- Corrigendum: Meclizine Prevents Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss and Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis Partially by Upregulating PXR. [Published Erratum]
- FPFront Pharmacol 2017; 8:991
- [This corrects the article on p. 693 in vol. 8, PMID: 29046637.].
[This corrects the article on p. 693 in vol. 8, PMID: 29046637.].
- Drug use in pregnant women-a pilot study of the coherence between reported use of drugs and presence of drugs in plasma. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Clin Pharmacol 2017 Dec 20
- CONCLUSIONS: This study shows good coherence between reported drug intake and the drugs found in plasma samples, which in turn positively validates the MBR.
- Meclizine Prevents Ovariectomy-Induced Bone Loss and Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis Partially by Upregulating PXR. [Journal Article]
- FPFront Pharmacol 2017; 8:693
- Pregnane X receptor (PXR) which belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily plays vital roles in several biological functions, especially in the inflammatory procedure. Besides that, PXR is r...
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) which belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily plays vital roles in several biological functions, especially in the inflammatory procedure. Besides that, PXR is revealed by recent studies to have essential effects on bone tissue. As an agonist of PXR, meclizine is a piperazine-derived histamine H1 antagonist, and has been frequently used for prevention and treatment of vomiting and nausea. Because osteoclastogenesis is characterized by the activation of inflammation-related signaling pathways, we speculated that meclizine may affect formation and function of osteoclast. In the present study, we explored the effect of meclizine on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis both in vivo and in vitro. In primary bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs), meclizine reduced osteoclast formation and bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner, while knockdown of PXR with siRNA partially abrogated the osteoclastogenesis inhibition of meclizine. On the one hand, at the molecular level, meclizine attenuated RANKL-induced activation of c-Fos, NFATc1, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs), including ERK and p38, but not JNK. Meanwhile, meclizine reduced the expression of osteoclast-specific genes, including TRAP, MMP9, Cathepsin K and NFATc1. On the other hand, meclizine decreased OVX-induced bone loss by repressing osteoclast activity. In conclusion, our results indicated that meclizine inhibits osteoclastogenesis via regulation of several RANKL signaling pathways and PXR was involved in the processes. Therefore, meclizine may be considered as a novel therapeutic candidate for osteoclast-related diseases.
- Lipids bearing extruded-spheronized pellets for extended release of poorly soluble antiemetic agent-Meclizine HCl. [Journal Article]
- LHLipids Health Dis 2017 Apr 12; 16(1):75
- CONCLUSIONS: Matrices for the extended release of Meclizine HCl from extruded-spheronized pellets were successfully formed by using three lipids (Geleol®, Compritol® and Carnauba wax) in different combinations. The encapsulated pellets of Meclizine HCl can be effectively used for treatment of motion sickness, nausea and vertigo for extended period of time.
- Spectrophotometric determination of meclizine hydrochloride and pyridoxine hydrochloride in laboratory prepared mixtures and in their pharmaceutical preparation. [Journal Article]
- SASpectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2017 May 05; 178:234-238
- In this paper, three rapid, simple, accurate and precise spectrophotometric methods were developed for the determination of meclizine hydrochloride in the presence of pyridoxine hydrochloride without...
In this paper, three rapid, simple, accurate and precise spectrophotometric methods were developed for the determination of meclizine hydrochloride in the presence of pyridoxine hydrochloride without previous separation. The methods under study are dual wavelength (DWL), ratio difference (RD) and continuous wavelet transform (CWT). On the other hand, pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYH) was determined directly at 291nm. The methods obey Beer's law in the range of (5-50μg/mL) for both compounds. All the methods were validated according to the ICH guidelines where the accuracy was found to be 98.29, 99.59, 100.42 and 100.62% for DWL, RD, CWT and PYH; respectively. Moreover the precision of the methods were calculated in terms of %RSD and it was found to be 0.545, 0.372, 1.287 and 0.759 for DWL, RD,CWT and PYH; respectively. The selectivity of the proposed methods was tested using laboratory prepared mixtures and assessed by applying the standard addition technique. So, they can be used for the routine analysis of pyridoxine hydrochloride and meclizine hydrochloride in quality-control laboratories.
- Validated Chromatographic Methods for the Analysis of Two Binary Mixtures Containing Pyridoxine Hydrochloride. [Journal Article]
- JAJ AOAC Int 2017 Mar 01; 100(2):414-421
- Accurate and precise TLC-densitometric and HPLC-diode-array detector (DAD) methods have been developed and validated to resolve two binary mixtures containing pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYH) with eith...
Accurate and precise TLC-densitometric and HPLC-diode-array detector (DAD) methods have been developed and validated to resolve two binary mixtures containing pyridoxine hydrochloride (PYH) with either cyclizine hydrochloride (CYH) or meclizine hydrochloride (MEH). In the developed TLC-densitometric method, chromatographic separation of the three studied drugs was carried out on silica gel 60 F254 plates using a developing system containing methylene chloride + acetone + methanol (7 + 1 + 0.5, v/v/v) scanning separated bands at 220 nm. Beer-Lambert law was obeyed in the ranges of 0.2-5, 0.2-4, and 0.2-4 µg/band for PYH, CYH, and MEH, respectively. On the other hand, the developed HPLC-DAD method depended on chromatographic separation on a Zorbax Eclipse C18 column using methanol-KH2PO4 (0.05 M; 90 + 10, v/v; pH 5, with H3PO4 and KOH) as the mobile phase, a flow rate of 1 mL/min, and UV scanning at 220 nm. A linear relationship was obtained between the integrated peak area and the concentration in the ranges of 10-50, 10-50, and 7-50 µg/mL for PYH, CYH, and MEH, respectively. The proposed methods were successfully applied for the determination of the cited drugs in their pharmaceutical formulations. Statistical comparison with the reported methods using Student's t- and F-tests found there were no significant differences between the proposed and reported methods for accuracy and precision.
- Transdermal Scopolamine Withdrawal Syndrome Case Report in the Pediatric Cerebral Palsy Population. [Case Reports]
- AJAm J Phys Med Rehabil 2017; 96(8):e151-e154
- Sialorrhea in children with cerebral palsy (CP) results in aspiration, decreased social integration, and poor quality of life. Management options include transdermal anticholinergics such as the scop...
Sialorrhea in children with cerebral palsy (CP) results in aspiration, decreased social integration, and poor quality of life. Management options include transdermal anticholinergics such as the scopolamine patch. A controlled clinical trial has proven botulinum toxin (BTX) injections into the salivary glands are an effective alternative to transdermal anticholinergics with a safer side effect profile. Multiple studies of the injections in diverse populations demonstrate reduction in saliva production with improvement in quality of life and decrease in hospitalization-associated costs. The authors describe a 15-year-old boy with spastic quadriplegic CP who developed emesis, nausea, and lethargy 1 day after the first injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) to his salivary glands for sialorrhea management. The authors ascribed his symptoms to scopolamine withdrawal. Given the lack of exposure in the medical literature, there is minimal awareness of the withdrawal syndrome from transdermal scopolamine in children with or without CP, resulting in delayed diagnosis and potential complications. Treatment of the withdrawal syndrome has been successful with meclizine though safety and efficacy has not been established in children younger than 12 despite frequent clinical and over-the-counter use. Prompt diagnosis of the transdermal scopolamine withdrawal syndrome can result in quicker treatment and a shorter hospital stay.
- D-Optimal mixture design optimization of an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of commonly used antihistaminic parent molecules and their active metabolites in human serum and urine. [Journal Article]
- BCBiomed Chromatogr 2017; 31(8)
- This study describes a specific, precise, sensitive and accurate method for simultaneous determination of hydroxyzine, loratadine, terfenadine, rupatadine and their main active metabolites cetirizine...
This study describes a specific, precise, sensitive and accurate method for simultaneous determination of hydroxyzine, loratadine, terfenadine, rupatadine and their main active metabolites cetirizine, desloratadine and fexofenadine, in serum and urine using meclizine as an internal standard. Solid-phase extraction method for sample clean-up and preconcentration of analytes was carried out using Phenomenex Strata-X-C and Strata X polymeric cartridges. Chromatographic analysis was performed on a Phenomenex cyano (150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 μm) analytical column. A D-optimal mixture design methodology was used to evaluate the effect of changes in mobile phase compositions on dependent variables and optimization of the response of interest. The mixture design experiments were performed and results were analyzed. The region of ideal mobile phase composition consisting of acetonitrile-methanol-ammonium acetate buffer (40 mm; pH 3.8 adjusted with acetic acid): 18:36:46% v/v/v was identified by a graphical optimization technique using an overlay plot. While using this optimized condition all analytes were baseline resolved in <10 min. Solvent mixtures were delivered at 1.5 mL/min flow rate and analytes peaks were detected at 222 nm. The proposed bioanalytical method was validated according to US Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The proposed method was sensitive with detection limits of 0.06-0.15 μg/mL in serum and urine samples. Relative standard deviation for inter- and intra-day precision data was found to be <7%. The proposed method may find application in the determination of selected antihistaminic drugs in biological fluids.
- Erratum to: Cisplatin Toxicity in Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Is Relieved by Meclizine via Diminution of Mitochondrial Compromise and Improved Clearance of DNA Damage. [Published Erratum]
- MNMol Neurobiol 2017; 54(10):7896-7897
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- Cisplatin Toxicity in Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Is Relieved by Meclizine via Diminution of Mitochondrial Compromise and Improved Clearance of DNA Damage. [Journal Article]
- MNMol Neurobiol 2017; 54(10):7883-7895
- Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity of peripheral nervous system (PNS) hinders efficacy of cancer treatments. Mechanisms initiating PNS injury by anticancer drugs are incompletely understood delaying ...
Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity of peripheral nervous system (PNS) hinders efficacy of cancer treatments. Mechanisms initiating PNS injury by anticancer drugs are incompletely understood delaying development of effective management strategies. To understand events triggered in PNS by cancer drugs, we exposed dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons to cisplatin, a drug from platinum-based class of chemotherapeutics frequently implicated in peripheral neuropathies. While cisplatin enters cancer cells and forms cisplatin/DNA crosslinks that block cell proliferation, circulating cisplatin can also reach the PNS and produce crosslinks that impede critical DNA transactions in postmitotic neurons. Cisplatin forms crosslinks with both, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Crosslinks are repairable primarily via the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is present in nuclei but absent from mitochondrial compartment. Hence, high mitochondrial content and limited shielding by blood nerve barrier make DRG neurons particularly vulnerable to mitochondrial injury by cisplatin. We report that in DRG neurons, cisplatin elevates reactive oxygen species, depletes mtDNA, and impairs mitochondrial respiration, whereas concomitant meclizine supplementation preserves redox balance, attenuates mitochondrial compromise, and augments DNA repair. Meclizine is an antihistamine drug recently implicated in neuroprotection via modulation of energy metabolism. Our data demonstrate that in the mitochondria-rich DRG neurons, meclizine mitigates cisplatin-induced mitochondrial compromise via enhancement of pentose phosphate pathway and repletion of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and glutathione stores. The findings suggest that meclizine-mediated preservation of redox balance sustains mitochondrial respiration and supports execution of cellular processes, including timely removal of cisplatin crosslinks from nuclear DNA, thereby attenuating cisplatin toxicity in DRG neurons. Collectively, the findings reveal potential for pharmacologic modulation of dorsal root ganglion neurons metabolism for protection against toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs.