- Towards a new set of classification criteria for PFAPA syndrome. [Journal Article]
- PRPediatr Rheumatol Online J 2018 Sep 21; 16(1):60
- CONCLUSIONS: Our work led us to identify a new set of classification criteria for PFAPA syndrome, but they resulted to be too restrictive to be applied in daily clinical practice for the diagnosis of PFAPA.
- Epidemiology of oral mucosal lesions in Slovenia. [Journal Article]
- RORadiol Oncol 2018 Sep 11; 52(3):263-266
- Background Among the diseases of oral mucosa, malignant tumors are the most dangerous, but not the most common lesions that might appear in the oral cavity. Since most of the studies are focused on t...
Background Among the diseases of oral mucosa, malignant tumors are the most dangerous, but not the most common lesions that might appear in the oral cavity. Since most of the studies are focused on the detection of cancer in the oral cavity, we were interested in detecting the frequency of benign changes of the oral mucosa in Slovene population. Oral mucosal lesions are important pointer of oral health and quality of life, especially in elderly. The prevalence of oral mucosal lesions, together with information on the risk habits associated with oral health, such as tobacco and alcohol use, can help in planning future oral health studies and screening programs. Patients and methods Survey upon oral mucosal lesions was conducted during the national project for oral cancer screening in spring 2017 in the Slovenia in which more than 50% of dentists participated and 2395 patients (904 men and 1491 women) were included. Results Clinical examination, which was conducted according to the WHO standards revealed that 645 patients (27%) had oral mucosal lesions. The ten most common oral lesions detected were fibroma, gingivitis, Fordyce spots, white coated tongue, cheek biting, linea alba, denture stomatitis, geographic tongue, recurrent aphthous ulcerations and lichen planus. Conclusions Overall, these epidemiological data suggest need for specific health policies for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of oral mucosal lesions.
- Observing the effect of traditional Chinese medicine Kouchuang Xiaotong powder on patients with recurrent aphthus ulcer. [Journal Article]
- PJPak J Pharm Sci 2018; 31(4(Special)):1687-1690
- The effect of traditional Chinese medicine Kouchuang Xiaotong powder on patients with recurrent aphthous ulcer is observed and analyzed. 140 patients with recurrent aphthous ulcer in our hospital wer...
The effect of traditional Chinese medicine Kouchuang Xiaotong powder on patients with recurrent aphthous ulcer is observed and analyzed. 140 patients with recurrent aphthous ulcer in our hospital were selected as research objects, which were randomly divided into two groups: study group and control group. Among them, the patients in study group were treated with traditional Chinese medicine kouchuang xiaotong powder, and patients in control group were given the general routine treatment, comparing overall effective treatment of the two groups. Through comparing the time of pain disappearance, the size of ulcer after treatment, ulcer healing time and the time of feeding improvement, the results showed that study group had more obvious advantages than control group with P<0.05; through comparing pain score and overall curative effect of the two groups, study group was significantly superior than control group with P<0.05.The treatment of traditional Chinese medicine Kouchang Xiaotong powder on patients with recurrent aphthous ulcer, it can obtain good effect, significantly improve the curative effect and promote recovery as soon as possible.
- Painful Oral Lesions. [Review]
- DCDent Clin North Am 2018; 62(4):597-609
- Painful oral vesiculoerosive diseases (OVD) include lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, mucous membrane pemphigoid, erythema multiforme, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis. OVD lesions have an immunopa...
Painful oral vesiculoerosive diseases (OVD) include lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, mucous membrane pemphigoid, erythema multiforme, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis. OVD lesions have an immunopathic cause. Treatment is aimed at reducing the immunologic and the following inflammatory response. The mainstay of OVD management is topical or systemic corticosteroids to include topical triamcinolone, fluocinonide, and clobetasol, whereas systemic medications used in practice can include dexamethasone, prednisone, and prednisolone. Oral herpetic lesions can be primary or recurrent. If management is desired, they can be treated by topical or systemic antiviral drugs. Topical antiviral creams include prescription acyclovir, penciclovir and over-the-counter docosanol.
- Evaluation of the effect of pre-operative oral midazolam on post-operative oral fluid intake after tonsillectomy. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018; 113:248-251
- CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant difference in oral fluid intake between the no midazolam and midazolam groups, indicating that clinicians can continue to use their judgement in administering midazolam to select anxious patients prior to tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy. Future work could include multi-center retrospective reviews or a randomized placebo-controlled trial to examine more carefully the effects of midazolam on postoperative oral fluid intake.
- Association of oral manifestations in ulcerative colitis: A pilot study. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2018 May-Aug; 22(2):199-203
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed numerous and varied intraoral manifestations among the patients with UC. The previous episodes of oral manifestations were also similar and reported exacerbation of oral manifestations during relapses. Thus, oral manifestations can be used as an indicator of relapse in UC.
- The influence of oral health and psycho-social well-being on clinical outcomes in Behçet's disease. [Journal Article]
- RIRheumatol Int 2018; 38(10):1873-1883
- This study was designed to investigate the association of oral ulceration and oral health factors, together with psycho-social well-being in Behçet's disease (BD), and to clarify the importance of ps...
This study was designed to investigate the association of oral ulceration and oral health factors, together with psycho-social well-being in Behçet's disease (BD), and to clarify the importance of psycho-social support of patients in the overall management of BD. The study comprised of a cohort of 146 BD patients (mean age ± SD = 39.65 ± 13.20) and 20 recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) patients (mean age ± SD = 42.32 ± 11.32). Oral ulcer severity score (OUSS), Behçet's disease current activities form (BDCAF), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), and the work and social adjustment scale (WSAS) were investigated. Oral health risk factors were also included. The analysis of variance, regression, and factor analysis were used to scrutinise the data. Almost 73% of patients were at high caries risk in BD and RAS groups. Thirty-nine percent of BD and forty percent of RAS had a score of BPE3 (probing depth 3.5-5.5 mm). Regression analysis revealed that OUSS and WSAS had a positive impact to increase the BDCAF score in BD patients (β = 0.395, P = 0.001; β = 0.240, P = 0.019), respectively. Dental health, periodontal health, anxiety, depression, and WSAS variables had strong loadings by factor analysis based on gender and at the time of present and absent of oral ulceration. The main oral ulcer characteristics that had significant influences on the total of oral health quality of life by 68.6% were: size, duration, ulcer-free period, and pain. The results highlighted the significant influence of oral ulceration, patients' oral health, diet, and psycho-social well-being as multi-factorial causes on increasing disease activity in BD patients.
- [Clinical analysis for oral mucosal disease in 21 972 cases]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Jul 28; 43(7):779-783
- To analyze the incidence and distribution of oral mucosal diseases in Hunan Province and provide reference for prevention and treatment. Methods: The clinical data for all patients, who were treated ...
To analyze the incidence and distribution of oral mucosal diseases in Hunan Province and provide reference for prevention and treatment. Methods: The clinical data for all patients, who were treated in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from April 2013 to March 2017, were collected. After screening, weighing and classifying, sex and age distribution for the disease was analyzed. Results: The female with the age between 40 to 49 were in the majority among 21 972 patients. The ratio between men to women was 1:1.05. According to the classification of diseases, the most common diseases were as follows: recurrent aphthous ulcer (27.17%), burning mouth syndrome (15.72%), oral submucous fibrosis (14.75%), oral lichen planus (10.38%), oral leukoplakia (4.21%), traumatic ulceration (4.14%), chronic cheilitis (3.47%), oral fungal infection (3.26%), and atrophic glossitis (2.74%). Recurrent oral ulcer (28.65%), burning mouth syndrome (23.70%) and oral lichen planus (13.31%) were the most common 3 kinds of oral mucosal diseases during females in Hunan. Oral submucous fibrosis was the most common oral mucosal disease among males in Hunan (28.56%). Conclusion: Recurrent oral ulcer, burning mouth syndrome and oral lichen planus are very popular in women in Hunan Province, and oral submucous fibrosis is the most common disease in male in this region. It shows a high trend of incidence in the surrounding provinces.
- Adamantiades-Behçet Disease at the Beginning of the Silk Route: North-East Italian Experience. [Journal Article]
- ADActa Dermatovenerol Croat 2017; 25(4):295-297
- Dear Editor, Adamantiades-Behçet's disease (ABD) is an inflammatory disease classified as vasculitis, which was originally diagnosed in patients with aphthous stomatitis, genital ulcerations, and ocu...
Dear Editor, Adamantiades-Behçet's disease (ABD) is an inflammatory disease classified as vasculitis, which was originally diagnosed in patients with aphthous stomatitis, genital ulcerations, and ocular manifestations. However, any organ or system may be involved, particularly the central and peripheral nervous systems, joints, as well as the gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of ABD is still not fully understood, but some evidence indicates that an autoimmune process could be triggered by an infectious or environmental agent specific for the geographic region (1). Although BD can occur worldwide, it is most prevalent in the region along the ancient commercial route called the "Silk Road". In Italy, studies on the precise prevalence of ABD are lacking (2). As there are no specific diagnostic laboratory tests or histopathologic findings which confirm the preliminary diagnosis, the final diagnosis should be based on clinical criteria (3). Skin and mucosae are the target organs of this disease, and therefore their involvement has been considered in the numerous diagnostic criteria developed over the years (4). The first most important and popular criteria were created in 1990 by the International Study Group (ISG) (5). Because of their low sensitivity, the new International Criteria for Behçet's Disease (ICBD) were established, and were presented at the International Conference of Behçet's Disease in Lisbon in 2006 (6,7). In 2014, the International Team for the Revision of the International Criteria for BD submitted new criteria assigning 2 points to ocular lesions, oral aphthosis, and genital aphthosis, and 1 point to skin lesions, central nervous system involvement, and vascular manifestations. The pathergy test, when used, was assigned 1 point. A patient scoring ≥4 points is classified as having BD (8). We performed a single center, case-control study on a cohort of patients of Friuli Venezia Giulia, enrolled from January 2010 to September 2015 in the Dermatology Unit of the University of Trieste. The aim was to analyze the clinical features and compare the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the three diagnostic criteria for ABD presented above in patients born in this particular region which is located at the very start of the "Silk Route". We enrolled 153 consecutive patients (74 cases and 79 controls) in the study. The characteristics and clinical features of patients and controls are summarized in Table 1. The most common diagnoses in the control group were recurrent oral aphtosis, lichen planus, mucous-membrane pemphigoid, and lupus erythematosus. The inclusion criterion was the presence of at least one principal clinical feature of ABD (oral aphtosis, genital aphtosis, skin lesions, ocular involvement) properly recorded in clinical records. Patient recruitment was done in a consecutive manner. Exclusion criteria were incomplete clinical records and absence of follow-up data. The diagnosis of ABD was established by expert dermatologists, without the use of any particular diagnostic criterion. For ABD, diagnosis agreement among dermatologists was required. The study was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki protocols. Possible associations between categorical variables were detected by the use of Fisher's exact test or Pearson χ2 test, depending on the sample size. Logistic regression was performed in order to identify which symptoms are of higher impact in the diagnosis of ABD. A comparison in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy among the three diagnostic criteria (ISG 1990, ITR 2006, and ITR 2014) was performed. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was obtained for each diagnostic criterion. Data were produced with a 95% confidence interval; P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Statistical analysis was done using Stata SE12 software (Stata Corporation, Tx, USA). According to our data, patients with ABD had a significantly lower age at diagnosis compared with controls (P=0.0001); this was confirmed for both men (P=0.0006) and women (P=0.004). The presence of oral aphtosis was not necessarily pathognomonic of ABD (P=0.005) as it was found in 97.3% of patients with ABD and in 83.5% of controls. Genital aphtosis was directly associated with ABD diagnosis (P<0.001), as it was present in 79.7% of patients with ABD, but in only 8.9% of controls. Furthermore, even skin manifestations and ocular lesions were observed at different rates in patients with ABD and controls (P<0.001 and P=0.003, respectively). The presence of pseudofolliculitis was significantly more frequent in patients than in controls (P<0.001), whereas erythema nodosum and skin aphtosis did not differ considerably between ABD and controls. Joint manifestations were as common in patients with ABD as in controls (P=0.6): arthralgia and arthritis alone do not indicate a diagnosis of ABD. Neurological symptoms as well as vascular involvement, if present, can be suggestive of ABD, but their absence does not exclude an ABD diagnosis (P=0.06 and P=0.04). Positive pathergy tests and positive HLA B51 tests were significantly more frequent in patients than in controls (P=0.007 and P=0.009, respectively), although if negative they did not exclude a diagnosis of ABD. Logistic regression showed that genital aphtosis (odds ratio (OR)=12948, P<0.001), neurological manifestations (OR=819.263, P=0.001), vascular manifestations (OR=240.2573, P=0.001), cutaneous manifestations (OR=104.5625, P=0.002), oral aphtosis (OR=145.3229, P=0.004), and younger age at diagnosis (OR=0.8950334, P=0.000) were associated with ABD diagnosis (Table 2). There was no single pathognomonic symptom of ABD. We found that the ITR criteria -both from 2006 and 2014 - had a higher sensitivity (98.7% and 100%, respectively), specificity (94.9% and 97.9%, respectively), and accuracy (96.7% and 98.7%, respectively) compared with the ISG 1990 criterion, which scored 66% sensitivity, 100% specificity, and 83.7% accuracy. Area Under Roc Curve (AUC) was significantly different between ISG 1990 and ITR 2006 and between ISG 1990 and ITR 2014 (Figure 1). Even though no statistically significant difference was found between the ITR 2014 and ITR 2006 criteria, the former had a better performance according to our records. The clinical features reported in our retrospective case-control study are comparable to data found in the literature from European and international reports. A recent study (8) found a similar organ involvement percentage to our study, although we found a higher prevalence of HLA B51 positive patients and a lower percentage of ocular manifestations in our records. The results of the logistic regression performed based on our records indicate genital aphtosis, oral aphtosis, ocular involvement, neurological signs, and vascular features are more strongly linked to the diagnosis of ABD. According to our data, the presence of oral aphtosis is not paramount for the diagnosis of ABD, which fits well with the intent of the ITR 2006 and 2014 diagnostic criteria. The new ITR 2014 criteria added neurological signs to the diagnostic symptoms of ABD, emphasizing the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to patients suspected to have ABD.
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- Comment on "Mean Platelet Volume: A Reliable Marker of Inflammation in Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis and Behçet's Disease?" [Journal Article]
- IDIndian Dermatol Online J 2018 Jul-Aug; 9(4):281