the urinary and the dig...
Rectourethral fistula is an uncommon but devastating condition resulting from surgery, radiation, trauma, inflammation, or occasionally anorectal anomaly. Because of involving the urinary and the digestive system, surgical repair can be challenging. More than 40 different surgical approaches were described in the literature. However, no standardized management exists due to the rarity and complexity of the problem. Spontaneous closure of fistula is rare and most cases need reconstructive procedures. Appropriate preoperative assessment is crucial for the decision of operation time and method. Gradually accumulating evidence indicates surgeons should take fistula size, tissue health and vascularity associated with radiation or infection, urethral stricture, and bladder neck sclerosis into consideration and make a proper treatment plan according to the features of various approaches. Accurate preoperative evaluation and proper approach selection would increase success rates. Multiple surgical team corporation, including colorectal, urological and plastic surgeons, would optimize the outcomes.