- Body composition and physical fitness in women with bulimia nervosa or binge-eating disorder. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Eat Disord 2018 Feb 23
- CONCLUSIONS: Overall, participants with BN or BED displayed adequate physical fitness; however, a high number had unfavorable CRF and body composition. This finding calls for inclusion of physical fitness in routine clinical examinations and guided physical activity and dietary recommendations in the treatment of BN and BED.
- Inducing Behavioral Change in Seekers of Pro-Anorexia Content Using Internet Advertisements: Randomized Controlled Trial. [Journal Article]
- JMJMIR Ment Health 2018 Feb 22; 5(1):e6
- CONCLUSIONS: We found that referring users interested in ED-related content to specific pro-ana communities might lessen their maladaptive online search behavior. This suggests that those who are preoccupied with EDs can be redirected to less pathological online searches through appropriate pathways.
- St. Catherine of Siena (1347-1380 AD): one of the earliest historic cases of altered gustatory perception in anorexia mirabilis. [Journal Article]
- NSNeurol Sci 2018 Feb 22
- St. Catherine of Siena suffered from an extreme form of holy fasting, a condition classified as anorexia mirabilis (also known as inedia prodigiosa). Historical and medical scholarships alike have dr...
St. Catherine of Siena suffered from an extreme form of holy fasting, a condition classified as anorexia mirabilis (also known as inedia prodigiosa). Historical and medical scholarships alike have drawn a comparison between this primaeval type of anorexia with a relatively common form of eating disorder among young women in the modern world, anorexia nervosa. St. Catherine's condition was characterised by a disgust for sweet taste, a condition also described in anorexia nervosa, and characterised by specific neurophysiological changes in the brain. St. Catherine's case may be considered one of the oldest veritable descriptions of altered gustation (dysgeusia). Moreover, a more compelling neurophysiological similarity between anorexia mirabilis and anorexia nervosa may be proposed.
- Implicit attitudes toward eating stimuli differentiate eating disorder and non-eating disorder groups and predict eating disorder behaviors. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Eat Disord 2018 Feb 22
- CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, implicit evaluations of eating stimuli differentiated people with AN and BN from people without EDs and longitudinally predicted ED symptoms and behaviors. Interventions that increase implicit liking of eating-related stimuli may reduce ED behaviors.
- Neuroimaging in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder: a systematic review. [Review]
- JEJ Eat Disord 2018; 6:3
- CONCLUSIONS: Studies included in this review are heterogenous, preventing many robust conclusions from being drawn. The precise neurobiology of BN and BED remains unclear and ongoing, large-scale investigations are required. One clear finding is that illness severity, exclusively defined as the frequency of binge eating or bulimic episodes, is related to greater neural changes. The results of this review indicate additional research is required, particularly extending findings of reduced cortical volumes and diminished activity in regions associated with self-regulation (frontostriatal circuits) and further exploring responses to disorder-related stimuli in people with BN and BED.
- Response: Anorexia nervosa, more than a body image disorder. [Journal Article]
- ANAust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Feb 01; :4867418758921
- Blunted cortisol response to stress in patients with eating disorders: Its association to bulimic features. [Journal Article]
- EEEur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Feb 21
- CONCLUSIONS: The results support the association between blunted cortisol response and bulimic features.
- Mentalization and the left inferior frontal gyrus and insula. [Journal Article]
- EEEur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Feb 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Externalizing biases may provide an office-based assay reflecting neurocognitive disturbances in social self-perception that are common during anorexia nervosa.
- Insights of hypercarotenaemia: A brief review. [Review]
- CNClin Nutr ESPEN 2018; 23:19-24
- Carotenoids are generally 40-carbon tetraterpenoids responsible for most of the yellow, orange and red colours throughout the natural world. Pro-vitamin A carotenoids serve as the precursors of vitam...
Carotenoids are generally 40-carbon tetraterpenoids responsible for most of the yellow, orange and red colours throughout the natural world. Pro-vitamin A carotenoids serve as the precursors of vitamin A. In addition to that, carotenoids exhibit range of important protective mechanisms in human health. Hypercarotenaemia is characterized by carotenodermia resulting in yellowing of the skin specially palms and soles. Hypercarotenaemia develops in subjects consuming high levels of carotenoid rich foods or β-carotene supplements (>30 mg day-1) over a period of months. Less or normal intake of carotenoids very rarely gives rise to metabolic carotenaemia due to genetic defects of the enzyme 15-15'-carotenoid dioxygenase. Moreover, it is known that those with hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus tend to develop hypercarotenaemia with the normal intake of carotenoid rich foods. Further, hypercarotenaemia has been reported in anorexia nervosa. However, recently some studies have been shown that there is no major correlation between carotenoid intake and hypercarotenaemia indicating that a genetic factor is at play in development of hypercarotenaemia. Therefore, the subjects appear to need to be genetically pre-disposed to hypercarotenaemia.
New Search Next
- A pilot evaluation of a novel First Episode and Rapid Early Intervention service for Eating Disorders (FREED). [Journal Article]
- EEEur Eat Disord Rev 2018; 26(2):129-140
- This pilot study assesses the impact of FREED (First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating Disorders [ED]), a novel transdiagnostic service for emerging adults with recent ED onset, on clinical...
This pilot study assesses the impact of FREED (First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating Disorders [ED]), a novel transdiagnostic service for emerging adults with recent ED onset, on clinical outcomes. Data were collected from 56 patients and 19 carers for 12 months following enrolment. FREED patients showed significant improvements in ED and other symptoms across time. Carers also showed psychological improvements. For FREED anorexia nervosa (AN) patients, body mass index (BMI) at initial clinical assessment was similar to that of comparable patients (audit cohort) seen in our service before (16.4 vs 16.1 kg/m2). By start of treatment, because of their shorter wait, FREED-AN had gained weight whereas audit patients had lost (16.7 vs 15.8 kg/m2). This difference continued throughout treatment, and at 12 months, nearly 60% FREED-AN patients returned to a BMI of 18.5 or greater. FREED shows promise as a service model for emerging adults with EDs.